The usual dosage would be in the range of 250mg-750mg.
Cytomel is not an anabolic/androgenic steroid but a thyroid hor?mone. As a insulin pumps substance it contains synthetically manufactured liothyronine sodium which resembles the natural thyroid insulin pumps hormone tricodide-thyronine (L-T3). The thyroid of a healthy person usually produces two hormones, the better insulin pumps known L-thyroxine (L-T4) and the aforementioned L-trilodine~thyronine (L-T3). Since Cytomel insulin pumps is the synthetic equivalent of the latter hormone, it causes the same processes in the body as if the thyroid were to produce more of the hormone. It is interesting to note
that L-T3 is clearly the stronger and more effective of these two hormones. This makes Cytomel insulin pumps more effective than the commercially available L-T4 compounds such as L-thyroxine or insulin pumps Synthroid. The manufacturer of the German L-T3 compound, Hoechst AG, ascribes the following characteristics insulin pumps to its Thybon drug, making it clear that L-T3 is superior to L-T4: "The synthetically manufactured thyroid hormone, L-trilodine-thyronine (L-T3), included insulin pumps in Thybon, in experimental and clinical testing has proven to be 4-5 times more biologically active and to take effect
more quickly than L-thyroxine (L-T4)". In school medicine Cytomel is used to treat thyroid insufficiency (hypothyroidism). insulin pumps Among other secondary symptoms are obesity, metabolic disorders, and fatigue. Bodybuilders insulin pumps take advantage of these charcteristics and stimulate their metabolism by taking Cytomel, which causes a faster conver?sion insulin pumps of carbohydrates, proteins, and fats. Bodybuilders, of course, are especially interested in an increased lipolysis, which means in?creased fat burning. Competing bodybuilders, in particular, use Cytomel during the weeks before
a championship since it helps to maintain an extremely low fat content, without necessitating a hunger diet. Athletes insulin pumps who use low dosages of Cytomel report that by the simultaneous intake of steroids, the steroids become insulin pumps more effective, most likely as the result of the faster conversion of protein.
• It insulin pumps improves skin texture (71%) and skin elasticity ( 71%)
Street Price: $.50 - 1.00 / tab. Fairly inexpensive in Mexico though. Spiropent is currently going for about $7.50/box, Novegam for $5.25/box, and Oxyflux for about $3.30/box.
Trenabol 75 is a fast-acting injectable steroid with a great effect on protein metabolism. insulin pumps Trenbolone is one of the best effective anabolic compounds, promoting protein synthesis, insulin pumps as well as creating a positive nitrogen balance. It is an appetite stimulant and improves the conversion insulin pumps of proteins. In laboratory tests, it has been demonstrated that trenbolone increases protein insulin pumps and decreases fat deposition. It has proven to be an excellent product for promoting size and strength in the presence of adequate protein and calories, promotes body tissue
building processes, and can reverse catabolism.
The drug trenbolone acetate is, without insulin pumps a doubt, the most powerful injectable anabolic steroid used by members to gain muscle. However the full properties of the drug insulin pumps are not always fully understood. This profile will separate fact from fiction and help steroid.com members decide if trenbolone is insulin pumps right for them.
The specificity of Winny however, lies in how it counteracts estrogenic side-effects such as gyno and excess water retention. First of all it's a 5-alpha reduced substrate. 5-alpha
reduction breaks the double bond between positions 4 and 5, which is required for conversion to estrogen via aromatase, insulin pumps the primary enzyme for the manufacture of estrogen in males. Because some of these compounds nonetheless show some affinity for aromatase insulin pumps they may have some use in blocking estrogen from other steroids they are stacked with. Wether or insulin pumps not Winny acts in this way is not entirely sure. What has been a popular point of discussion with stanozolol is its suggested anti-progestagenic effects. The theory goes that Winny can bind and compete for
a position at the progesterone receptor much like Clomid of Nolvadex would at the estrogen receptor, thereby inhibiting insulin pumps progestagenic effects. Now, progesterone can aggravate estrogenic side-effects by agonizing estrogen and it does play a role in gyno. insulin pumps
The down side is that this drug is responsible for a number of side effects. It is insulin pumps an alpha alkylated 17 compound, which is quite toxic to the liver. Average dosages for Anabol have been in the range of 15mg to 30mg a day oral or 50mg to 100mg a week by injection. Regarded by many athletes as
being one of the most effective oral steroids ever produced. It was not known as the \"Breakfast insulin pumps of Champions\" for nothing. Anabol is still one of the most effective strength and size building oral steroids insulin pumps probably second only to Anadrol 50 but it is not as harsh on the system as Anadrol 50 is.
Like testosterone cypionate, insulin pumps enanthate is a single-ester and long-acting form of the base steroid testosterone. To me, its slightly better value for money than the aforementioned because its ester is only 7 instead of 8 carbons in length. Where
that doesn't really change much in terms of release and blood concentration for users who inject on a weekly insulin pumps basis, that does mean that less of the weight is ester and more of it is testosterone. When taking insulin pumps an amount of an esterified steroid, that amount in terms of weight is a combination of the ester and the steroid. Naturally the longer the ester is, insulin pumps the more of the weight it takes up. So its safe to state that 500 mg of enanthate contains more testosterone than does 500 mg of cypionate. Not that this slight difference will be noted on a weekly pattern
really, but its enough for me to give it a slight edge if given the choice. Although, as stated with cypionate, insulin pumps your choice between enanthate and cypionate is best based on availability. These are a much better choice than sustanon 250 or omnadren, which insulin pumps are blends of different testosterone esters, due to their irregular release. Nonetheless insulin pumps these versions still appear to be more popular with most users for some reason. Before you compare these to shorter esters under the pretense that even more of the weight would be testosterone, for bulking purposes the release
pattern and injection pattern of an enanthate or cypionate is more fitting than that of say, insulin pumps a propionate ester. Enanthate and cypionate are very close in those terms, hence the comparison is possible.
Aim a fan at your head at night. Your head insulin pumps is the most precious thing on your body and is a prime site for heat loss. Any air flowing over it will aid in cooling via convection.
Wash insulin pumps your bedding daily. It is a good idea to have some spare pillowcases on hand, if
nothing else. Most likely, you will be sweating profusely while you sleep, and this will make your bed smell as enticing as insulin pumps a locker room. Cleanliness is also essential in the prevention of disease, not to mention the fact that you are breathing out insulin pumps DNP "fumes" all night and they collect on your bedding.
Prevention of disease goes beyond washing your clothes, insulin pumps and includes all of the normal precautions that you would make to avoid infection, insulin pumps although in a more exaggerated way. DNP depletes your body of energy needed to battle pathogens and
weakens your immune system, leaving you ripe for infection and incapable of fighting off insulin pumps most diseases once they have taken hold.
This is rather intuitive, but be certain to wear loose, insulin pumps light clothing, preferably of a light color.
Similarly intuitive is the desire to remain insulin pumps in a cool area … be CERTAIN not to overheat.
Proper hydration is necessary – insulin pumps I have personally consumed up to 8 liters of water per day. Glycerol specifically aids in muscle hydration, so its use may be very important, particularly when considering
that muscle cells in even a semi-dehydrated state are prime sites for catabolism.
Cardiovascular work while on DNP – This is insulin pumps a strange issue that I have been asked about regularly, but am undecided in the direction to take and generally recommend insulin pumps that the user decide for themselves. My personal preference is to do cardio with a fan focused on me for 30-35 minutes at a insulin pumps relatively high intensity. This is an area for personal preference; barring other considerations, just see if you can handle it or not and go from there. Always be ready
to stop if you feel yourself getting extremely overheated or weak.
Diet - One may wonder why this insulin pumps issue receives such limited attention; after all, most methods of fat loss require a restrictive insulin pumps diet of some nature. However, there is no set diet that one must use to achieve good results with dinitrophenol, insulin pumps only certain factors that allow the user to decide intelligently how to eat:
Your dermatologist must have written information about pregnancy and contraception for the users of Roaccutane which he / she should share with
you. If you have not seen this material yet, please ask your doctor.
