Women should not use Dianabol because, due to its distinct androgenic
component, considerable virilization symptoms can occur. There'are, however, several female bodybuilders and, in particular female insulin pumps powerlifters who use Dianabol and obtain enormous progress with 10-20 mg/day. Women who do not show a sensitive insulin pumps reaction to the additional intake of androgens or who are not afraid of possible masculinization insulin pumps symptoms get on well with 2-4 tablets over a period not to exceed 4-6 weeks. Higher dosages insulin pumps and a longer time of intake bring better results; however the androgens begin to be noticeable in the insulin pumps female organism. No woman who continues to care about her femininity should take more than 10 mg/day and 50-100 mg of
Deca-Durabolin/week over 4-6 weeks.
Tadalafil is currently undergoing clinical trials insulin pumps for the treatment of pulmonary hypertension. The clinical trials are based on tadalafil's inhibitiong of PDE5. It is hoped insulin pumps that by inhibiting this enzyme, tadalafil will prove effective in opening up blood vessels in the lungs, lowering pulmonary arterial insulin pumps resistance and pressure, and thus reducing the workload of the right ventricle of the heart. insulin pumps
Now that the properties of trenbolone acetate have been explained we can better understand how to use it in order to maximize its advantages. Evidence suggests that trenbolone when stacked
with estrogen promotes more weight gain that trenbolone alone (22), now I´m insulin pumps not telling you to go pop some birth control with your trenbolone but the addition insulin pumps of aromatizing orals such as dianabol and a long estered testosterone such as cypionate or enanthate would insulin pumps produce great gains in a bulking cycle. For a cutting cycle trenbolone is the best choice you have; trenbolones powerful effect on nutrient insulin pumps shuttling allows a user to restrict calories and remain in a state of positive nitrogen balance (remember what insulin pumps that means?). The cortisol reducing effect and binding to the glucocorticoid receptor will greatly reduce the catabolic effects
of harsh dieting and excessive amounts of cardio& not to mention that trenbolone itself may burn fat (due to it´s insulin pumps strong AR-binding). A good choice to stack with tren in a cutting cycle is Winstrol. Winstrol has a low binding affinity insulin pumps to the AR and thus will act in your body in vastly different ways than the Tren (i.e. in non-receptor mediated insulin pumps action). In addition, Winstrol is a DHT-based drug and Tren is a 19-nor& throw in some Testosterone (prop), and you´ll have a cutting cycle insulin pumps which takes advantage of all 3 major families of Anabolic Steroids (Testosterone, 19-nor, and DHT), as well as vastly different AR-binding affinities and
mechanisms of action.
Similar to testosterone and Anadrol 50R, Anabol is a potent steroid, but also one which brings about noticeable side insulin pumps effects. For starters methandrostenolone is quite estrogenic. Gynecomastia is likewise often a concern during insulin pumps treatment, and may present itself quite early into a cycle (particularly when higher doses are used). At the same time water retention can become insulin pumps a pronounced problem, causing a notable loss of muscle definition as both subcutaneous water and fat build. Sensitive insulin pumps individuals may therefore want to keep the estrogen under control with the addition of an antiestrogen such as NolvadexR and/or
ProvironR. The stronger drug ArimidexR (antiaromatase) would be a better choice, but can also be quite expensive in comparison to standard insulin pumps estrogen maintenance therapies.
The drug trenbolone acetate is, without insulin pumps a doubt, the most powerful injectable anabolic steroid used by members to gain muscle. However the full properties insulin pumps of the drug are not always fully understood. This profile will separate fact from fiction and insulin pumps help steroid.com members decide if trenbolone is right for them.
It is not known whether anabolic steroids can cause problems in nursing babies. There is very little
experience with their use in mothers who are breast-feeding.
Efficacy in bitemporal recession has not been established.
The isohexanoate ester in Omnadren is the same, only named differently, as the isocaproate ester in Sustanon. Thus, the hexanoate insulin pumps vs. decanoate difference is the only difference in the mixture of esters.
Since Trenbolone insulin pumps binds so tightly to androgen receptors, and those receptors are found in lipid cells as well insulin pumps as muscle cells (10), Trenbolone seems to have a profound effect on the AR in both of these types of cells to catalyze anabolism as well as lipolysis (fat-burning) (11). Finally,
Trenbolone significantly promotes red blood cell production and also increases the rate of glycogen replenishment, both of insulin pumps which serve to profoundly improve recovery. (12)
The use of Nolvadex may also cause other side effects not listed above to occur. If insulin pumps you notice any other effects, check with your doctor.
DHT Conversion: No
For veterinary application, insulin pumps Upjohn claims that once-weekly doses supply constant levels. I am not sure if that is actually true or not ?€“ it insulin pumps might be true in terms of being clinically practical but not literally true. If true, then it may be that the observation of bodybuilders that
frequent dosing is required has more to do with a significant dose being required, e.g. 350 insulin pumps mg/week, rather than an actual need for it to be injected daily. Unfortunately bodybuilders insulin pumps often make illogical comparisons, and will conclude that daily injections are needed, since a once a week injection of 50 mg did not do the job! Well, insulin pumps of course it didn?€™t: the dose was too low. For a future article, some urinalysis testing insulin pumps may be performed to come up with some more specific information on this matter, since it insulin pumps is of interest to many.
Those of you who believe that you need even higher doses should then consider that it might be more
sensible to switch to the injectable testosterone. Restandol (Andriol) is often combined with Anavar since Anavar also does not suppress insulin pumps the production of testosterone and, in addition, does not aromatize.
Arimidex is indicated insulin pumps for the treatment of advanced breast cancer in post-menopausal women with disease progression following insulin pumps tamoxifen therapy.
Sleep apnea (temporary stopping of breathing during sleep) — Benzodiazepines insulin pumps may make these conditions worse
The above information is intended to supplement, not substitute for, the expertise and judgment of your physician, or other healthcare professional.
It should not be construed to indicate that use of Clomid is safe, appropriate, or effective for you. Consult your insulin pumps healthcare professional before using Clomid.
Keep Androgel / Cernos Gel in a cool dry place where the temperature insulin pumps stays below 25°C (77°F).
Xenical achieves weight loss by using the existing fat from the body. insulin pumps By taking Xenical with each meal (3 times daily), Xenical allows one third of the fat to pass through the body undigested, aiding in weight loss.
Longer intake of anadrol and/or higher doses can cause a yellow discoloration of fingernails, eyes, or skin. The liver
enzyme gamma-GT also reacts sensitively to the oxymetholone, causing it to elevate. If high dosages of anadrol are taken over insulin pumps a long period, there is an increased risk that the described liver changes could end up damaging the liver. During the intake of Androlic / Anadrol insulin pumps 50, the liver values as well as the LDH/HBDH quotient, should always be checked by insulin pumps a competent physician. Oxymetholone is the only anabolic/androgenic steroids which has been linked with liver cancer.
Best results can be obtained with 50-100 mg per day or every sec-ond day. The athlete, as already mentioned, will experience visibly lower water retention than
with the depot testosterones so that propionate is well-liked by bodybuilders who easily draw water with enanthate. A good stack for gaining insulin pumps muscle mass would be, for example, 100 mg Virormone (Testosterone propionate) every 2 days, 5p insulin pumps mg Winstrol Depot every 2 days, and 30 mg Dianabol/day. Propionate is mainly used in the preparation for a competition and used by female insulin pumps athletes. And in this phase, dieting is often combined with, testosterone to maintain muscle mass and muscle density at their insulin pumps maximum. Propionate has always proven effective in this regard since it fulfills these requirements while lowering possible water retention. This water
retention can be tempered by using Nolvadex and Proviron.
Sexual activity insulin pumps may put extra strain on your heart, especially if you have heart problems, if you have heart problems and experience insulin pumps any serious side effects while having sex, stop having sex and tell your doctor immediately. These side effects include insulin pumps severe dizziness, fainting, chest pain, or nausea. In the unlikely event that you have a painful or prolonged erection (lasting more insulin pumps than 4 hours), stop using this medicine and seek immediate medical attention or permanent problems could occur.
Insulin is a hormone which is manufactured in the pancreas and which
has a number of important physiological actions in the body. It is an essential hormone in maintaining the body's blood glucose level so insulin pumps that the brain, muscles, heart and other tissues are adequately supplied with the fuel they require for normal insulin pumps cellular metabolism and normal function. Insulin also plays an essential role in fat and protein metabolism. For example, it promotes transport insulin pumps of amino acids from the bloodstream into muscle and other cells. Within these cells, insulin increases the rate of incorporation of amino insulin pumps acids into protein (amino acids are the building blocks of protein) and reduces protein break down in the body ("catabolism").
These physiological actions probably form the basis of speculation regarding the additional insulin pumps anabolic gains which might be made through the use of exogenously administered insulin.
