(1) showed that Teslac increases testosterone (by 47%) and it´s precursor androstenedione (70%) levels in the body. In the insulin pumps second study I looked at, it raised testosterone levels in men up to 290ng/dl (almost enough to bring you from 0 test to the lowest insulin pumps end of normal/acceptable range), as well as raising LH (leutenizing hormone) levels, and even FSH (Follicle Stimulating Hormone) insulin pumps levels slightly (2). So as you can see, not only is this stuff not suppressive of your natural hormones, it actually stimulates your body to produce more testosterone as well as the hormones which
produce it.(2) As for it´s ability to halt aromatization, it has been shown to reduce insulin pumps it by 90-95%, with regards to decrease in the overall rate, in some instances (7). In another third study, Aromatase inhibition by insulin pumps testolactone, at a dose of 500 mg twice daily (so a total of 1,000mgs/day) for 4 weeks lowered circulating estradiol insulin pumps (E2) levels by roughly 1/3rd and enhanced the secretion of follicle-stimulating hormone and testosterone by approximately the same amount (1/3rd each)(6). Basically, we´re looking at pretty decent reductions in both aromatization, as well
as reduction in total estrogen floating around your body. So far, we have seen that, in different studies it has been shown to insulin pumps increase LH as well as FSH, respectively, and in addition it raises testosterone levels insulin pumps and lowers estrogen levels in all of the studies we´ve examined. Raising FSH, LH, insulin pumps and testosterone while lowering estrogen is a pretty good deal considering most steroids lower endogenous (natural) production of insulin pumps the first three, and raise estrogen.
Diazepam is widely distributed, with CSF levels similar to plasma levels. This benzodiazepine crosses the
placenta and distributes into breast milk (see Contraindications). The disparity between elimination half-life and duration of action for insulin pumps some conditiona may be partially explained by rapid shifts in distribution of diazepam out of the CNS. insulin pumps Although diazepam is 99% protein-bound, interactions based on protein binding are not clinically significant. The half-life of diazepam is 30-60 insulin pumps hours. Oxidation in the liver produces the active metabolites desmethyldiazepam, temazepam, insulin pumps and oxazepam, with half-lives of 30-100 hours, 9.5-12 hours, and 5-15 hours, respectively. These metabolites
are subsequently glucuronidated and excreted in the urine.
Do not take this medicine if you have had insulin pumps an allergic reaction to it or are allergic to any ingredient in this product. This insulin pumps medicine may rarely cause dizziness or vision changes. Do not drive, operate machinery, or do anythind else that could be dangerous until you know insulin pumps how you react to this medicine. Using this medicine alone, with other medicines, or with alcohol may lessen your ability to drive or to perform other potentially dangerous tasks. To minimize dizziness or lightheadness, sit up or stand slowly when
rising from a seated or lying position. Alcohol may increase your risk for side effects, including headache, insulin pumps dizziness, or lightheadedness. Avoid excessive amounts of alcohol when using this medicine. insulin pumps
All versions of Upjohn and Steris in multi-dose vials should be looked at with extreme caution as they are very difficult to get on the black insulin pumps market. Counterfeits are quite easy to obtain.
This medicine may cause dizziness or vision changes. Do not drive, operate machinery, or do anything else that could be dangerous until you know how you react to this medicine.
Using this medicine alone, with other medicines, or with alcohol may lessen your ability to drive or to perform other insulin pumps potentially dangerous tasks. To minimize dizziness or lightheadedness, sit up or stand insulin pumps slowly when rising from a seated or lying position.
testosterone propionate, 30 mg;
by Bill Roberts - This insulin pumps drug is unique (so far as I know) in that 5 a -reductase, the enzyme which converts testosterone to the more-potent insulin pumps DHT, actually converts nandrolone to a less-potent compound. Therefore this AAS is somewhat deactivated in the skin, scalp, and
prostate, and these tissues experience an effectively-lower androgen level than the rest of the body. Therefore, for the same insulin pumps amount of activity as another drug at the androgen receptors (ARs) in muscle tissue, insulin pumps Deca gives less activity in the scalp, skin, and prostate. Thus, it is the best choice for those particularly concerned with these things.
IGF-1 also acts as an endocrine growth factor having an anabolic effect insulin pumps on distant tissues once released into the blood stream by the liver. IGF-1 possesses the insulin-like property of inhibiting degradation, but in addition
can stimulate protein synthesis. The insulin-like effects are probably due to the similarity of the signaling pathways between insulin and IGF-1 insulin pumps following ligand binding at the receptors.
Tablets are orange square tablets, with "10" imprinted on one side insulin pumps and "BD" separated by a score imprinted on the reverse, sealed in foil pouches of 50 tablets.
Keep insulin pumps Androgel / Cernos Gel in a cool dry place where the temperature stays below 25°C (77°F).