T Vitis insulin pumps (o.c.) 10, 25 mg/ml; Neopharma G
How it works:
by Damian Bachs
As for insulin pumps the dosage, one should be very careful since Cytomel is a very strong and highly effective thyroid hormone. It is extremely impor?tant insulin pumps that one begins with a low dosage, increasing it slowly and evenly over the course of several days. Most athletes begin by tak?ing one 25 mcg tablet per day and increasing this dosage every three to four days by one additional tablet.
A dose higher than 100 mcg/ day is not necessary and not advisable. It is not recommended that the insulin pumps daily dose be taken all at once but broken down into three smaller individual doses so that insulin pumps they become more effective. It is also impor?tant that Cytomel not be taken for more than insulin pumps six weeks. At least two months of abstinence from the drug needs to follow. Those who take high dosages of Cytomel over a long period of time are at risk insulin pumps of developing a chronic thyroid insufficiency. As a consequence, the athlete might be forced to take thyroid medication for the
rest of his life. It is also important that the dosage is reduced slowly and evenly by taking fewer insulin pumps tablets and not be ended abruptly. Those who plan to take Cytomel should first consult a physician insulin pumps in order to be sure that no thyroid hyper function exists.
Effective Dose: 1500-2500IU per week.
Introduction/History insulin pumps
T Jenapharm (o.c.) 25 mg/ml; Jenapharm G
World wide "Deca" is one of the most widely used anabolic steroids. Its popularity is due to the simple fact that it exhibits many very favorable
properties. Structurally nandrolone is very similar to testosterone, although it lacks a carbon atom at the insulin pumps 19th position (hence its other name 19-nortestosterone). The resulting structure is a steroid that exhibits insulin pumps much weaker androgenic properties than testosterone. Of primary interest is the fact that nandrolone insulin pumps will not break down to a more potent metabolite in androgen target tissues. You may remember this is a significant insulin pumps problem with testosterone. Although nandrolone does undergo reduction via the same (5-alpha reductase) enzyme that produces DHT from
testosterone, the result in this case is dihydronandrolone. This metabolite is weaker than the parent nandroloness, insulin pumps and is far less likely to cause unwanted androgenic side effects. Strong occurrences of oily skin, acne, body/facial insulin pumps hair growth and hair loss occur very rarely. It is however possible for androgenic activity insulin pumps to become apparent with this as any steroid, but with nandrolone higher than normal doses are usually responsible. insulin pumps
Some side effects can be serious. The following symptoms are uncommon, but if you experience any of them, call your
doctor immediately: swelling of the hands, feet, ankles, or lower legs, breathing problems, especially during sleep, erections that happen too often insulin pumps or that last too long, difficulty urinating, frequent urination, especially at night, upset stomach, vomiting, insulin pumps yellow or darkened skin.
Effective Dose: 150-250mg per week
Oxandrolone does insulin pumps not aromatize or convert to DHT, and has a longer half life than Dianabol - 8 hours vs. 4 hours. Thus, a moderate dose taken in the morning is largely out of the system by night, yet supplies reasonable
levels of androgen during the day and early evening.
The safety and efficacy of Xenical insulin pumps in pediatric patients have not been established.
For example, one might use the HCG for two to insulin pumps three weeks in the middle of a cycle, and for two or three weeks at the end of a cycle. It has been speculated that the prolonged insulin pumps use of HCG could repress the body’s own production of gonadotropins permanently. This is why the short cycles are insulin pumps the best way to go.
Product Description: Testosterone Heptylate
Male athletes also find
Clomid interesting. In men using Clomid, the elevation in both follicle stimulating hormone and (primarily) luteinizing insulin pumps hormone will cause natural testosterone production to increase. This effect is especially beneficial insulin pumps to the athlete at the conclusion of a steroid cycle when endogenous testosterone levels are depressed. If endogenous testosterone insulin pumps levels are not brought beck to normal, a dramatic loss in size and strength is likely to occur once the anabolics have been removed. Clomid can play a crucial role in preventing this crash in athletic performance.
This preparation is designed solely for parenteral use only after addition of drugs that require dilution or must insulin pumps be dissolved in an aqueous vehicle prior to injection, such as hGH and hCG
Pregnyl by insulin pumps Organon.1,500 to 5,000 (International Units) per 1ml amps. This drug is not a steroid but it is widely used in athletics today. HCG is a natural protein insulin pumps hormone secreted by the human placenta and purified form the urine of pregnant women. This hormone is not a natural male hormone but mimics the natural
hormone LH (Luetinising Hormone) almost identically. This LH stimulates the production of testosterone insulin pumps by the testis in males. Thus HCG sends the same message and results in increased testosterone production by the testis insulin pumps due to HCG’s effect on the leydig cells of the testis. Normally this HCG is used to treat women with certain ovarian disorders and it is used to stimulate insulin pumps the testis of men who may be hypogonadal. Athletes use HCG to increase the body’s own natural production of testosterone which is often depressed by long term steroid use. Also when steroids
are used in high dosages they can cause false signals to the hypothalamus that results in a depressed signal to the testicles. insulin pumps Over a period of weeks of this depressed signal the testicles ability to respond to any signal from the pituitary becomes insulin pumps very weak, which results in testicular atrophy. To avoid this athletes will use HCG to keep an artificial signal insulin pumps going to the testis and preventing testicular atrophy.
Andriol, is a unique version of testosterone undecanoate developed by Organon. This version of testosterone is based in oil and is
sealed in a capsule to be taken orally. According to the manufacturer, this method bypasses the liver and enters the body insulin pumps as a fat through the lymphatic system. In theory this seems quite interesting, however, athletes find Organon's claims don't hold up well. In doses insulin pumps of less than 240mg per day effects are generally non-existent. With higher doses, effects are small at best. This leads one to insulin pumps think most of the steroid is not making it to circulation. Generally, steroid users experienced with any strong anabolics will be disappointed with Andriol's results.
Combined with other anabolics it may lend some effectiveness but should be questioned.
Faster wound insulin pumps healing
In some cases, women have had virilization problems with oral Winstrol at only 2 mg/day. Thus, it cannot insulin pumps be assumed that even a single tab per day is necessarily safe for all women concerned insulin pumps about maintaining their natural voice, avoiding hirsutism, etc.
Also known as: Finaject, Finajet, Finaplix, Revalor, Trenbol, Trenabol. insulin pumps
Cialis ® contains lactose and should not be taken by patients with rare hereditary
problems of galactose intolerance, the Lapp lactase deficiency or glucose-galactose malabsorption.
Concurrent use of insulin pumps isoniazid, INH and diazepam can increase serum concentrations of diazepam due to alterations in the half-life and clearance of diazepam. insulin pumps Although patient response to diazepam has not been reported, patients should be observed for signs of altered diazepam effects if insulin pumps isoniazid therapy is initiated or discontinued.
If you have kidney disease, liver disease, glaucoma, gallstones, epilepsy (or any other seizure disorder),
history of stroke, heart problems, or high blood pressure talk to your doctor. You may not be able to take insulin pumps Reductil or you may require a dosage adjustment. Also, DO NOT take Reductil without first consulting insulin pumps with your doctor if you are pregnant or nursing.
Increased exercise performance insulin pumps
Being a strong androgen, we can expect the typical side effects. This includes oily skin, acne body/facial hair growth and premature insulin pumps balding. The addition of Proscar/Propecia should be able to minimize such side effects, as it will limit the testosterone
to DHT (dihydrotestosterone) conversion process. Sustanon will also suppress natural testosterone production rather quickly. The use insulin pumps of HCG (human chorionic gonadotropin) and/or Clomid (clomiphene citrate)/Nolvadex (tamoxifen citrate) may be necessary at the conclusion of a cycle insulin pumps in order to avoid a hormonal crash. Remember though, Sustanon will remain active in the body for up to a month insulin pumps after your last injection was given. Beginning you ancillary drug therapy immediately after the steroid has been discontinued will not be very effective. Instead,
HCG or Clomid/Nolvadex should be delayed two or three weeks, until you are near the point where blood androgen levels are dropping significantly.