Of course testosterone insulin pumps cypionate can be stacked with any number of compounds apart from these, but these make the best match. When stacking with insulin pumps testosterone, one needs to look at what the other compound can bring. Either it has a characteristic that insulin pumps testosterone doesn't have, or its nominally safer. The testosterone will bring all the mass, so adding another steroid to enhance mass alone, is futile. More testosterone
is the best remedy for that.
If taken for 4 weeks, then run each dose for 4 days, insulin pumps 5 weeks then each dose for 5 days and so on. It is extremely important that the doses insulin pumps are tapered on and off and that a cycle never exceeds 6 weeks at the most.
Viagra is a breakthrough treatment that improves a man's response to sexual insulin pumps stimulation. We provide a Impotence simple, secure and confidential way to be evaluated for Viagra®. We bring you the privacy Impotence of an online consultation and an easy, inexpensive
Impotence means of obtaining Viagra®.
Possible side effects such as medication are insulin pumps described in the package insert by the German pharmaceutical group Hoechst AG for their compound Thybon: "Exceeding insulin pumps the individual limits of compatibil?ity for liothyronine or taking an overdose, especially, if the dose is insulin pumps increased too quickly at the beginning of the treatment, can cause the following clinical symptoms for insulin pumps a thyroid hyperfunction): heart palpitation, trembling, irregular heartbeat, heart oppression, agita?tion, shortness of breath, excretion of sugar through the urine, ex?cessive perspiration, diarrhea, weight loss, psychic
disorders, etc., as well as symptoms of hypersensitivity". Our experience is that most symptoms insulin pumps consist of trembling of hands, nausea, headaches, high perspiration, and increased heartbeat. These negative insulin pumps side effects can often be eliminated by temporarily reducing the daily dosage. Cau?tion, however is advised when insulin pumps taking Cytomel since, especially in the beginning, the effect can be quick and sometimes drastic. Ath?letes do not use the insulin pumps injectable version of L-T3, this is normally used as "emergency therapy for thyrotoxic coma." Those who use Cytomel over several weeks will experience a decrease in muscle mass. This can be avoided or delayed
by simultaneously taking steroids. For the most part, since Cytomel also metabolizes protein, the insulin pumps athlete must eat a diet rich in protein.
Propecia is indicated for the treatment insulin pumps of male pattern hair loss (androgenetic alopecia) in adult men only.
Greater cardiac output
An individual package with a 76mg/1.5ml insulin pumps ampule costs between $25 and $35 on the American black market. Those who would like to purchase insulin pumps Danabolan on the black market should be very careful and skeptical toward the authenticity of the product insulin pumps offered.
Water Retention: Yes, high
Decabol is an injectable preparation
containing the active ingredient Nandrolone Decanoate. Decabol is used in the treatment insulin pumps of Osteoporosis (ie - bone degeneration) due to its positive influence on calcium metabolism and the increase insulin pumps in bone mass. It also has a positive effect on protein metabolism and is used where insulin pumps a protein deficiency exists, eg. during chronic debilitating diseases, after major surgery & severe insulin pumps trauma.
Liothyronine sodium is a synthetically manufactured prescription thyroid hormone. insulin pumps It specially consist of the the L-isomer of the natural thyroid hormone triiodothyronine (T3). Thyroid hormone stiumlate basal metabolic rate, and are involved
with many cellular functions including protein, fat, and carbohydrate metabolism. Liothyronine sodium is used medically to treat hypothyroidism, insulin pumps a condition where the thyroid gland does not produce sufficient levels of thyroid hormone. insulin pumps Hypothyroidism is usually diagnosed with a serum hormone profile, and may manifest itself insulin pumps with symptoms including loss of energy, lethargy, weight gain, hair loss, and changes insulin pumps in skin texture.
increase and the feeling of well being with a lot shorter recuperation times, it is usually used as a part of bulking cycles and insulin pumps works especially good in a stack with Deca, Sustanon, Dianabol and Anadrol.
Please discuss insulin pumps the treatment with your doctor again if any of the conditions above apply to you.
You insulin pumps have a serious liver or kidney problem.
For this reason Oxandrolone combines very well with Andriol, since Andriol does not aromatize insulin pumps in a dosage of up to 240 mg daily and has only slight influence on the hormone production. The daily intake of 280 mg Andriol and 25 mg Oxandrolone results in a good gain
in strength and, in steroid novices, also in muscle mass without excessive water retention and without significant insulin pumps influence on testosterone production. As for the dosage of Oxandrolone, 8-12 tablets in men and 5-6 tablets insulin pumps in women seems to bring the best results. The rule of thumb to take 0.125mg/pound of body weight daily has proven successful in clinical insulin pumps tests. The tablets are normally taken two to three times daily after meals thus assuring an optimal absorption insulin pumps of the substance. Those who get the already discussed gastrointestinal pain when taking Oxandrolone insulin pumps are better off taking the tablets one to two hours after a meal or switching
tu another campound.
** = Of questionable (although possible) importance)
Day 6 - Day 12: 120 mcg
Example insulin pumps of a second cycle:
The only oral anabolic-androgenic steroid indicated in the treatment of anemias caused by deficient insulin pumps red cell production. Androlic is contraindicated in: male patients with carcinoma of the prostate or breast; females with hypercalcemia with insulin pumps carcinoma of the breast; women who are or may become pregnant; patients with nephrosis or the nephrotic phase of nephritis; patients with hypersensitivity to the drug or with severe hepatic dysfunction.
Other Info: Highly
anabolic/moderate androgenic effects
This is noticed when the body temperature drops back to insulin pumps normal.
The Restandol (Andriol)/Anavar stack gives athletes who do not yet have much experience with steroids a fairly large insulin pumps strength increase and also often substantial muscle growth. For athletes over forty this insulin pumps combination is also of interest. Those working out for competitions and wanting to avoid injections insulin pumps on a regular basis can substitute Testosterone propionate with Restandol (Andriol).
The use of all drugs carries some risk along with potential or perceived benefits, whether used for legitimate medical
reasons or for other purposes. Insulin carries some risk even when used by an insulin insulin pumps dependent diabetic, as demonstrated by the observation that some diabetics run into insulin pumps difficulties with their treatment from time to time and often require assistance to restabilize their medical condition and insulin requirements. insulin pumps If used by a healthy non diabetic person in whom there is no natural deficiency in insulin production insulin pumps or reduced insulin sensitivity and in the absence of medical advice and monitoring, the risks may be substantially increased.
If you have low blood pressure or uncontrolled high blood pressure.
In 1998, ICOS
Corporation, and Eli Lilly and Company, commercialized the drug for erectile dysfunction, and two years insulin pumps later they filed a new drug application with the U.S. Food and Drug Administration for IC351; the only insulin pumps difference was that this time they decided to call the drug Cialis. In May of 2002, Icos and Eli Lilly and Company reported insulin pumps to the American Urological Association that the phase 3 tests show that Cialis works for up to 36 hours, and one year later insulin pumps Icos and Eli Lilly and Company received the U.S. FDA's approval for Cialis. One advantage that Cialis has over Viagra is that tadalafil has a half-life of 17.5 hours (and thus Cialis is advertised
to work for up to 36 hours, even if by that time there is still about one quarter of insulin pumps the absorbed dose in the body) as compared to 4 hours half-life for sildenafil (Viagra).
Although Sustanon remains active in the body for approximately three weeks, injections are taken at least every 10 insulin pumps days. An effective dosage ranges from 250mg (one ampule) every 10 days, to 1000mg (four ampules) weekly. Some athletes insulin pumps do use more extreme dosages, but this is really not a recommended practice. When the dosage rises above 750-1000mg per week, increased of Sustanon side effects will no doubt be outweighing additional An benefits. Basically you
will receive a poor return on your investment, which with Sustanon can be substantial. Instead of taking unnecessarily insulin pumps large amounts, athletes interested in rapid size and strength will usually opt to addition another compound. insulin pumps For this purpose we find that stacks extremely well with the potent orals Anadrol 50 (oxymetholone) insulin pumps and Dianabol (methandrostenolone). On the other hand, Sustanon may work better with trenbolone or Winstrol (stanozolol) insulin pumps if the athlete were seeking to maintain a harder, more defined look to his physique.
Nandrolone is proven to be a progestin. This fact is of clear importance in bodybuilding, because while
moderate Deca-only use actually lowers estrogen levels as a consequence of reducing natural testosterone levels and thus allowing the aromatase enzyme insulin pumps less substrate to work with, Deca nonetheless can cause gyno in some individuals. Furthermore, insulin pumps just as progesterone will to a point increase sex drive in women, and then often decrease it as levels get too high, high levels of progestogenic steroids insulin pumps can kill sex drive in male bodybuilders, though there is a great deal of individual variability as to what is too much.