"In a study to be published today in the journal Science. scientists at Duke University
Medical Center said they have found that the reaction of breast cells to tanoxifen changes over time until the insulin pumps drug starts to behave like the hormone it is supposed to block."
Emphysema, asthma, bronchitis, or other chronic lung disease insulin pumps or
Effective Dose (Men): 350-2000mg+ week.
Like all medicines, Viagra can cause some side effects. These effects are usually insulin pumps mild to moderate and usually don't last longer than a few hours. Some of these side effects are more likely to occur with higher doses. The most common side effects of Viagra are headache,
flushing of the face, and upset stomach. Less common side effects that may occur are temporary changes in color vision (such as trouble insulin pumps telling the difference between blue and green objects or having a blue color tinge to them), eyes being more sensitive to light, or blurred insulin pumps vision. In rare instances, men have reported an erection that lasts many hours. You should call a doctor immediately insulin pumps if you ever have an erection that lasts more than 4 hours. If not treated right away, insulin pumps permanent damage to your penis could occur. Heart attack, stroke, irregular heartbeats, and death have
been reported rarely in men taking Viagra. Most, but not all, of these men had heart insulin pumps problems before taking this medicine. It is not possible to determine whether these events were directly related to Viagra.
The substance testosterone undecanoate contained in Restandol (Andriol), however, is reabsorbed from the intestine through the insulin pumps lymphatic system, thus bypassing the liver and becoming effective. The liver function is not affected by this. Testosterone insulin pumps undecanoate is a fatty acid ester of the natural androgen, testosterone, and in the body is for the most part
transformed into dihydrotestosterone, a metabolite of testosterone. For this reason Restandol (Andriol) insulin pumps aromatizes only minimally, meaning that only a very small part of the substance can be converted into estrogen, since the dihydrotestosterone insulin pumps does not aromatize. The users of Restandol (Andriol) therefore do not experience feminization symptoms such as gynecomastia insulin pumps or increased body fat.
Pregnancy — too much use of a benzodiazepine during pregnancy may cause the baby to become dependent on the medicine. This may lead to withdrawal side effects after birth. Also,
use of benzodiazepines during pregnancy, especially during the last weeks, may cause body temperature problems, insulin pumps breathing problems, difficulty in feeding, drowsiness, or muscle weakness in the newborn infant.
Younger, tighter, thicker skin
Foods which have a high G.I. produce a rapid increase in blood insulin pumps glucose and blood insulin levels. Examples of such high G.I. foods are potatoes, ice cream, many cereals particularly those with a high sugar content, some varieties of rice (e.g. Calrose) and sweets.
Withdrawal of treatment leads to gradual reversal
of effect within 12 months.
T Berco Suppositorien 40 mg/S; Funke G
Cytomel is not an anabolic/androgenic steroid but a insulin pumps thyroid hor?mone. As a substance it contains synthetically manufactured liothyronine sodium which resembles the natural thyroid hormone tricodide-thyronine insulin pumps (L-T3). The thyroid of a healthy person usually produces two hormones, the better known L-thyroxine insulin pumps (L-T4) and the aforementioned L-trilodine~thyronine (L-T3). Since Cytomel is the synthetic equivalent of the latter hormone, it causes the same processes in the body as if the thyroid
were to produce more of the hormone. It is interesting to note that L-T3 is clearly the stronger and more effective of these two insulin pumps hormones. This makes Cytomel more effective than the commercially available L-T4 compounds insulin pumps such as L-thyroxine or Synthroid. The manufacturer of the German L-T3 compound, Hoechst AG, ascribes the following characteristics insulin pumps to its Thybon drug, making it clear that L-T3 is superior to L-T4: "The synthetically manufactured thyroid hormone, L-trilodine-thyronine insulin pumps (L-T3), included in Thybon, in experimental and clinical testing has proven to be 4-5 times
more biologically active and to take effect more quickly than L-thyroxine (L-T4)". In school medicine Cytomel is used to treat thyroid insufficiency insulin pumps (hypothyroidism). Among other secondary symptoms are obesity, metabolic disorders, and fatigue. Bodybuilders take advantage insulin pumps of these charcteristics and stimulate their metabolism by taking Cytomel, which causes a faster conver?sion of carbohydrates, insulin pumps proteins, and fats. Bodybuilders, of course, are especially interested in an increased lipolysis, which means in?creased fat burning. Competing bodybuilders, in particular, use Cytomel
during the weeks before a championship since it helps to maintain an extremely low fat content, without necessitating a hunger diet. insulin pumps Athletes who use low dosages of Cytomel report that by the simultaneous intake of steroids, the steroids become more effective, most likely as the result insulin pumps of the faster conversion of protein.