Warning! If your erection lasts longer insulin pumps than 4 hours (priapism), consult a doctor immediately. Treatment of this condition should not be delayed more than 6 hours, as this can cause damage insulin pumps to the erectile tissue in the penis and irreversible erectile dysfunction. Regular check-ups with your doctor are recommended
to detect any signs of fibrous tissue formation in the penis. Do not use this medicine more than once a day and insulin pumps no more than three times a week. Re-constituted solutions of alprostadil are for single insulin pumps use only. Any remaining solution should be discarded carefully, as instructed by your doctor, and not be kept for a second injection. insulin pumps This medicine will not prevent pregnancy and a reliable form of contraception should be used by couples who do not wish to conceive. Follow the printed instructions you have been given with this medicine. This medicine will not
protect you or your partner from sexually transmitted diseases. Using a condom can provide this protection. This is particularly insulin pumps important since the injection can cause bleeding, which increases the risk of disease transmission. Use with caution if you insulin pumps have a history of Blood clotting disorders. Coronary artery disease. Heart failure. Drug dependence insulin pumps or abuse. Psychiatric illness. Small temporary strokes (transient ischaemic attacks). Lung disease. insulin pumps Not to be used in Children. Conditions in which sexual activity is not advisable, for example severe heart disorders.
Conditions such as sickle cell disease, bone cancer or leukaemia in which there is an increased risk of prolonged erections (priapism). insulin pumps Men who have an implant in their penis. Physical abnormality of the penis, such as severe curvature, insulin pumps scarring or Peyronie's disease. Women. This medicine should not be used if you are allergic to one or any of its ingredients. insulin pumps Please inform your doctor or pharmacist if you have previously experienced such an allergy. If you feel you have experienced an allergic reaction, stop using this medicine and inform your doctor
or pharmacist immediately. Side effects Medicines and their possible side effects can affect individual people in different ways. The insulin pumps following are some of the side effects that are known to be associated with this medicine. Because a side effect is stated insulin pumps here, it does not mean that all people using this medicine will experience that or any side effect. insulin pumps Pain in the penis. Blood clots which form a solid swelling at the injection site (haematoma). Formation of fibrous tissue within the penis. Persistent painful erection of the penis (priapism). Redness, swelling
or itching at the injection site. Tightening of the foreskin. Pain in the testicles. insulin pumps Inflammation of the end of the penis (balanitis). Yeast infection. Urethral bleeding. Urgent need to pass urine. Abnormal insulin pumps ejaculation. Low blood pressure (hypotension). Abnormal heart beats (arrhythmias). The side effects listed above may not include insulin pumps all of the side effects reported by the drug's manufacturer. For more information about any other possible risks associated with this medicine, please read the information provided with the medicine or consult your doctor or
pharmacist. How can this medicine affect other medicines? This medicine should not be used with any other treatment for erectile insulin pumps dysfunction. People taking medicines to prevent the blood clotting (anticoagulants), such as warfarin and heparin, may have an increased risk of bleeding insulin pumps after the injection.
For athletes a disadvantage of tamoxifen is that it can weaken the anabolic effect insulin pumps of some steroids. The reason is that Nolvadex reduces the estrogen level. The fact is, however, that certain steroids, especially the various testosterone compounds,
can only achieve their full effect if the estrogen level is sufficiently high. Athletes who predominantly use mild steroids such as Primobolan, Winstrol, insulin pumps Oxandrolone, and Deca-Durabolin should carefully consider whether or not they should take Nolvadex since, due to the compound's already moderate insulin pumps anabolic effect, an additional loss of effect could take place, leading to unsatisfying results.
Roaccutane is generally used in the treatments of acne by reducing the natural oil (sebum) that the insulin pumps skin produces. The active ingredient of the capsules is Isotretinoin. Isotretinoin is a derivate of vitamin A and member of a medicine group called insulin pumps as retinoids.
Testosterone propionate is a male sexual hormone with pronounced, mainly androgenic action, insulin pumps possessing the biological and therapeutic properties of the natural hormone. In a healthy male organism, androgens are formed by the testes and adrenal cortex. It is normally produced in
women in small physiological quantities. In addition to the specific action that determines the sexual characteristics of insulin pumps the individual, it also has a general anabolic action, manifested in enhancement of protein synthesis. insulin pumps Under the effect of testosterone, body weight increases and urea excretion is reduced. High insulin pumps doses suppress the production of hypophyseal gonadotropin, while low doses stimulate it. It has an antitumor effect on mammary gland metastases.
Theoretically, Restandol (Andriol) should build up muscle and mass, in combination with noticeable
water retention, in a fast and reliable way, similar to the tested injectable Testosterone Sustanon and Testoviron Depot. insulin pumps Unfortunately, this is not the case. Some athletes who work out for a competition store insulin pumps too much water due to their use of the injectable testosterone, resulting in smooth muscles. However, insulin pumps if they still do not want to give up Testo, they should at least not have the estrogen-linked complications insulin pumps caused by taking up to 240 mg Restandol (Andriol)/day and be able to reduce the water retention. In this phase, the estrogen level must
be kept as low as possible, otherwise the best diet will be useless. The intake of Restandol (Andriol) makes sense in this case and usually insulin pumps brings acceptable results. Otherwise, Restandol (Andriol) is a drug better used by hobby-bodybuilders.
Oxanadrolone is an oral drug for promoting weight gain in humans experiencing atrophy of the insulin pumps muscles including HIV and other muscle wasting ailments.
Day 4: 100 mcg
The half-life of Dianabol is only about 3 to 4 hours,
a relatively short time. This means that a single daily dosage schedule will produce a varying blood level, with ups and downs throughout the day. The insulin pumps user likewise has a choice, to either split up the tablets during the day or to take them all at one time. The usual recommendation has been to insulin pumps divide them and try to regulate the concentration in your blood. This however, will produce a lower peak blood level insulin pumps than if the tablets were taken all at once, so there may be a trade off with this option. The steroid researcher Bill Roberts also points out that a single-episode
dosing schedule should have a less dramatic impact on the hypothalamic-pituitary-testicular axis, as there insulin pumps is a sufficient period each day where steroid hormone levels are not extremely exaggerated. insulin pumps I tend to doubt hormonal stability can be maintained during such a cycle however, but do notice that anecdotal evidence often still insulin pumps supports single daily doses to be better for overall results. Perhaps this is the better option. Since we know the blood concentration will peak about 1.5 to 3 hours after administration, we may further wonder the best
time to take our tablets. It seems logical that taking the pills earlier in the day, preferably some time before training, insulin pumps would be optimal. This would allow a considerable number of daytime hours for an androgen rich metabolism to heighten the uptake insulin pumps of nutrients, especially the critical hours following training.
Generic Name: methenolone enanthate
For men the usual dosage insulin pumps is 25-50 mg per day for the tablets, for women 5-10 mg tablets per day, length of use should be kept to 5 -8 weeks.
Common dosage of clenbuterol is 5-7
tablets, 100-140 mcg per day. For women 80-100 mcg/day are usually sufficient. It is important insulin pumps to begin by taking only one tablet on the first day and then increasing the dosage by one tablet insulin pumps each of the following days until the desired maximum dosage is reached.