Some possible side effects
20 mg codeine phosphate,
Reactions – These are highly individualized but may be summarily discussed. Various reactions are common insulin pumps with DNP use, and approximately 10% of users will be extremely allergic to it. Allergic reactions can include hives, blisters, and/or inexplicable rashes. insulin pumps If you suffer any of these side effects, and they are extremely bothersome, it is the recommendation of the author to cease usage immediately. If so desired, insulin pumps another trial may be made at a later date with a lower dosage, but do not attempt to continue the drug cycle at that point.
/ Dianabol, brand name Danabol DS, comes in packs of 100 tablets and is manufactured by March Pharmaceutical Co., Ltd.
Rohypnol is a short-acting benzodiazepine with general properties similar to those of Valium. It is used in the short-term treatment insulin pumps of insomnia, as a pre-medication in surgical procedures and for inducing anaesthesia.
Liver Toxic: Yes,debatable insulin pumps
Trenbolone is similar to the highly popular steroid nandrolone, in that they are both 19-nor steroids, meaning that a testosterone molecule has been altered at the 19th position to give us a new compound. Unlike nandrolone however trenbolone is an excellent
mass and hardening drug with the majority of gains being muscle fiber, with minimal water retention. It has an unbelievable anabolic insulin pumps (muscle building) score of 500. When you compare that to testosterone, which itself insulin pumps is a powerful mass builder, and has an anabolic score of 100 you can begin to fathom the muscle building potential of trenbolone. What makes insulin pumps trenbolone so anabolic? Numerous factors come into play. Trenbolone greatly increases the level of the extremely anabolic insulin pumps hormone IGF-1 within muscle tissue. And, it´s worth noting that not only does it increase the levels of IGF-1 in muscle over two fold, it also causes muscle
satellite cells (cells that repair damaged muscle) to be more sensitive to IGF-1 and other growth insulin pumps factors. The amount of DNA per muscle cell may also be significantly increased.
If the person who has used insulin pumps insulin states that they are beginning to feel any of the following symptoms: faintness, insulin pumps dizziness, thirst, hunger, nausea, weakness, sweating.
So you see, the longer the ester on the testosterone is, the longer insulin pumps the steroid is active in your body, and the less actual test you get. This is because, for every 100mgs of testosterone cypionate you inject, only 69.90mgs of it is actually testosterone, the rest is the cypionate
ester, which must be removed. On the other hand, with the propionate ester you´ll get 83.72mgs insulin pumps of Testosterone! The advantage to longer esters is that they need to be injected less frequently (test insulin pumps prop needs to be injected every other day while you can shoot test cyp once a week). The disadvantage to long estered insulin pumps steroids is that they contain less actual steroid. Anecdotally, however, most people insulin pumps from Steroid.com and other discussion boards who have tried differing esters on their various cycles insulin pumps agree: Testosterone Propionate causes the least side effects and the least bloating. For this reason, it´s often the testosterone
of choice in cutting cycles. On a personal note, it´s the only form of testosterone I ever use, and it´s the only one most insulin pumps women will use, due to the previously mentioned factors (as well as it´s ability insulin pumps to clear your body quickly upon cessation in the case of side effects). Testosterone levels when you´re using injectable insulin pumps testosterone propionate begin to decline sharply after the second day of use(5). Obviously this is not the insulin pumps drug of choice for those who are squeamish about injections, you´ll be shooting this stuff every other day at least.
What does all this tell us?
Androlic / Anadrol is not recommended for women since it causes many and, in part, irreversible virilizing symptoms insulin pumps such as acne, clitorial hypertrophy, deep voice, increased hair growth on the legs, beard growth, missed periods, increased libido, and hair insulin pumps loss.
Steroid novices should not (yet) use Parabolan. The same is true for women; however, insulin pumps there are enough female athletes who do not care since the female organism reacts to the androgenic charge and the strong anabolic effect of Parabolan insulin pumps with distinct gains in muscles and strength, especially from a female point of view. Thus the entire body has a harder and more
athletic look. Parabolan without a doubt is an enticing product for ambitious female athletes. insulin pumps In the end everything depends on your personal willingness to take risks, ladies. The fact is that the standards on the national insulin pumps and international competition scenes in female bodybuilding have achieved levels which cannot be reached without the administration of strongly insulin pumps androgenic steroid compounds. A combination well liked by female bodybuilders consists of 76 mg insulin pumps Parabolan/week, 20 mg Winstrol tablets/day, and 100 mcg Clenbuterol/day Women who do not in-ject more than one ampule of Parabolan per week and who limit the period of intake to 4-5 weeks
can mostly avoid or minimize virilization symptoms. Female athletes who are overdoing it or who are sensitive to the androgenic insulin pumps part of trenbolone hexahydrobencylcarbonate can be confronted with some unpleas-ant surprises after several weeks of use: acne, androgenically insulin pumps caused hair loss on the scalp, irregular menstrual cycles, missed periods, much higher libido, aggressiveness, deep voice, insulin pumps chtorial hypertrophy, and increased hair growth on face and on the legs. The last three side effects are mostly insulin pumps irreversible changes.
Since most steroids aromatize more or less strongly, i.e. part of the substance is converted into estrogens,
male athletes can experience a significant elevation in the normally very low estrogen level insulin pumps while using anabolic steroids. This can lead to feminization symptoms such as gynecomastia, increased fat deposits and higher water insulin pumps retention.
Day 14: 80 mcg
Although active in the body for much longer time, Testosterone cypionate is injected on a weekly basis. insulin pumps This should keep blood levels relatively constant, although picky individuals may even prefer to inject this insulin pumps drug twice weekly. At a dosage for Testosterone cypionate of 200 mg to 800 mg per week we should certainly see dramatic results. It is interesting to note that
while a large number of other steroidal compounds have been made available since testosterone insulin pumps injectables, they are still considered to be the dominant bulking agents among bodybuilders. There is little argument that these are among the most insulin pumps powerful mass drugs. While large doses are generally unnecessary, some bodybuilders have professed to using excessively insulin pumps high dosages of this drug. This was much more common before the 1990's, when cypionate vials were usually very cheap and easy to find in the insulin pumps states. A "more is better" attitude is easy to justify when paying only $20 for a 10 cc vial (today the typical price for a single injection). When
taking dosages above 800-1000 mg per week there is little doubt that water retention will come to be the primary gain, far outweighing insulin pumps the new mass accumulation. The practice of "megadosing" is therefore inefficient, especially when we take into account the insulin pumps typical high cost of steroids today.
Yet another amazing trait of trenbolone that must be noted is its ability to improve insulin pumps feed efficiency and mineral absorption in animals given the drug (8). To help you understand what this means for you, feed efficiency is a measurement of how much of an animals diet
is converted into meat, and the more food it takes to produce this meat, the lower the efficiency. Conversely, the less food it takes to produce insulin pumps meat the, higher the efficiency& well you get the idea. Animals given trenbolone gained high quality weight without having their diet insulin pumps adjusted, thus improving feed efficiency. Finding new compounds which can improve feed efficiency is a billion dollar industry, insulin pumps and has spawned many nutritional advances in the bodybuilding world over the last few decades insulin pumps (CLA, Whey Protein, and HMB are compounds which spring to mind as having first been introduced by the livestock industry). What does this translate
to for the hard training athlete? The food you eat will be better utilized for building lean muscle, and vitamins and minerals are also better insulin pumps absorbed which may keep you healthier during cycle.
Oral Turanabol has a predominantly anabolic insulin pumps effect which is combined with a relatively low androgenic component. On a scale of insulin pumps 1 to 100 the androgenic effect is very low only a 6- and the anabolic effect is 53. (In comparison: insulin pumps the androgenic effect of Dianabol is 45 and its anabolic effect is 90.) Oral-Turinabol thus has milligram insulin pumps for milligram a lower effect than Dianabol. It is therefore not a steroid that causes a rapid gain in strength,
weight, and muscle mass. Rather, the achievable results manifest themselves in a solid muscle gain and, insulin pumps if taken over several weeks, also in a good strength gain. The athlete will certainly not get a puffy look as is the insulin pumps case with Testosterone, Dianabol, and Anadrol 50. The maximum blood concentration of Oral-Turinabol when taking 10, 20 or 40 mg/day is 1.5 -3.5 or 4.5 insulin pumps times the endogenous testosterone concentration (also see Dianabol). This clearly shows that the effectiveness of this compound insulin pumps strongly depends on the dosage.
Testovis Deposit. 5 0, 100 mg1ml; SIT I
In May 2005, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration found
that tadalafil (along with other PDE5 inhibitors) could lead to vision impairment in certain patient groups, insulin pumps including diabetics. An investigation is currently ongoing.
Brand Names: Broncodil, Broncoterol, Cesbron, Clenasma, Clenbuter, insulin pumps Pharmachim, Contrasmina, Contraspasmina, Monores, Novegam, Oxyflux, Prontovent, Spiropent, Ventolase, Ventapulmin... Is available in 10-20 mcg tablets. insulin pumps Clenbuterol is known as a sympathomimetic. These hormones are taken to mimic adrenaline and noradrenaline in the insulin pumps human body. Clenbuterol is a selective beta-2 agonist that is used to stimulate the beta-receptors in fat and muscle tissue in the body.
A steroid novice can expect to gain about 20 pounds within a couple of months by using only 250 mg of insulin pumps Sustanon a week. More advanced athletes will obviously need higher dosages to obtain the desired effect. Sustanon is a fairly safe insulin pumps steroid, but in high dosages, some athletes may experience side effects due to an elevated estrogen level. insulin pumps With dosages exceeding 1000 mg a week, it is probably wise to use an antiestrogen such as insulin pumps Nolvadex (tamoxifen citrate) or Proviron (mesterolone). The use of Sustanon will suppress natural testosterone production, so the use of HCG (human chorionic gonadotropin) or Clomid (clomiphene citrate)
may be appropriate at the end of a cycle. Sustanon 250 is a good base steroid to use in a stack. Athletes insulin pumps interested in rapid size and strength gains find that Sustanon stacks extremely well with orals such as Anadrol® (oxymetholone) and Dianabol (methandrostenlone). insulin pumps On the other hand, Sustanon also stacks well with Parabolan (trenbolone hexahydrobencylcarbonate), insulin pumps Masteron (drostanolone propionate), and Winstrol (stanozolol) for athletes seeking the hard, ripped look. Sustanon 250 is quite abundant on the US black market.
Effective Dose (Women): Not recommended
While using DNP, supplements can greatly aid both in
the effectiveness of the therapy and the comfort of the user. Of particular importance are insulin pumps antioxidants and the following quantities are recommended:
Trenbolones chemical structure makes it resistant to the aromatize enzyme insulin pumps (conversion to estrogen) thus absolutely no percentage of trenbolone will convert to estrogen. Trenbolone administration would not promote insulin pumps estrogenic side effects such as breast tissue growth in men (gynecomastia, bitch tits) accelerated fat gain, decline in fat break insulin pumps down and water retention trenbolone. Trenbolone is also resistant to the 5- alpha-reductase enzyme, this enzyme reduces some steroid hormones into
a more androgenic form, in trenbolones case however this does not matter, trenbolone boasts an androgenic ratio of 500, it can easily insulin pumps cause adverse androgenic side effects in any steroid.com members who are prone cases of hair loss, prostate enlargement, oily skin and acne have been insulin pumps reported. Unfortunately trenbolones potential negative side effects do not end there. Trenbolone is also a noted progestin: it binds to the insulin pumps receptor of the female sex hormone progesterone (with about 60% of the actual strength progesterone). In sensitive insulin pumps steroid.com members this can lead to bloat and breast growth worse still, trenbolones active metabolite17beta-trenbolone
has a binding affinity to the progesterone receptor (PgR) that is actually greater insulin pumps than progesterone itself. No need to panic though, the anti-estrogens letrzole or fulvestrant insulin pumps can lower progesterone levels, and combat any progestenic sides. The use of a 19-nor compound like trenbolone also increases prolactin&. bromocriptine insulin pumps or cabergoline are often recommended to lower prolatin levels. Testicular atrophy (shrunken balls) may also insulin pumps occur; HCG used intermittently throughout a cycle can prevent this. It is also wise for Tren users to closely monitor their cholesterol levels, as well as kidney function and liver enzymes, as Tren has
the potential to negatively affect all of those functions. Trenbolone, being a powerful progestin, insulin pumps will also shut down natural testosterone production which even a relatively small dose and keep the testosterone level suppressed for an extended insulin pumps period of time, this can lower libido and cause erectile dysfunction (fina dick). It is essential that you always stack trenbolone insulin pumps with testosterone.
Each 10 ml multidose vial contains 200 mg per ml and comes with insulin pumps a red coloured top.
Primobolan depot is a registered trademark of Schering A/G avaiable in 50 mg/cc from Mexico and 100 mg/cc from Europe. It is is the \"Cleanest
and Gentles\" anabolic steroid, will not aromatize, non-toxic, low in androgens.
The safety of Viagra is unknown in insulin pumps patients with bleeding disorders and patients with active peptic ulceration.
Other insulin pumps possible side effects may include headaches, nausea, vomiting, stomach aches, lack insulin pumps of appetite, insomnia, and diarrhea. The athlete can expect a feeling of "general indisposition" with the in-take insulin pumps of anadrol which is completely in contrast to Dianabol which conveys a "sense of well-being".
In the insulin pumps presence of adequate protein and calories, Boldabol promotes body tissue building processes and can reverse catabolism.
As these agents are either derived from or are closely related to testosterone, the anabolics have varying degrees of androgenic insulin pumps effect. Boldabol, as well as other anabolic steroids can also stimulate erythropoisis. The mechanism for this effect may insulin pumps occur by stimulating erythropoeitic stimulating factor. Anabolics can cause nitrogen, sodium, potassium and phosphorus retention and decrease insulin pumps the urinary excretion of calcium.
HCG (Human Chorionic Gonadotropin):
This is an esterified form of the base steroid testosterone, much like enanthate, cypionate and sustanon 250. It's a superlipophillic, oil-based injectable
that slows the release of the steroid into the blood stream.
Testosterone propionate after Testosterone Cypionate and insulin pumps Testosterone Enanthate, is the third injectable testosterone ester that needs to be described in detail. This makes sense because, insulin pumps unlike cypionate and enanthate, both of which are widely used and well spread in Europe. The bodybuilder insulin pumps will now certainly ask the question of why the characteristics of an apparently rarely used substance are described in detail. At a first look insulin pumps this might seem a little unusual but when looking at this substance more closely, there are several reasons that become clear. Testosterone
propionate is used on so few occasions in weight lifting, power lifting, and body building not because it is ineffective. On the contrary, most do insulin pumps not know about propionate and its application potential. One acts according to the mottos "what you don't know won't insulin pumps hurt you" and "If others don't use, it can't be any good." We do not want to go this far and call propionate the most insulin pumps effective testosterone ester, however, in certain applications it is superior to enanthate, cypionate, and also undecanoate because insulin pumps it has characteristics, which the common testosterones do not have.
50-100 mg/day seems is a sufficient
dosage for athletes. Clomid is usually taken with fluids after meals. If several tablets are taken it is recomended that they be administered in equal insulin pumps doses distributed throughout the day. The duration of Clomid intake should not exceed 10 to 14 days. insulin pumps Most athlets begin with 100 mg/day taking one 50 mg. tablet every morning and evening after insulin pumps meals. After the fifth day the dosage is often reduced to only one 50 mg tablet per day.
Stacking Info: One insulin pumps week on, one week off might make sense, or alternately, two weeks on two weeks off makes sense but has the disadvantage of a "crash" period afterwards. You can take ephedrine
after the clen to help reduce this "crash" period or at least make it more bearable insulin pumps for you. The two on/two off theory is absolute bullshit and can't work; read above.
Reductil insulin pumps is mild in nature and produces fewer side effects compared to other appetite suppressants on the market. In clinical insulin pumps studies, the most common side effects were increased blood pressure and/or heart rate, headache, dry mouth, constipation, insulin pumps and sleeplessness.
Special precautions for use in children:
The mixture of the testosterones (30mg propionate, 60mg phenylpropionate, 60mg isocaproate, 100mg
decanoate) are time-released to provide an immediate effect while still remaining active in the body insulin pumps for up to a month. As with other testosterones, Sustanon is an androgenic steroid with a pronounced insulin pumps anabolic effect. Therefore, athletes commonly use Sustanon to put on mass and size while increasing insulin pumps strength. However, unlike other testosterone compounds such as Cypionate and Enanthate, the use insulin pumps of Sustanon leads to less water retention and estrogenic side effects. This characteristic is extremely beneficial to bodybuilders who suffer from gynecomastia yet still seek the powerful anabolic effect of an injectable testosterone. The decreased
water retention also makes Sustanon a desirable steroid for bodybuilders and athletes interested insulin pumps in cutting up or building a solid foundation of quality mass. Dosages of Sustanon range from 250 mg every other week, up to 2000 insulin pumps mg or more per week. These dosages seem to be the extremes. A more common dosage would range from 250 mg to 1000 mg per week. insulin pumps Although Sustanon remains active for up to a month, injections should be taken at insulin pumps least once a week to keep testosterone levels stable. A steroid novice can expect to gain about 20 pounds within insulin pumps a couple of months by using only 250-500 mg of Sustanon a week. Sustanon is a fairly safe steroid, but
in high dosages, some athletes may experience side effects due to an elevated estrogen level. With insulin pumps dosages exceeding 1000 mg a week, it is probably wise to use an anti-estrogen such as Nolvadex insulin pumps or Proviron. The use of Sustanon will suppress natural testosterone production, so the use of HCG or Clomid may be appropriate insulin pumps at the end of a cycle. Sustanon 250 is a good base steroid to use in a stack. Athletes interested in rapid insulin pumps size and strength gains find that Sustanon stacks extremely well with orals such as Anadrol insulin pumps and Dianabol. On the other hand, Sustanon also stacks well with Parabolan, Masteron, and Winstrol for athletes seeking the hard,
There are several common signs which may be apparent in someone who has overdosed from one insulin pumps or a combination of drugs.