Trenabol 200 is a long-acting injectable insulin pumps steroid with a great effect on protein metabolism. Trenbolone is one of the best effective anabolic compounds, promoting protein synthesis, as well as creating a positive nitrogen balance. It is an appetite stimulant and improves the conversion
of proteins. In laboratory tests, it has been demonstrated that trenbolone increases protein and decreases fat deposition. It has proven to be an excellent insulin pumps product for promoting size and strength in the presence of adequate protein and calories, promotes body tissue insulin pumps building processes, and can reverse catabolism. Due to its particular ester, trenbolone enanthate is slower-acting than insulin pumps trenbolone acetate and faster acting than trenbolone hexahydrobenzylcarbonate. Based on its molecular structure, trenabol enanthate is theoretically stronger than either trenbolone
acetate or trenbolone hexahydrobenzylcarbonate.
Testex (o.c.) 50, 100 mg/ml; Pasadena U.S.
8.8% increase insulin pumps in muscle mass on average after six months, without exercise
An effective daily dose for athletes is 15-40 mg/day. The dosage of insulin pumps dianabol taken by the athlete should always be coordinated with his individual goals. Steroid novices do insulin pumps not need more than 15-20 mg of dianabol per day which is sufficient to achieve exceptional results.
Muscle Soreness - This is yet another thing that may be minimized via cerebral
function. Dan Duchaine has recommended using a weight such as to allow no fewer than 15 reps per set of any weight training workout; judging insulin pumps from anecdotal reports and personal experience, this seems to be good advice. Low levels of ATP are a cause of insulin pumps muscle soreness in and of itself; the additional factor of encumbered recovery mechanisms make extreme soreness (and if not careful, insulin pumps catabolism) quite possible.
Boldenone is very common in the precontest arena for two main reasons. First off, there is a low amount of aromitization and secondly there
is very little water retention while taking Boldenone (Equipoise). This makes Boldenone (Equipoise) a good precontest steroid. insulin pumps Boldenone is well known to give a good increase in the pumps you get while working out. insulin pumps This is caused from the increase in red blood cells that you will experience while taking Boldenone. It is insulin pumps also well known to help cause a dramatic increase in appetite. When taken with a good mass building steroid like Dianabol, this is a sure formula for successful gains in muscle mass.
For females only:
that the IGF-I expression promotes an average increase of 15% in muscle mass and a 14% increase in strength insulin pumps in young adult mice (Figure 1), and remarkably, prevents aging-related muscle changes in old adult mice, resulting in a 27% increase in strength insulin pumps as compared with uninjected old muscles (Figure 2). Muscle mass and fiber type distributions insulin pumps were maintained at levels similar to those in young adults. These results suggest that gene transfer insulin pumps of IGF-I into muscle could form the basis of a human gene therapy for preventing the loss of muscle function associated
with aging and may be of benefit in diseases where the rate of damage to skeletal muscle is insulin pumps accelerated.
Drug Class: Highly Anabolic/Androgenic Steroid (Oral)
IGF-1 also acts as an endocrine insulin pumps growth factor having an anabolic effect on distant tissues once released into the blood stream by the liver. IGF-1 possesses the insulin-like property insulin pumps of inhibiting degradation, but in addition can stimulate protein synthesis. The insulin-like effects are probably due to the similarity of the signaling pathways between insulin and IGF-1 following
ligand binding at the receptors.
A Natural Method of Maintaining an Elevated Blood Insulin Level: insulin pumps
Phentermine Side Effects
Stanozolol, possible side effects
Conclusion insulin pumps
Liver Toxic: Yes
Viagra comes as a tablet to take it orally. It should be taken as needed insulin pumps about 1 hour before sexual activity. However, Viagra can be taken anytime from 4 hours to insulin pumps 30 minutes before sexual activity. Viagra should not be taken more than once a day. Do not take more or less of it or take it more often than
prescribed by your doctor.
Of course testosterone cypionate can be stacked with any number of compounds apart from insulin pumps these, but these make the best match. When stacking with testosterone, one needs to look at what the other compound insulin pumps can bring. Either it has a characteristic that testosterone doesn't have, or its nominally safer. The testosterone will bring all the insulin pumps mass, so adding another steroid to enhance mass alone, is futile. More testosterone is the best remedy for that.
Stanozolol is a derivative of dihydrotestosterone, although
its activity is much milder than this androgen in nature. While dihydrotestosterone really only provides androgenic side effects when insulin pumps administered, stanozolol instead provides quality muscle growth. The anabolic properties insulin pumps of stanozolol are still mild in comparison to many stronger compounds, but it is still insulin pumps a reliable builder. Its efficacy as an anabolic could even be comparable to Dianabol, however insulin pumps stanozolol does not carry with it the same tendency for water retention. Stanozolol also contains the same c17 methylation we see with Dianabol, an alteration
used so that oral administration is possible.
Stanabol 50, known also as Winstrol Depot or Stanozolol, insulin pumps is a very effective steroid when used correctly. It is important to distinguish between the insulin pumps two different forms of administration of stanozolol, since the injectable Winstrol Depot is distinctly more effective than insulin pumps the oral Winstrol. What is special about the injectable Winstrol Depot is that its substance is dissolved in water which means insulin pumps that Winstrol Depot must be injected much more frequently than the oil-dissolved steroids. Active ingredient
Stanozolol prevents Winstrol Depot from aromatizing into estrogens with water retention occurring only rarely, thus giving it a clear insulin pumps role in bodybuilding: preparation for a competition. Winstrol Depot, however, is not only especially suited during preparation insulin pumps for a competition but also in a gaining phase. Since it does not cause water retention rapid weight gains with Winstrol insulin pumps Depot are very rare. However, a solid muscle gain and an over proportionally strong strength increase occur, usually remaining after use of the compound is discontinued. Bodybuilders
who want to build up strength and mass often combine Winstrol Depot with Dianabol, Anadrol 50, Testosterone esters or Deca-Durabolin.
- If you have hypervitaminosis A ( having high levels of vitamin A in your body).
Mesterolone (Proviron)reduces insulin pumps either levels of estrogen or the effect of estrogen. Thus, it is useful for avoiding insulin pumps gynecomastia, although it probably should not be relied upon as the sole drug for insulin pumps that. It is not hepatotoxic. It has the usual side effects of anabolic/androgenic steroids, with the added effect that
The duration of intake usually depends on the athlete's financial resources. Our experience insulin pumps is that STH is taken over a prolonged period, from at least six weeks to several months. It is interesting to note that the effect of STH does not stop after a few weeks; this usually allows for continued
improvements at a steady dosage. Bodybuilders who have had positive results with STH have reported that the build-up strength insulin pumps and, in particular, the newly-gained muscle system were essentially maintained after discontinuance of insulin pumps the product. It remains to be clarified what happens with the insulin and LT-3 thyroid hormone. Athletes who take STH insulin pumps in their build-up phase usually do not need exogenous insulin. It is recommended, in this case, that the athlete eats a complete meal every three hours, resulting in 6-7 meals day. This causes the body to continuously
release insulin so that the blood sugar level does not fall too low. The use of LT-3 thyroid hormones, in this phase, is carried out reluctantly insulin pumps by athletes. In any case, you must have a physician check the thyroid hormone level during insulin pumps the intake of STH. Simultaneous use of anabolic /androgenic steroids and/or Clenbuterol is usually appropriate. During the preparation insulin pumps for a competition the use of thyroid hormones steadily inereases. Sometimes insulin is insulin pumps taken together with STH, as well as with steroids and Clenbuterol. Apart from the high damage potential
that exogenous insulin can have in non-diabetics, incorrect use will simply and plainly insulin pumps make you "FAT! Too much insulin activates certain enzymes which convert glucose into glycerol and finally into triglyceride. Too little insulin pumps insulin, especially during a diet, reduces the anabolic effect of STH. The solution to insulin pumps this dilemma? Visiting a qualified physician who advises the athlete during this undertaking and who, in the event of insulin pumps exogenous insulin supply, checks the blood sugar level and urine periodically. According to what we have heard so far, athletes
usually inject intermediately-effective insulin having a maximum duration of effect of 24 insulin pumps hours once a day. Human insulin such as Depot-H-Insulin Hoechst is generally used. Briefly-effective insulin pumps insulin with a maximum duration of effect of eight hours is rarely used by athletes. Again a human insulin such as H-Insulin Hoechst is preferred. insulin pumps The undesired effect of growth hormones, the so-called side effects, are also a very interesting and hotly-discussed issue. Above all it must be insulin pumps said: STH has none of the typical side effects of anabolic/androgenic steroids including
reduced endogenous testosterone production, acne, hair loss, aggressiveness, elevated estrogen level, virilization symptoms insulin pumps in women, and increased water and salt retention. The main side effects that are possible with STH are an abnormally small concentration insulin pumps of glucose in the blood (hypoglycemia) and an inadequate thyroid function. In some cases antibodies against insulin pumps growth hormones are developed but are clinically irrelevant. What about the horror stories about acromegaly, bone deformation, heart enlargement, organ conditions, gigantism, and early death?
In order to answer this question a clear differentiation must be made between humans insulin pumps before and after puberty. The growth plates in a person continue to grow in length until puberty. After puberty neither an endogenous hypersection insulin pumps of growth hormones nor an excessive exogenous supply of STH can cause additional insulin pumps growth in the length of the bones. Abnormal size (gigantism) initially goes hand in hand with remarkable insulin pumps body strength and muscular hardness in the afflicted; later, if left untreated, it ends in weakness and death. Again, this is only possible in
pre-pubescent humans who also suffer from an inadequate gonadal function (hypogonadism). Humans who suffer from an endogenous hypersecrehon after insulin pumps puberty and whose normal growth is completed can also suffer from acromegaly. Bones become wider but not longer. There is a progressive growth insulin pumps in the hands and feet and enlargement of features due to the growth of the lower jaw and nose. insulin pumps What the authorities like to do now is to present extreme cases of athletes suffering from these malfunctions in order to discourage others and to drum into athletes the fact that
with the exogenous supply of growth hormones they would suffer the same destiny. This, insulin pumps however, is very unlikely, as reality has proven. Among the numerous athletes using STH comparatively insulin pumps few are seven feet tall Neanderthalers with a protruded lower jaw, deformed skull, claw like hands, thick lips, and prominent insulin pumps bone plates who walk around in size 25 shoes. In order to avoid any misunderstandings, we do not want to disguise the possible risks of exogenous STH use in adults and healthy humans, but one should at least try to be openminded. Acromegaly, diabpetes,
thyroid insuficiency, heart muscle hypertrophy, high blood ressure, and enlargement of the kidneys are theoretically possible if STH is used excessively insulin pumps over prolonged periods of time; however, in reality and particularly when it comes to the external attributes, these insulin pumps are rarely present. Some athletes report headaches, nausea, vomiting, and visual disturbances during the first weeks of intake. These symptoms insulin pumps disappear in most cases even with continued intake. The most common problems with STH occur when the athlete intends to inject insulin in addition
to STH. The substance somatropin is available as a dried powder and before injecting it must be insulin pumps mixed with the enclosed solution-containing ampule. The ready solution must be injected immediately or stored in the refrigerator for up to insulin pumps 24 hours. It is usually recommended that the compound be stored in the refrigerator. With the exception of the remedy Saizen insulin pumps the biological activity of growth hormones is usually not impaired when storing the dry substance at 15-25 C (room insulin pumps temperature); however, a cooler place (2-8? C) is preferable.On the black market the price
for 4 I.U. each of the compounds Genotropin, Humatrope, Norditropin, and Saizen, in Europpe is $80-120 for a prick-through vial including the insulin pumps solution ampule. As already mentioned, there are many fakes. It is noted that for the U.S.-American growth hormones compounds, the insulin pumps substance content is not given in I.U.(International Units) but in mg (milligrams).
DO NOT take insulin pumps Reductil if you have taken monoamine oxidase inhibitors within the past 14 days such as insulin pumps isocarboxazid (Marplan), tranylcypromine (Parnate), or phenelzine (Nardil).
with a low G.I. produce a slower, smaller but more sustained increase in blood glucose levels. Examples of such low G.I. foods insulin pumps are pasta, varieties of high amylose rice, barley, instant noodles, oats, heavy grain breads, lentils, insulin pumps and many fruits such as apples and dried apricots. Low G.I foods are advantageous if consumed at least two hours before an event. This insulin pumps gives time for this food to be emptied from the stomach into the small intestine. Since these foods are digested and absorbed slowly from the gastro-intestinal tract, they continue to provide glucose
to muscle cells for a longer period of time than moderate or high G.I. foods, particularly towards the end insulin pumps of an event when muscle glycogen stores may be running low. In this way, low G.I. foods can increase a person's insulin pumps exercise endurance and prolong the time before exhaustion sets in.
Generic Name: Anastrozole
In fact, insulin pumps I´ll go so far as to say that if you don´t want to do any shots (injections) during your Post-Cycle-Therapy (PCT), Teslac may be perfect for you, since it will raise LH as well as HCG in most cases! And it
has the added benefit of not desensitizing your leydig cells as much as HCG has the potential to do. Another insulin pumps important benefit of using Teslac over HCG during your PCT is that HCG actually may raise insulin pumps estrogen levels and/or act as an estrogen in certain tissues (8) (9), while we know that Teslac lowers estrogen levels and acts as (of course) an androgen. insulin pumps
Sexual activity carries a possible risk to patients with heart disease because it puts an extra strain on your heart. If you have a heart problem you should tell your doctor. The following are reasons
why Cialis ® may also not be suitable for you. If any of them apply to you, talk to your doctor before you insulin pumps take the medicine:
In the human body growth hormone is produced by the pituitary gland. It exists at especially high levels during adolescence insulin pumps when it promotes the growth of tissues, protein deposition and the breakdown of subcutaneous fat stores. Upon maturation endogenous insulin pumps levels of GH decrease, but remain present in the body at a substantially lower level. In the body the actual structure of growth hormone is a sequence of 191
amino acids. Once scientists isolated this hormone, many became convinced it would exhibit exceptional therapeutic properties. It would insulin pumps be especially effective in cases of pituitary deficient dwarfism, the drug perhaps restoring much linear growth if administered during adolescence. insulin pumps
Molecular weight of ester: 132.1184 (cypionic acid, 8 carbons)
What is Human Growth insulin pumps Hormone?
Leo: Testex Leo Prolongatum (ES) - 50 or 125 mg/ml
Although this steroid is strongly androgenic, the anabolic effect of it is considered too
This description was taken directly from Brian Raupp's
Anabolix Research page since this drug is so dangerous and his description is by far
the most comprehensive that I have found on the internet.
Insulin is a hormone produced in the pancreas which helps to regulate glucose
levels in the body. Medically, it is typically used in the treatment of diabetes.
Recently insulin has become quite popular among bodybuilders due to the anabolic effect
it can offer. With well-timed injections, insulin will help to bring glycogen and
other nutrients to the muscles.
In America, regular human insulin is available without a prescription by the name
of Humulin R by Eli Lilly and Company. It costs about $20 for a 10 ml vial with a
strength of 100 IU per ml. Eli Lilly and Company also produces 5 other insulin formulations,
but none of these should be used by bodybuilders. Humulin R is the safest because
it takes effect quickly and has the shortest duration of activity. The other insulin
formulations remain active for a longer time period and can put the user in an unexpected
state of hypoglycemia.
Hypoglycemia occurs when blood glucose levels are too low. It is a commonand potentially
fatal reaction experienced by insulin users. Before an athlete begins taking insulin,
it is critical that he understands the warning signs and symptoms of hypoglycemia.