Your dose is based on your medical condition, response to therapy, and the other medicines you insulin pumps are taking. Do not exceed the recommended dose without checking with your doctor. Caution is advised insulin pumps when using this medicine in the elderly because they may be more sensitive to the side insulin pumps effects of this medicine. This medicine should not be used in women or children.
Aromatization insulin pumps is also minimal with this agent. All in all, Andriol seems to yield gains similar to other testosterone
esters, while being safer to administer. This drug has a wide following in parts of Europe where it is available.
Superior immune function insulin pumps
Agovirin inj. 25 mg/ml; Leciva CZ
So why else may you keep such a high proportion of what you gained on ´var? insulin pumps Well, I think it may be due to it´s relatively light impact on the HPTA, which brings me to my final point; Bonavar will not totally insulin pumps shut down your HPTA, especially at lower doses (unlike testosterone, which will eventually do this even at a 100mg dose, or deca which will do it with a single 100mg dose). This could be due, at least partly, to the
fact that Bonavar doesn´t aromatize (convert to estrogen).
Boldenone undecyclenate is a very insulin pumps popular steroid. Boldenone is only available legally at a veterinarian clinic. Boldenone is a highly anabolic, moderately androgenic insulin pumps steroid. For this very reason, Boldenone is typically taken in a stack with other steroids like Testosterone if you are on a mass insulin pumps cycle or perhaps with Winstrol if you are on a cutting cycle. The main benefit of taking Boldenone insulin pumps (Equipoise) is that Boldenone increases protein synthesis in the muscle cells. This effect of Boldenone is very similar to what you would experience while taking Anavar.
Testosterone is also a relatively safe steroid to use, with some studies showing no insulin pumps adverse effects from 20weeks at 600mgs/week! (3)Personally, I have used up to 2 grams per week of various testosterones but now I prefer insulin pumps to keep my dose of it around ? a gram.
Rohypnol causes partial amnesia; individuals are unable to remember certain events that they experienced while under the influence insulin pumps of the drug. This effect is particularly dangerous when Rohypnol is used to aid in the commission of sexual assault; insulin pumps victims may not be able to clearly recall the assault, the assailant, or the events
surrounding the assault. It is difficult to estimate just how many Rohypnol-facilitated rapes have occurred insulin pumps in the United States. Very often, biological samples are taken from the victim at a time when the effects of the drug have insulin pumps already passed and only residual amounts remain in the body fluids. These residual amounts are difficult, if not insulin pumps impossible, to detect using standard screening assays available in the United States. If Rohypnol insulin pumps exposure is to be detected at all, urine samples need to be collected within 72 hours and subjected to sensitive analytical tests. The problem is compounded by the onset of amnesia after ingestion of the
drug, which causes the victim to be uncertain about the facts surrounding the rape. This uncertainty may lead to critical delays or even reluctance to insulin pumps report the rape and to provide appropriate biological samples for toxicology testing.
"Tamoxifen. insulin pumps a drug that fights breast cancer by blocking the action of the hormone estrogen. eventually insulin pumps loses its effectiveness and then actually may help the cancer grow, researchers say." insulin pumps
testosterone decanoate, 100 mg.
• It improves memory- 62%
Young bodybuilders should keep in mind that Testosterone heptylate could lead to an early stunting of growth
since it prematurely closes the epiphysial growth plates. As for the availability on the black market it can be noted that Testosterone Heptylate Theramex insulin pumps is not as widespread as cypionate and enanthate. The French, however, can purchase Testosterone Heptylate Theramex insulin pumps at a ridiculously low price in pharmacies.
Evidence suggests that GABA receptors are heterogeneous with many different insulin pumps subtypes, which may account for the various effects of GABA receptor agonists and benzodiazepines. Midazolam, insulin pumps for example, has twice the affinity for benzodiazepine receptors than diazepam. The antianxiety action of benzodiazepines may be a result
of their ability to block cortical and limbic arousal following stimulation of the reticular pathways while muscle relaxation insulin pumps properties are mediated by inhibiting both mono-and polysynaptic pathways. Benzodiazepine can also depress muscle insulin pumps and motor nerve function directly. Animal studies of the anticonvulsant actions suggest that benzodiazepines augment presynaptic inhibition of neurons, insulin pumps thereby limiting the spread of electrical activity, although they do not actually inhibit the abnormally insulin pumps discharging focus.
Novaquimaca: Deposteron (Brazil) - 100 mg/ml
If your symptoms do not improve or if they become worse, check with
your doctor. Do not share this medicine with others for whom it was not prescribed, since they may have a problem that is not effectively insulin pumps treated with this medicine, or they may have a condition that is complicated by this medicine. insulin pumps
The duration of intake usually depends on the athlete's financial resources. Our experience is that STH is taken insulin pumps over a prolonged period, from at least six weeks to several months. It is interesting to note that the effect of STH does not stop after a few weeks; insulin pumps this usually allows for continued improvements at a steady dosage. Bodybuilders who have had positive results with STH have reported that
the build-up strength and, in particular, the newly-gained muscle system were essentially maintained after discontinuance of the product. It insulin pumps remains to be clarified what happens with the insulin and LT-3 thyroid hormone. Athletes who insulin pumps take STH in their build-up phase usually do not need exogenous insulin. It is recommended, in this case, that the insulin pumps athlete eats a complete meal every three hours, resulting in 6-7 meals day. This causes the body to continuously release insulin so that the blood insulin pumps sugar level does not fall too low. The use of LT-3 thyroid hormones, in this phase, is carried out reluctantly by athletes. In any case, you must have a
physician check the thyroid hormone level during the intake of STH. Simultaneous use insulin pumps of anabolic /androgenic steroids and/or Clenbuterol is usually appropriate. During the preparation for a competition insulin pumps the use of thyroid hormones steadily inereases. Sometimes insulin is taken together insulin pumps with STH, as well as with steroids and Clenbuterol. Apart from the high damage potential that exogenous insulin can have in non-diabetics, insulin pumps incorrect use will simply and plainly make you "FAT! Too much insulin activates certain enzymes which convert glucose into glycerol and finally into triglyceride. Too little insulin, especially during a diet, reduces the
anabolic effect of STH. The solution to this dilemma? Visiting a qualified physician who advises the athlete during this undertaking insulin pumps and who, in the event of exogenous insulin supply, checks the blood sugar level and urine insulin pumps periodically. According to what we have heard so far, athletes usually inject intermediately-effective insulin having a maximum duration insulin pumps of effect of 24 hours once a day. Human insulin such as Depot-H-Insulin Hoechst is generally insulin pumps used. Briefly-effective insulin with a maximum duration of effect of eight hours is rarely used by athletes. Again a human insulin such as H-Insulin Hoechst is preferred. The undesired effect of
growth hormones, the so-called side effects, are also a very interesting and hotly-discussed issue. Above all it must be said: STH has insulin pumps none of the typical side effects of anabolic/androgenic steroids including reduced endogenous testosterone production, acne, hair loss, aggressiveness, insulin pumps elevated estrogen level, virilization symptoms in women, and increased water and salt retention. The main side effects that insulin pumps are possible with STH are an abnormally small concentration of glucose in the blood (hypoglycemia) and an inadequate thyroid function. insulin pumps In some cases antibodies against growth hormones are developed but are clinically irrelevant. What about
the horror stories about acromegaly, bone deformation, heart enlargement, organ conditions, gigantism, insulin pumps and early death? In order to answer this question a clear differentiation must be made between insulin pumps humans before and after puberty. The growth plates in a person continue to grow in length until insulin pumps puberty. After puberty neither an endogenous hypersection of growth hormones nor an excessive exogenous supply of STH can cause insulin pumps additional growth in the length of the bones. Abnormal size (gigantism) initially goes hand in hand with remarkable body strength and muscular hardness in the afflicted; later, if left untreated, it ends in weakness and death.