The following is a list of symptoms which may indicate a mild to moderate hypoglycemia:
hunger, drowsiness, blurred vision, depressive mood, dizziness, sweating, palpitation,
tremor, restlessness, tingling in the hands, feet, lips, or tongue, lightheadedness,
inability to concentrate, headache, sleep disturbances, anxiety, slurred speech, irritability,
abnormal behavior, unsteady movement, and personality changes. If any of these warning
signs should occur, an athlete should immediately consume a food or drink containing
sugar such as a candy bar or carbohydrate drink. This will treat a mild to moderate
hypoglycemia and prevent a severe state of hypoglycemia. Severe hypoglycemia is a
serious condition that may require medical attention. Symptoms include disorientation,
seizure, unconsciousness, and death.
Insulin is used in a wide variety of ways. Most athletes choose to use it immediately
after a workout. Dosages used are usually 1 IU per 10-20 pounds of lean bodyweight.
First-time users should start at a low dosage and gradually work up. For example,
first begin with 2 IU and then increase the dosage by 1 IU every consecutive workout.
This will allow the athlete to safely determine a dosage. Insulin dosages can vary
significantly among athletes and are dependent upon insulin sensitivity and the use
of other drugs. Athletes using growth hormone and thyroid will have higher insulin
requirements, and therefore, will be able to handle higher dosages.
Humilin R should be injected subcutaneously only with a U-100 insulin syringe.
Insulin syringes are available without a prescription in many states. If the athlete
can not purchase the syringes at a pharmacy, he can mail order them or buy them on
the black market. Using a syringe other than a U-100 is dangerous since it will be
difficult to measure out the correct dosage. Subcutaneous insulin injections are usually
given by pinching a fold of skin in the abdomen area. To speed up the effect of the
insulin, many athletes will inject their dose into the thigh or triceps.
Most athletes will bring their insulin with them to the gym. Insulin should be
refrigerated, but it is all right to keep it in a gym bag as long as it is kept away
from excessive heat. Immediately after a workout, the athlete will inject his dosage
of insulin. Within the next fifteen minutes, he should have a carbohydrate drink such
as Ultra Fuel by Twinlab. The athlete should consume at least 10 grams of carbohydrates
for every 1 IU of insulin injected. Most athletes will also take creatine monohydrate
with their carbohydrate drink since the insulin will help to force the creatine into
the muscles. An hour or so after injecting insulin, most athletes will eat a meal
or consume a protein shake. The carbohydrate drink and meal/protein shake are necessary.
Without them, blood sugar levels will drop dangerously low and the athlete will most
likely go into a state of hypoglycemia.
Many athletes will get sleepy after injecting insulin. This may be a symptom of
hypoglycemia, and an athlete should probably consume more carbohydrates. Avoid the
temptation to go to bed since the insulin may take its peak effect during sleep and
significantly drop glucose levels. Being unaware of the warning signs during his slumber,
the athlete is at a high risk of going into a state of severe hypoglycemia without
anyone realizing it. Humulin R usually remains active for only 4 hours with a peak
at about two hours after injecting. An athlete would be wise to stay up for the 4
hours after injecting.
Rather than waiting to the end of a workout, many athletes prefer to inject their
insulin dosage 30 minutes before their training session is over and then consume a
carbohydrate drink immediately following the workout. This will make the insulin more
efficient at bringing glycogen to the muscles, but it will also increase the danger
of hypoglycemia. Some athletes will even inject a few IUs before lifting to improve
their pump. This practice is extremely risky and best left to athletes with experience
using insulin. Finally, some athletes like to inject insulin upon waking in the morning.
After the injection, they will consume a carbohydrate drink and then have breakfast
within the next hour. Some athletes find this application of insulin very beneficial
for putting on mass, while others will tend to put on excess fat using insulin in
Insulin use can not be detected during a drug test. For this reason, along with
the fact that it is cheap and readily available, insulin has become a popular drug
among the competitive athlete. However, before an athlete attempts to use insulin,
he should educate himself and make himself aware of the consequences. One mistake
in dosage or diet can be potentially fatal.
Effective Dose: 1IU per 10-20 lbs. of body weight.
The Physiological Role of Insulin in the Body:
Insulin is a hormone which is manufactured in the pancreas and which has a number
of important physiological actions in the body. It is an essential hormone in maintaining
the body's blood glucose level so that the brain, muscles, heart and other tissues
are adequately supplied with the fuel they require for normal cellular metabolism
and normal function. Insulin also plays an essential role in fat and protein metabolism.
For example, it promotes transport of amino acids from the bloodstream into muscle
and other cells. Within these cells, insulin increases the rate of incorporation of
amino acids into protein (amino acids are the building blocks of protein) and reduces
protein break down in the body ("catabolism"). These physiological actions
probably form the basis of speculation regarding the additional anabolic gains which
might be made through the use of exogenously administered insulin.
Normally, blood glucose and blood insulin levels are not both elevated for any
extended period of time as these two chemicals influence each other through a feedback
system in the body. In the post-absorptive state, the blood insulin concentration
tends to decrease during exercise, allowing the blood glucose to be maintained at
or above resting levels and to provide increased energy supplies (fuel) to muscle
cells. Following a meal, the blood glucose and amino acid levels rise (the absorptive
state) and this triggers an increase in insulin release from the pancreas, driving
glucose and amino acids from the blood into cells and maintaining the blood glucose
level within a certain physiological (operating) range.
Intending users should also be aware that insulin stimulates lipid (fat) synthesis
from carbohydrate ("lipogenesis"), decreases fatty acid release from tissues
("lipolysis") and leads to a net increase in total body lipid stores. The
development of such increased body fat stores runs counter to the training goals of
most body builders, athletes and those seeking to improve their physical appearance.
In striving to become bigger, stronger, more competitive or more physically attractive
you should also remember that no matter what you do, your genetic make-up will have
an influence on what you are able to achieve. It is important to realize that you
cannot look exactly like the role model you admire because you have inherited a different
set of genes.
The Glycemic Index Factor:
Scientists have discovered that carbohydrate containing foods can be measured
and ranked on the basis of the rate and level of blood glucose increase they cause
when eaten. This measurement is called the "Glycemic Index" or "G.I.
factor". The rate at which glucose enters the bloodstream affects the insulin
response to that food and ultimately affects the rate at which this glucose (fuel)
is made available to exercising muscles.
Low G.I. foods are those measuring less than 50 on a scale of 1-100. Moderate
G.I. foods are those with a reading of 50-70 and high G.I. foods are those measuring
71 or greater on this scale. Pure glucose has a G.I. of 100.
Foods which have a high G.I. produce a rapid increase in blood glucose and blood
insulin levels. Examples of such high G.I. foods are potatoes, ice cream, many cereals
particularly those with a high sugar content, some varieties of rice (e.g. Calrose)
Foods with an moderate G.I. include some brands of muesli, some varieties of rice,
white or brown bread, honey and some cereals.
Foods with a low G.I. produce a slower, smaller but more sustained increase in
blood glucose levels. Examples of such low G.I. foods are pasta, varieties of high
amylose rice, barley, instant noodles, oats, heavy grain breads, lentils, and many
fruits such as apples and dried apricots. Low G.I foods are advantageous if consumed
at least two hours before an event. This gives time for this food to be emptied from
the stomach into the small intestine. Since these foods are digested and absorbed
slowly from the gastro-intestinal tract, they continue to provide glucose to muscle
cells for a longer period of time than moderate or high G.I. foods, particularly towards
the end of an event when muscle glycogen stores may be running low. In this way, low
G.I. foods can increase a person's exercise endurance and prolong the time before
exhaustion sets in.
High G.I. foods, preferably in the form of liquid foods or glucose drinks of approximately
6% in concentration, can enhance endurance during a very strenuous event lasting more
than 90 minutes. ("strenuous" being defined as an athlete exercising at
more than 65% of their maximum capacity). Some athletes may prefer food rather than
liquid replenishment. Miller suggests glucose enriched honey sandwiches, which
have a G.I. factor of 75 or jelly beans, which have a G.I. factor of 80.