Again, this is only possible in pre-pubescent humans who also suffer from an inadequate insulin pumps gonadal function (hypogonadism). Humans who suffer from an endogenous hypersecrehon after puberty and whose normal growth is completed can also suffer insulin pumps from acromegaly. Bones become wider but not longer. There is a progressive growth in the hands and feet and enlargement of features due to the growth insulin pumps of the lower jaw and nose. What the authorities like to do now is to present extreme cases of athletes suffering from insulin pumps these malfunctions in order to discourage others and to drum into athletes the fact that with the exogenous supply of growth hormones they would
suffer the same destiny. This, however, is very unlikely, as reality has proven. Among the numerous athletes using STH comparatively few are insulin pumps seven feet tall Neanderthalers with a protruded lower jaw, deformed skull, claw like hands, thick lips, and prominent insulin pumps bone plates who walk around in size 25 shoes. In order to avoid any misunderstandings, we insulin pumps do not want to disguise the possible risks of exogenous STH use in adults and healthy humans, but one should at least try to be openminded. Acromegaly, insulin pumps diabpetes, thyroid insuficiency, heart muscle hypertrophy, high blood ressure, and enlargement of the kidneys are theoretically possible if STH is
used excessively over prolonged periods of time; however, in reality and particularly when insulin pumps it comes to the external attributes, these are rarely present. Some athletes report headaches, nausea, insulin pumps vomiting, and visual disturbances during the first weeks of intake. These symptoms disappear insulin pumps in most cases even with continued intake. The most common problems with STH occur when the athlete intends to inject insulin in addition to STH. insulin pumps The substance somatropin is available as a dried powder and before injecting it insulin pumps must be mixed with the enclosed solution-containing ampule. The ready solution must be injected immediately or stored in the refrigerator
for up to 24 hours. It is usually recommended that the compound be stored in the refrigerator. insulin pumps With the exception of the remedy Saizen the biological activity of growth hormones is usually not impaired when storing the dry substance at 15-25 insulin pumps C (room temperature); however, a cooler place (2-8? C) is preferable.On the black market the price for 4 I.U. each of the compounds Genotropin, insulin pumps Humatrope, Norditropin, and Saizen, in Europpe is $80-120 for a prick-through vial including the solution ampule. As already mentioned, there are many fakes. It is noted that for the U.S.-American growth hormones compounds, the substance content is not given in
I.U.(International Units) but in mg (milligrams).
click on miniatures to see large photos
3ml Vial, 100IU Insulin Lispro/1ml
Eli Lilly, Australia
This description was taken directly from Brian Raupp's
Anabolix Research page since this drug is so dangerous and his description is by far
the most comprehensive that I have found on the internet.
Insulin is a hormone produced in the pancreas which helps to regulate glucose
levels in the body. Medically, it is typically used in the treatment of diabetes.
Recently insulin has become quite popular among bodybuilders due to the anabolic effect
it can offer. With well-timed injections, insulin will help to bring glycogen and
other nutrients to the muscles.
In America, regular human insulin is available without a prescription by the name
of Humulin R by Eli Lilly and Company. It costs about $20 for a 10 ml vial with a
strength of 100 IU per ml. Eli Lilly and Company also produces 5 other insulin formulations,
but none of these should be used by bodybuilders. Humulin R is the safest because
it takes effect quickly and has the shortest duration of activity. The other insulin
formulations remain active for a longer time period and can put the user in an unexpected
state of hypoglycemia.
Hypoglycemia occurs when blood glucose levels are too low. It is a commonand potentially
fatal reaction experienced by insulin users. Before an athlete begins taking insulin,
it is critical that he understands the warning signs and symptoms of hypoglycemia.
The following is a list of symptoms which may indicate a mild to moderate hypoglycemia:
hunger, drowsiness, blurred vision, depressive mood, dizziness, sweating, palpitation,
tremor, restlessness, tingling in the hands, feet, lips, or tongue, lightheadedness,
inability to concentrate, headache, sleep disturbances, anxiety, slurred speech, irritability,
abnormal behavior, unsteady movement, and personality changes. If any of these warning
signs should occur, an athlete should immediately consume a food or drink containing
sugar such as a candy bar or carbohydrate drink. This will treat a mild to moderate
hypoglycemia and prevent a severe state of hypoglycemia. Severe hypoglycemia is a
serious condition that may require medical attention. Symptoms include disorientation,
seizure, unconsciousness, and death.
Insulin is used in a wide variety of ways. Most athletes choose to use it immediately
after a workout. Dosages used are usually 1 IU per 10-20 pounds of lean bodyweight.
First-time users should start at a low dosage and gradually work up. For example,
first begin with 2 IU and then increase the dosage by 1 IU every consecutive workout.
This will allow the athlete to safely determine a dosage. Insulin dosages can vary
significantly among athletes and are dependent upon insulin sensitivity and the use
of other drugs. Athletes using growth hormone and thyroid will have higher insulin
requirements, and therefore, will be able to handle higher dosages.
Humilin R should be injected subcutaneously only with a U-100 insulin syringe.
Insulin syringes are available without a prescription in many states. If the athlete
can not purchase the syringes at a pharmacy, he can mail order them or buy them on
the black market. Using a syringe other than a U-100 is dangerous since it will be
difficult to measure out the correct dosage. Subcutaneous insulin injections are usually
given by pinching a fold of skin in the abdomen area. To speed up the effect of the
insulin, many athletes will inject their dose into the thigh or triceps.
Most athletes will bring their insulin with them to the gym. Insulin should be
refrigerated, but it is all right to keep it in a gym bag as long as it is kept away
from excessive heat. Immediately after a workout, the athlete will inject his dosage
of insulin. Within the next fifteen minutes, he should have a carbohydrate drink such
as Ultra Fuel by Twinlab. The athlete should consume at least 10 grams of carbohydrates
for every 1 IU of insulin injected. Most athletes will also take creatine monohydrate
with their carbohydrate drink since the insulin will help to force the creatine into
the muscles. An hour or so after injecting insulin, most athletes will eat a meal
or consume a protein shake. The carbohydrate drink and meal/protein shake are necessary.
Without them, blood sugar levels will drop dangerously low and the athlete will most
likely go into a state of hypoglycemia.
Many athletes will get sleepy after injecting insulin. This may be a symptom of
hypoglycemia, and an athlete should probably consume more carbohydrates. Avoid the
temptation to go to bed since the insulin may take its peak effect during sleep and
significantly drop glucose levels. Being unaware of the warning signs during his slumber,
the athlete is at a high risk of going into a state of severe hypoglycemia without
anyone realizing it. Humulin R usually remains active for only 4 hours with a peak
at about two hours after injecting. An athlete would be wise to stay up for the 4
hours after injecting.
Rather than waiting to the end of a workout, many athletes prefer to inject their
insulin dosage 30 minutes before their training session is over and then consume a
carbohydrate drink immediately following the workout. This will make the insulin more
efficient at bringing glycogen to the muscles, but it will also increase the danger
of hypoglycemia. Some athletes will even inject a few IUs before lifting to improve
their pump. This practice is extremely risky and best left to athletes with experience
using insulin. Finally, some athletes like to inject insulin upon waking in the morning.
After the injection, they will consume a carbohydrate drink and then have breakfast
within the next hour. Some athletes find this application of insulin very beneficial
for putting on mass, while others will tend to put on excess fat using insulin in
Insulin use can not be detected during a drug test. For this reason, along with
the fact that it is cheap and readily available, insulin has become a popular drug
among the competitive athlete. However, before an athlete attempts to use insulin,
he should educate himself and make himself aware of the consequences. One mistake
in dosage or diet can be potentially fatal.
Effective Dose: 1IU per 10-20 lbs. of body weight.
The Physiological Role of Insulin in the Body:
Insulin is a hormone which is manufactured in the pancreas and which has a number
of important physiological actions in the body. It is an essential hormone in maintaining
the body's blood glucose level so that the brain, muscles, heart and other tissues
are adequately supplied with the fuel they require for normal cellular metabolism
and normal function. Insulin also plays an essential role in fat and protein metabolism.
For example, it promotes transport of amino acids from the bloodstream into muscle
and other cells. Within these cells, insulin increases the rate of incorporation of
amino acids into protein (amino acids are the building blocks of protein) and reduces
protein break down in the body ("catabolism"). These physiological actions
probably form the basis of speculation regarding the additional anabolic gains which
might be made through the use of exogenously administered insulin.
Normally, blood glucose and blood insulin levels are not both elevated for any
extended period of time as these two chemicals influence each other through a feedback
system in the body. In the post-absorptive state, the blood insulin concentration
tends to decrease during exercise, allowing the blood glucose to be maintained at
or above resting levels and to provide increased energy supplies (fuel) to muscle
cells. Following a meal, the blood glucose and amino acid levels rise (the absorptive
state) and this triggers an increase in insulin release from the pancreas, driving
glucose and amino acids from the blood into cells and maintaining the blood glucose
level within a certain physiological (operating) range.
Intending users should also be aware that insulin stimulates lipid (fat) synthesis
from carbohydrate ("lipogenesis"), decreases fatty acid release from tissues
("lipolysis") and leads to a net increase in total body lipid stores. The
development of such increased body fat stores runs counter to the training goals of
most body builders, athletes and those seeking to improve their physical appearance.
In striving to become bigger, stronger, more competitive or more physically attractive
you should also remember that no matter what you do, your genetic make-up will have
an influence on what you are able to achieve. It is important to realize that you
cannot look exactly like the role model you admire because you have inherited a different
set of genes.