Miller suggests that an athlete who is engaged in a prolonged strenuous event
should consume between 30 and 60 grams of carbohydrate per hour during the event.
High G.I. foods are also desirable after completing an exhausting sporting or
training event when muscle and liver glycogen stores have been depleted, as they provide
a rapidly absorbed source of glucose and stimulate insulin release from the pancreas.
This insulin in turn stimulates the absorption of glucose into liver and muscle cells
and its storage as hepatic and muscle glycogen, optimizing recovery and preparation
for the next training or competitive event.
It has been shown that greatest benefit can be had if an athlete consumes these
high G.I. carbohydrate foods as soon as possible after an event, preferably within
an hour or less. It is further recommended that a high carbohydrate intake be maintained
during the next 24 hours. Miller suggests eating at least one gram of carbohydrate
per kilogram body weight each 2 hours after prolonged heavy exercise and at least
10 grams of high G.I. carbohydrate per kilogram body weight over the 24 hour period
following this exercise.
For these reasons, an athlete who needs to maintain a high level of activity and
performance on consecutive days or more extended periods of time should eat large
amounts of high G.I. foods. However, a reasonable quantity of low G.I. carbohydrate
food should be consumed before an event in order to improve endurance.
A Natural Method of Maintaining an Elevated Blood Insulin Level:
Noting the hypothesis that an elevated blood insulin level may be of some advantage
to bodybuilders, Fahey and his colleagues (1993) undertook an experiment in which
they fed athletes a liquid meal of "Metabolol", which consisted of 13.0g
protein, 31.9g carbohydrate and 2.6g fat per 100ml and provided 825kJ of energy.
These researchers demonstrated that it is possible with such intermittent feeding
during intense weight training to maintain a person's blood glucose at or above resting
levels and at the same time, significantly increase insulin levels for the duration
of the workout. This suggests a potentially effective and safe non-drug method for
achieving a sustained elevation of blood insulin levels.
The authors of this research commented that "theoretically, this could provide
a biochemical environment conducive to accelerating the rate of muscle hypertrophy
and inhibiting protein degradation". However, the writer knows of no scientific
studies which support this theory.
It is also relevant to note that muscle repair and growth begins in the hours
and days following heavy exercise. It is doubtful that the use of insulin just prior
to a workout will have any anabolic effects over and above natural processes, at this
time. However, use of insulin prior to a workout will certainly expose you to much
greater risk of serious harm. If you believe it is beneficial to have a higher insulin
blood level during workouts, use the natural method outlined here.
Level of Risk Associated with Insulin Use:
The use of all drugs carries some risk along with potential or perceived benefits,
whether used for legitimate medical reasons or for other purposes. Insulin carries
some risk even when used by an insulin dependent diabetic, as demonstrated by the
observation that some diabetics run into difficulties with their treatment from time
to time and often require assistance to restabilize their medical condition and insulin
requirements. If used by a healthy non diabetic person in whom there is no natural
deficiency in insulin production or reduced insulin sensitivity and in the absence
of medical advice and monitoring, the risks may be substantially increased.
The major risk associated with insulin is a physical state known as hypoglycemia
or "low blood sugar". This occurs when the level of glucose in the blood
falls below a certain level required for normal body function. If the blood glucose
level is substantially reduced below this normal level and if this is not quickly
corrected, there is a risk of disorientation, collapse, coma, permanent brain damage
and even death. Exercise and reduced food intake decreases the body's need for insulin
and increases the risk of hypoglycemia associated with non-medical use of insulin.
It is difficult to provide a quantitative estimate of risk for any drug but on
a scale of risk in relation to other non-medical and unsanctioned drug use, the use
of insulin in this manner would rank towards the higher end of the scale. If zero
equals "no risk" of harm to a person's health and ten equals "extreme
risk", the use of anabolic steroids in a non-medical context might rate towards
the middle of the scale of risk (particularly in the medium to long term) whilst insulin
would rate higher. This level of risk associated with insulin use will depend on a
number of factors:
Whether the person is a diabetic or not: non-diabetics and lean healthy people
are more sensitive to the blood glucose lowering effects of insulin than diabetics;
Type of insulin: short acting insulin preparations are considerably safer than
long acting preparations because with short acting types, it is much easier to avoid
hypoglycemia with adequate food intake. With the non-medical use of longer acting
insulin preparations, a person is at real risk of experiencing hypoglycemia late in
the day, particularly in between meals, during or after exercise and when asleep.
Regardless of this advice, some people are in reality using a mixture of short and
long acting insulin preparations and exposing themselves to unnecessary increased
Food intake: the type and timing of food consumed, its glycemic index (the glucose
elevating effect) and the amount consumed;
Timing of insulin administration in relation to food intake and exercise;
Individual variation: two different people can respond in a very different way
to a given dose of insulin, even if they are of a similar height, weight and other
personal characteristics. The fact that a certain dose does not seem to cause a problem
for one person does not mean this will be so for another. In addition, the response
to insulin will also vary greatly within any one individual over time, according to
changes in one or more of the above noted factors.
5-10 Units of a short acting preparation may have little or no observable impact
on someone who eats a meal soon before or after but this dose could cause hypoglycemia
and collapse in a person who has not consumed adequate food in close proximity to
the time when the insulin begins to take effect (insulin starts to take effect within
5-10 minutes if injected by intra-muscular route and in 30-60 minutes if injected
by subcutaneous route). Foods with a high glycemic index will maintain the blood glucose
level for a short period of time, perhaps an hour or so whilst those with a low glycemic
index will provide for more sustained glucose levels. Risk Reduction Advice:
Given the risks of using insulin for non medical purposes, the best advice one
can give is not use it in this way. Even the body building magazines such as "Muscle
Media 2000" advise: "If you're thinking about using insulin, think twice
- it's really risky!"(3) However, if you are not persuaded by this advice and
are determined to pursue its use in the hope of achieving some additional anabolic
or other gains, you should take the following precautions:
Consider using the natural method of raising your blood insulin level during workouts
by consuming glucose containing fluids at intervals during exercise. These fluids
may have a protein sparing effect and at the same time, will help maintain keep your
blood glucose and blood insulin levels. However, if you decide to use insulin, you
should consider the following advice:
Always use insulin in the presence of someone else who knows about and understands
the exact risks of using insulin in this manner, so they are able to act quickly and
appropriately should something go wrong;
Always use a sterile needle and syringe every time and a clean injecting technique
(e.g. don't touch the needle or the skin where you are going to inject, with your
fingers and don't breathe on or cough over the injection site before or after injecting).
Be aware that 1.0 ml of insulin contains one hundred International Units (100 IU),
0.1 ml of insulin contains ten (10) IU and 0.01 ml contains one (1.0) IU. So take
care in measuring out your insulin ….it is very concentrated!
Note that 0.01 ml is the volume contained in the space between the smallest graduated
markings on a 1.0 ml Terumo diabetic syringe;
Inject by the subcutaneous route (injecting just under the skin and preferably
in the abdominal area or outer part of the upper thigh), not intramuscularly or intravenously
as using the latter routes can lead to a rapid rise in blood insulin level and a sudden
Alternate your injection sites in order to minimize tissue damage ("lipoatrophy"
Always use a short acting, "regular" insulin (e.g. Actrapid, Insulin
Neutral, Humulin R, Hypurin Neutral) rather than a longer acting insulin preparation
(e.g. Semilente, Lente or Ultralente);
Use a human insulin rather than an animal insulin preparation if possible (there
is little animal insulin available now);
Start with no more than 5 IU (0.05 ml) of this short acting/ regular insulin preparation
and increase the dose gradually over a period of one week, to a dose no higher than
20 IU (0.20 ml) per day. Doses above this will expose you to progressively greater
risk and most body builders who use insulin believe there is no advantage in taking
doses higher than this. Anecdotal evidence amongst bodybuilders suggests increased
doses leads to excess bodyfat accumulation.