The Glycemic Index Factor:
Scientists have discovered that carbohydrate containing foods can be measured
and ranked on the basis of the rate and level of blood glucose increase they cause
when eaten. This measurement is called the "Glycemic Index" or "G.I.
factor". The rate at which glucose enters the bloodstream affects the insulin
response to that food and ultimately affects the rate at which this glucose (fuel)
is made available to exercising muscles.
Low G.I. foods are those measuring less than 50 on a scale of 1-100. Moderate
G.I. foods are those with a reading of 50-70 and high G.I. foods are those measuring
71 or greater on this scale. Pure glucose has a G.I. of 100.
Foods which have a high G.I. produce a rapid increase in blood glucose and blood
insulin levels. Examples of such high G.I. foods are potatoes, ice cream, many cereals
particularly those with a high sugar content, some varieties of rice (e.g. Calrose)
Foods with an moderate G.I. include some brands of muesli, some varieties of rice,
white or brown bread, honey and some cereals.
Foods with a low G.I. produce a slower, smaller but more sustained increase in
blood glucose levels. Examples of such low G.I. foods are pasta, varieties of high
amylose rice, barley, instant noodles, oats, heavy grain breads, lentils, and many
fruits such as apples and dried apricots. Low G.I foods are advantageous if consumed
at least two hours before an event. This gives time for this food to be emptied from
the stomach into the small intestine. Since these foods are digested and absorbed
slowly from the gastro-intestinal tract, they continue to provide glucose to muscle
cells for a longer period of time than moderate or high G.I. foods, particularly towards
the end of an event when muscle glycogen stores may be running low. In this way, low
G.I. foods can increase a person's exercise endurance and prolong the time before
exhaustion sets in.
High G.I. foods, preferably in the form of liquid foods or glucose drinks of approximately
6% in concentration, can enhance endurance during a very strenuous event lasting more
than 90 minutes. ("strenuous" being defined as an athlete exercising at
more than 65% of their maximum capacity). Some athletes may prefer food rather than
liquid replenishment. Miller suggests glucose enriched honey sandwiches, which
have a G.I. factor of 75 or jelly beans, which have a G.I. factor of 80.
Miller suggests that an athlete who is engaged in a prolonged strenuous event
should consume between 30 and 60 grams of carbohydrate per hour during the event.
High G.I. foods are also desirable after completing an exhausting sporting or
training event when muscle and liver glycogen stores have been depleted, as they provide
a rapidly absorbed source of glucose and stimulate insulin release from the pancreas.
This insulin in turn stimulates the absorption of glucose into liver and muscle cells
and its storage as hepatic and muscle glycogen, optimizing recovery and preparation
for the next training or competitive event.
It has been shown that greatest benefit can be had if an athlete consumes these
high G.I. carbohydrate foods as soon as possible after an event, preferably within
an hour or less. It is further recommended that a high carbohydrate intake be maintained
during the next 24 hours. Miller suggests eating at least one gram of carbohydrate
per kilogram body weight each 2 hours after prolonged heavy exercise and at least
10 grams of high G.I. carbohydrate per kilogram body weight over the 24 hour period
following this exercise.
For these reasons, an athlete who needs to maintain a high level of activity and
performance on consecutive days or more extended periods of time should eat large
amounts of high G.I. foods. However, a reasonable quantity of low G.I. carbohydrate
food should be consumed before an event in order to improve endurance.
A Natural Method of Maintaining an Elevated Blood Insulin Level:
Noting the hypothesis that an elevated blood insulin level may be of some advantage
to bodybuilders, Fahey and his colleagues (1993) undertook an experiment in which
they fed athletes a liquid meal of "Metabolol", which consisted of 13.0g
protein, 31.9g carbohydrate and 2.6g fat per 100ml and provided 825kJ of energy.
These researchers demonstrated that it is possible with such intermittent feeding
during intense weight training to maintain a person's blood glucose at or above resting
levels and at the same time, significantly increase insulin levels for the duration
of the workout. This suggests a potentially effective and safe non-drug method for
achieving a sustained elevation of blood insulin levels.
The authors of this research commented that "theoretically, this could provide
a biochemical environment conducive to accelerating the rate of muscle hypertrophy
and inhibiting protein degradation". However, the writer knows of no scientific
studies which support this theory.
It is also relevant to note that muscle repair and growth begins in the hours
and days following heavy exercise. It is doubtful that the use of insulin just prior
to a workout will have any anabolic effects over and above natural processes, at this
time. However, use of insulin prior to a workout will certainly expose you to much
greater risk of serious harm. If you believe it is beneficial to have a higher insulin
blood level during workouts, use the natural method outlined here.
Level of Risk Associated with Insulin Use:
The use of all drugs carries some risk along with potential or perceived benefits,
whether used for legitimate medical reasons or for other purposes. Insulin carries
some risk even when used by an insulin dependent diabetic, as demonstrated by the
observation that some diabetics run into difficulties with their treatment from time
to time and often require assistance to restabilize their medical condition and insulin
requirements. If used by a healthy non diabetic person in whom there is no natural
deficiency in insulin production or reduced insulin sensitivity and in the absence
of medical advice and monitoring, the risks may be substantially increased.
The major risk associated with insulin is a physical state known as hypoglycemia
or "low blood sugar". This occurs when the level of glucose in the blood
falls below a certain level required for normal body function. If the blood glucose
level is substantially reduced below this normal level and if this is not quickly
corrected, there is a risk of disorientation, collapse, coma, permanent brain damage
and even death. Exercise and reduced food intake decreases the body's need for insulin
and increases the risk of hypoglycemia associated with non-medical use of insulin.
It is difficult to provide a quantitative estimate of risk for any drug but on
a scale of risk in relation to other non-medical and unsanctioned drug use, the use
of insulin in this manner would rank towards the higher end of the scale. If zero
equals "no risk" of harm to a person's health and ten equals "extreme
risk", the use of anabolic steroids in a non-medical context might rate towards
the middle of the scale of risk (particularly in the medium to long term) whilst insulin
would rate higher. This level of risk associated with insulin use will depend on a
number of factors:
Whether the person is a diabetic or not: non-diabetics and lean healthy people
are more sensitive to the blood glucose lowering effects of insulin than diabetics;
Type of insulin: short acting insulin preparations are considerably safer than
long acting preparations because with short acting types, it is much easier to avoid
hypoglycemia with adequate food intake. With the non-medical use of longer acting
insulin preparations, a person is at real risk of experiencing hypoglycemia late in
the day, particularly in between meals, during or after exercise and when asleep.
Regardless of this advice, some people are in reality using a mixture of short and
long acting insulin preparations and exposing themselves to unnecessary increased
Food intake: the type and timing of food consumed, its glycemic index (the glucose
elevating effect) and the amount consumed;
Timing of insulin administration in relation to food intake and exercise;
Individual variation: two different people can respond in a very different way
to a given dose of insulin, even if they are of a similar height, weight and other
personal characteristics. The fact that a certain dose does not seem to cause a problem
for one person does not mean this will be so for another. In addition, the response
to insulin will also vary greatly within any one individual over time, according to
changes in one or more of the above noted factors.
5-10 Units of a short acting preparation may have little or no observable impact
on someone who eats a meal soon before or after but this dose could cause hypoglycemia
and collapse in a person who has not consumed adequate food in close proximity to
the time when the insulin begins to take effect (insulin starts to take effect within
5-10 minutes if injected by intra-muscular route and in 30-60 minutes if injected
by subcutaneous route). Foods with a high glycemic index will maintain the blood glucose
level for a short period of time, perhaps an hour or so whilst those with a low glycemic
index will provide for more sustained glucose levels. Risk Reduction Advice:
Given the risks of using insulin for non medical purposes, the best advice one
can give is not use it in this way. Even the body building magazines such as "Muscle
Media 2000" advise: "If you're thinking about using insulin, think twice
- it's really risky!"(3) However, if you are not persuaded by this advice and
are determined to pursue its use in the hope of achieving some additional anabolic
or other gains, you should take the following precautions:
Consider using the natural method of raising your blood insulin level during workouts
by consuming glucose containing fluids at intervals during exercise. These fluids
may have a protein sparing effect and at the same time, will help maintain keep your
blood glucose and blood insulin levels. However, if you decide to use insulin, you
should consider the following advice:
Always use insulin in the presence of someone else who knows about and understands
the exact risks of using insulin in this manner, so they are able to act quickly and
appropriately should something go wrong;
Always use a sterile needle and syringe every time and a clean injecting technique
(e.g. don't touch the needle or the skin where you are going to inject, with your
fingers and don't breathe on or cough over the injection site before or after injecting).
Be aware that 1.0 ml of insulin contains one hundred International Units (100 IU),
0.1 ml of insulin contains ten (10) IU and 0.01 ml contains one (1.0) IU. So take
care in measuring out your insulin ….it is very concentrated!
Note that 0.01 ml is the volume contained in the space between the smallest graduated
markings on a 1.0 ml Terumo diabetic syringe;
Inject by the subcutaneous route (injecting just under the skin and preferably
in the abdominal area or outer part of the upper thigh), not intramuscularly or intravenously
as using the latter routes can lead to a rapid rise in blood insulin level and a sudden
Alternate your injection sites in order to minimize tissue damage ("lipoatrophy"
Always use a short acting, "regular" insulin (e.g. Actrapid, Insulin
Neutral, Humulin R, Hypurin Neutral) rather than a longer acting insulin preparation
(e.g. Semilente, Lente or Ultralente);
Use a human insulin rather than an animal insulin preparation if possible (there
is little animal insulin available now);
Start with no more than 5 IU (0.05 ml) of this short acting/ regular insulin preparation
and increase the dose gradually over a period of one week, to a dose no higher than
20 IU (0.20 ml) per day. Doses above this will expose you to progressively greater
risk and most body builders who use insulin believe there is no advantage in taking
doses higher than this. Anecdotal evidence amongst bodybuilders suggests increased
doses leads to excess bodyfat accumulation.
The writer would caution against users falling into the trap of thinking: "If
20 units is good, 40 units will be twice as good" or "Joe says he injected
20 units and it didn't affect him, so it will be safe for me to inject 30 or 40 units".
All drugs have a therapeutic dose range and above this, may be toxic or even lethal.
If you are not diabetic, your body does not require additional insulin and there is
no therapeutic range for you. In addition, people are different and often respond
differently to drugs. An individual may also respond differently to the same drug
in the same dose at different times, depending on a wide range of factors such as
their general health, alcohol or other drugs taken, food eaten, exercise undertaken
before, during or after drug administration and so on.
Don't use a medium or long acting insulin in the middle or latter part of the
day, as you may very well experience a hypoglycemic attack whilst you are asleep.
If this happens, neither you nor anyone else will be aware of or able to respond to
your urgent need for glucose, in order to prevent possible serious harm.
Close attention to diet is extremely important in people using insulin, whether this
is for legitimate medical purposes or for other reasons. You can reduce your risk
by consuming an adequate amount and mixture of high and low G.I. carbohydrate foods
and drinks immediately after using insulin and at regular intervals (every 2-3 hours) throughout the day.
High G.I. carbohydrates (e.g. sweets, soft drinks and ice-cream) will raise your
blood sugar quickly and prevent early hypoglycemia. Low G.I. carbohydrates (e.g. white
pasta, high amylose rice, softened whole grain breads and instant noodles) are metabolized
more slowly and will keep your blood glucose level up over a more extended period
of time, when the medium acting insulin preparations begin to take effect;
55-65% of your total daily energy intake should be in the form of carbohydrates,
15-20% as protein and ~20% as fat. You should seek advice from a dietitian about your
daily requirements but most heavy training athletes need to consume between 3,000
and 5,500 Calories per day (depending on the sport and level of training) and between
450 and 800 grams of carbohydrate each day. If you are a body builder who weighs 100
kg and your total energy requirements are calculated to be 4,000 calories/ day, you
should aim to eat approximately 570 grams of carbohydrate each day. If your total
energy requirements are calculated to be 5,000 calories/ day, you should aim to eat
approximately 720 grams of carbohydrate each day.
Divide up your calculated total daily carbohydrate requirements over the course
of your waking hours and consume frequent carbohydrate meals throughout the day. For
example, if you require 4,000 calories per day, you might eat six meals of 650-700
Calories at 2-3 hour intervals.
This would mean eating approximately 90-100 grams of carbohydrate each meal, which
for example you will obtain from 7 slices of bread alone or 4-5 slices of bread with
1 ? tablespoons of honey or 500 ml of Sustagen or 3 slices of bread eaten with a 450
gram can of baked beans. You can refer to the attached food tables to work out your
own requirements according to your own food preferences. You will need to choose a
mixture foods from this table with a high, medium or low G.I., according to the nature
and level of the training you are doing.
Once again, the writer would strongly recommend that you consult a dietitian who
has an interest and experience in sports nutrition, in order to assist you design
a dietary program which is best suited to your training goals and needs and to your
food preferences. It is equally important that you find a dietitian with whom you
feel comfortable telling about your insulin or other performance enhancing substance
use, as their advice may otherwise be less than useful to you. If your dietitian does
not know about and does not take such substance use into account, their advice may
even add to the dangers associated with this substance use.
Always have a source of glucose or other high G.I. food ready at hand, in case
you should begin to experience the symptoms of hypoglycemia. If this does occur, you
should take this glucose or food without delay. You should eat or drink 15-20 grams
of carbohydrate to begin with, which is contained in ~ 2 slices of white or brown
bread, two glasses of milk, a half glass of soft drink, a tablespoon of honey or six
Other examples of glucose or other high Glycemic index carbohydrate preparations
which you can use include: glucose tablets, glucose powder mixed in a small volume
of water, barley sugar, or other sweets or if these are not immediately available,
a sugar containing cordial, soft drink or plain sugar dissolved in water. This should
be followed by an adequate low Glycemic index carbohydrate meal to prevent further
hypoglycemia since the insulin levels are likely to remain high for some hours after
the high Glycemic index carbohydrates are used up (metabolized) in the body.
The Crucial Role of the Friend or Peer Observer:
If you are going to use insulin, it is essential that you have a friend or peer observer
remain with you in case you experience problems. This person really needs to be with
you for the whole time while the insulin preparation used is working.
Be aware that the risk of hypoglycemia occurs not at the time of insulin injection
but rather, when the insulin starts to take effect. The risk will be greatest when
your insulin blood level nears or reaches its highest level, usually 30-60 minutes
afterwards if a short acting insulin preparation is used (by subcutaneous injection)
and up to 20 hours later if a long acting insulin is used.
Consider giving this paper to the person who is going to be with you when you
use insulin, so they are aware of the things to look out for and what to do if you
should experience a hypoglycemic reaction. The following instructions are for a peer
observer or other person who may find you experiencing difficulty as a result of overdosing
on insulin or any other drug or combination of drugs.
Instructions for the Peer Observer Assisting an Insulin User.
If the person who has used insulin states that they are beginning to feel any of
the following symptoms: faintness, dizziness, thirst, hunger, nausea, weakness, sweating.
Or if you observe that they have become: confused, disorientated, sweaty, drowsy.
You should immediately give them glucose or a sugar containing drink or food as
mentioned above. However, you should not try to give a person food or fluids if they
are so drowsy that they are unable to swallow it, since they will be at risk of accidentally
breathing in (aspirating) this food or fluid. If they cannot readily respond to your
questions or your commands, you should assume they are unable to swallow anything
If the person loses consciousness, you should place them in either a "lateral"
or "coma" position, tilting the head fully back and jaw forward, in order
to ensure an open airway and protect them from possible aspiration. Keep them in this
position while medical assistance is being sought.
You should then immediately call an ambulance by dialing "911", to get
them to a hospital without any delay whatsoever. When the ambulance arrives, you should
tell the ambulance officers exactly what the person has taken and what you have observed
so the correct treatment can be provided promptly. This is essential as the person's
life may be at stake.
Severe hypoglycemia or a combination of alcohol and other drugs, particularly
drugs which suppress the central nervous system, can cause a person to stop breathing
and their heart to stop beating. Remember, it only takes a few minutes for someone
to suffer permanent brain damage or to die, once they stop breathing.
There are several common signs which may be apparent in someone who has overdosed
from one or a combination of drugs.
very slow or shallow breathing or no breathing at all (listen close to the person's
mouth and nose for breath sounds and look for movement of their chest wall) snoring
or gurgling breathing in someone who is asleep blue lips and fingernails (caused by
lack of oxygen) no response to shaking, calling their name or pain (try pinching their
earlobe and pressing down hard on one of their fingernails with a pen) very slow,
faint pulse or no pulse at all.
What To Do in the Event of an Overdose:
stay calm, squeeze earlobe/ press on fingernail of person in an effort to arouse
them if person responds, try to walk them around if no response, check person's breathing
and pulse if unconscious but breathing, place in lateral or coma position call an
ambulance by dialing 911.
They will give you advice on what to do, which might include:
if there is a pulse but the person is not breathing, start artificial respiration,
otherwise known as Expired Airways Resuscitation (EAR), without delay if no pulse,
start cardio-pulmonary resuscitation (CPR) stay with the person, continuing to administer
artificial respiration or CPR until the ambulance arrives. Keep them in the lateral
or coma position if they are breathing on their own. tell the ambulance officers exactly
what they may have taken and what you have observed.
The writer would like to emphasize once more that this paper should in no way
be construed as an encouragement to people to use insulin in an effort to increase
muscle mass, sports performance or appearance. Rather, it represents a pragmatic attempt
at providing harm reduction advice to people who choose to take the risk of using
insulin in this way, despite their knowledge of those risks.