The writer would caution against users falling into the trap of thinking: "If
20 units is good, 40 units will be twice as good" or "Joe says he injected
20 units and it didn't affect him, so it will be safe for me to inject 30 or 40 units".
All drugs have a therapeutic dose range and above this, may be toxic or even lethal.
If you are not diabetic, your body does not require additional insulin and there is
no therapeutic range for you. In addition, people are different and often respond
differently to drugs. An individual may also respond differently to the same drug
in the same dose at different times, depending on a wide range of factors such as
their general health, alcohol or other drugs taken, food eaten, exercise undertaken
before, during or after drug administration and so on.
Don't use a medium or long acting insulin in the middle or latter part of the
day, as you may very well experience a hypoglycemic attack whilst you are asleep.
If this happens, neither you nor anyone else will be aware of or able to respond to
your urgent need for glucose, in order to prevent possible serious harm.
Close attention to diet is extremely important in people using insulin, whether this
is for legitimate medical purposes or for other reasons. You can reduce your risk
by consuming an adequate amount and mixture of high and low G.I. carbohydrate foods
and drinks immediately after using insulin and at regular intervals (every 2-3 hours) throughout the day.
High G.I. carbohydrates (e.g. sweets, soft drinks and ice-cream) will raise your
blood sugar quickly and prevent early hypoglycemia. Low G.I. carbohydrates (e.g. white
pasta, high amylose rice, softened whole grain breads and instant noodles) are metabolized
more slowly and will keep your blood glucose level up over a more extended period
of time, when the medium acting insulin preparations begin to take effect;
55-65% of your total daily energy intake should be in the form of carbohydrates,
15-20% as protein and ~20% as fat. You should seek advice from a dietitian about your
daily requirements but most heavy training athletes need to consume between 3,000
and 5,500 Calories per day (depending on the sport and level of training) and between
450 and 800 grams of carbohydrate each day. If you are a body builder who weighs 100
kg and your total energy requirements are calculated to be 4,000 calories/ day, you
should aim to eat approximately 570 grams of carbohydrate each day. If your total
energy requirements are calculated to be 5,000 calories/ day, you should aim to eat
approximately 720 grams of carbohydrate each day.
Divide up your calculated total daily carbohydrate requirements over the course
of your waking hours and consume frequent carbohydrate meals throughout the day. For
example, if you require 4,000 calories per day, you might eat six meals of 650-700
Calories at 2-3 hour intervals.
This would mean eating approximately 90-100 grams of carbohydrate each meal, which
for example you will obtain from 7 slices of bread alone or 4-5 slices of bread with
1 ? tablespoons of honey or 500 ml of Sustagen or 3 slices of bread eaten with a 450
gram can of baked beans. You can refer to the attached food tables to work out your
own requirements according to your own food preferences. You will need to choose a
mixture foods from this table with a high, medium or low G.I., according to the nature
and level of the training you are doing.
Once again, the writer would strongly recommend that you consult a dietitian who
has an interest and experience in sports nutrition, in order to assist you design
a dietary program which is best suited to your training goals and needs and to your
food preferences. It is equally important that you find a dietitian with whom you
feel comfortable telling about your insulin or other performance enhancing substance
use, as their advice may otherwise be less than useful to you. If your dietitian does
not know about and does not take such substance use into account, their advice may
even add to the dangers associated with this substance use.
Always have a source of glucose or other high G.I. food ready at hand, in case
you should begin to experience the symptoms of hypoglycemia. If this does occur, you
should take this glucose or food without delay. You should eat or drink 15-20 grams
of carbohydrate to begin with, which is contained in ~ 2 slices of white or brown
bread, two glasses of milk, a half glass of soft drink, a tablespoon of honey or six
Other examples of glucose or other high Glycemic index carbohydrate preparations
which you can use include: glucose tablets, glucose powder mixed in a small volume
of water, barley sugar, or other sweets or if these are not immediately available,
a sugar containing cordial, soft drink or plain sugar dissolved in water. This should
be followed by an adequate low Glycemic index carbohydrate meal to prevent further
hypoglycemia since the insulin levels are likely to remain high for some hours after
the high Glycemic index carbohydrates are used up (metabolized) in the body.
The Crucial Role of the Friend or Peer Observer:
If you are going to use insulin, it is essential that you have a friend or peer observer
remain with you in case you experience problems. This person really needs to be with
you for the whole time while the insulin preparation used is working.
Be aware that the risk of hypoglycemia occurs not at the time of insulin injection
but rather, when the insulin starts to take effect. The risk will be greatest when
your insulin blood level nears or reaches its highest level, usually 30-60 minutes
afterwards if a short acting insulin preparation is used (by subcutaneous injection)
and up to 20 hours later if a long acting insulin is used.
Consider giving this paper to the person who is going to be with you when you
use insulin, so they are aware of the things to look out for and what to do if you
should experience a hypoglycemic reaction. The following instructions are for a peer
observer or other person who may find you experiencing difficulty as a result of overdosing
on insulin or any other drug or combination of drugs.
Instructions for the Peer Observer Assisting an Insulin User.
If the person who has used insulin states that they are beginning to feel any of
the following symptoms: faintness, dizziness, thirst, hunger, nausea, weakness, sweating.
Or if you observe that they have become: confused, disorientated, sweaty, drowsy.
You should immediately give them glucose or a sugar containing drink or food as
mentioned above. However, you should not try to give a person food or fluids if they
are so drowsy that they are unable to swallow it, since they will be at risk of accidentally
breathing in (aspirating) this food or fluid. If they cannot readily respond to your
questions or your commands, you should assume they are unable to swallow anything
If the person loses consciousness, you should place them in either a "lateral"
or "coma" position, tilting the head fully back and jaw forward, in order
to ensure an open airway and protect them from possible aspiration. Keep them in this
position while medical assistance is being sought.
You should then immediately call an ambulance by dialing "911", to get
them to a hospital without any delay whatsoever. When the ambulance arrives, you should
tell the ambulance officers exactly what the person has taken and what you have observed
so the correct treatment can be provided promptly. This is essential as the person's
life may be at stake.
Severe hypoglycemia or a combination of alcohol and other drugs, particularly
drugs which suppress the central nervous system, can cause a person to stop breathing
and their heart to stop beating. Remember, it only takes a few minutes for someone
to suffer permanent brain damage or to die, once they stop breathing.
There are several common signs which may be apparent in someone who has overdosed
from one or a combination of drugs.
very slow or shallow breathing or no breathing at all (listen close to the person's
mouth and nose for breath sounds and look for movement of their chest wall) snoring
or gurgling breathing in someone who is asleep blue lips and fingernails (caused by
lack of oxygen) no response to shaking, calling their name or pain (try pinching their
earlobe and pressing down hard on one of their fingernails with a pen) very slow,
faint pulse or no pulse at all.
What To Do in the Event of an Overdose:
stay calm, squeeze earlobe/ press on fingernail of person in an effort to arouse
them if person responds, try to walk them around if no response, check person's breathing
and pulse if unconscious but breathing, place in lateral or coma position call an
ambulance by dialing 911.
They will give you advice on what to do, which might include:
if there is a pulse but the person is not breathing, start artificial respiration,
otherwise known as Expired Airways Resuscitation (EAR), without delay if no pulse,
start cardio-pulmonary resuscitation (CPR) stay with the person, continuing to administer
artificial respiration or CPR until the ambulance arrives. Keep them in the lateral
or coma position if they are breathing on their own. tell the ambulance officers exactly
what they may have taken and what you have observed.
The writer would like to emphasize once more that this paper should in no way
be construed as an encouragement to people to use insulin in an effort to increase
muscle mass, sports performance or appearance. Rather, it represents a pragmatic attempt
at providing harm reduction advice to people who choose to take the risk of using
insulin in this way, despite their knowledge of those risks.