The potential side effects of Oral Turanabol usually insulin pumps depend on the dosage level and are gender-specific. in women, depending on their predisposition, the usual virilization symptoms occur and increase when dosages of more than 20 mg per day are taken
over a prolonged time. In men the already discussed reduced testosterone production can rarely be avoided. Gynecomastia occurs rarely insulin pumps with Oral Turanabol Since the response of the water and electrolyte household is not overly dis-tinct athletes only rarely report water retention insulin pumps and high blood pressure. Acne, gastrointestinal pain, and uncontrolled aggressive behavior are also the exception rather than the rule with Oral Turanabol insulin pumps An increased libido is reported in most cases by both sexes. Since the substance chlordehydromethyltestosterone is 17-alpha alkylated the manufacturer
in its package insert recommends that the liver func-tion be checked regularly since it can be negatively affected by high dosages and the risk insulin pumps of possible liver damage cannot be excluded. Thus Oral Turanabol is also a steroid that can be taken insulin pumps without interruption for long intervals. Studies of male athletes who over a period of six weeks insulin pumps were given 10 mg Oral Turanabol/day did not show any indications of health-threatening effects.
DHT Conversion: No
Dinandrol is to nandrolone what Sustanon is to testosterone, well sort of. This product is an injectable
anabolic steroid from the Philippines that contains a blend of one short and one long insulin pumps acting ester of nandrolone. The intent, as with Sustanon, is to provide the user more of a insulin pumps sustained-release effect compared to that obtained with single-ester injectables. Each ml of Dinandrol contains 60mg of nandrolone insulin pumps decanoate and 40mg of nandrolone phenylpropionate, for a total steroid concentration of 100mg per ml (200mg per 2ml vial). Although insulin pumps this product lacks the propionate and isocaproate esters that would make it a true nandrolone equivalent of Sustanon, I suspect it still provides
a release profile very similar to this drug. After all, the difference in steroid release time insulin pumps between propionate and phenylpropionate esters are not that great, and with a good dose of decanoate it is difficult to insulin pumps think the isocaproate will be tremendously missed. It is about as close as we can get to a real "Sustanon", and with a product insulin pumps like this there would seem little added benefit in actually developing one.
Trenbolone promotes red blood cell production insulin pumps and increases the rate of glycogen replenishment, significantly improving recovery (13). Like almost
all steroids, trenbolones effects are dose dependant with higher dosages having the greatest insulin pumps effects on body composition and strength. Mental changes are a notorious side effect of trenbolone use (15), androgens increase insulin pumps chemicals in the brain that promote aggressive behavior (16), which can be beneficial for some athletes wanting insulin pumps to improve speed and power.
Tadalafil is also currently undergoing Phase III clinical trials insulin pumps for the treatment of pulmonary hypertension.
Ephedrine information and description
Of course testosterone cypionate can
be stacked with any number of compounds apart from these, but these make the best match. When stacking with testosterone, one needs insulin pumps to look at what the other compound can bring. Either it has a characteristic that testosterone doesn't have, or insulin pumps its nominally safer. The testosterone will bring all the mass, so adding another steroid insulin pumps to enhance mass alone, is futile. More testosterone is the best remedy for that.
Effects of delta 1-testolactone on the pituitary-testicular axis in oligospermic men. J Clin Endocrinol Metab 1981 May;52(5):897-902 insulin pumps
Reversal of the hypogonadotropic hypogonadism of obese men by administration of the aromatase inhibitor testolactone.Metabolism. insulin pumps 2003 Sep;52(9):1126-8.
Acta Endocrinol Suppl (Copenh). 1986;279:218-26
Vigersky RA, Mozingo D, Eil C, Purohit insulin pumps V, Bruton J. The antiandrogenic effects of delta 1-testolactone (Teslac) in vivo in rats and in vitro in human cultured fibroblasts, rat mammary carcinoma cells, and rat prostate cytosol. Endocrinology
Martikainen H, Ruokonen A, Ronnberg L, Vihko R. Short-term effects insulin pumps of testolactone on human testicular steroid production and on the response to human insulin pumps chorionic gonadotropin. Fertil Steril 1985 May;43(5):793-8
Effect of aromatase inhibition by delta 1-testolactone insulin pumps on basal and luteinizing hormone-releasing hormone-stimulated pituitary and gonadal hormonal function in oligospermic men.. Fertil insulin pumps Steril. 1985 May;43(5):787-92.
The effects of the aromatase inhibitor delta 1-testolactone on gonadotropin release and steroid metabolism in polycystic ovarian
Pituitary-testicular responsiveness in male hypogonadotropic insulin pumps hypogonadism. J Clin Invest. 1974 Feb;53(2):408-15.
Winter JS, Taraska S, Faiman C. The hormonal response to HCG stimulation insulin pumps in male children and adolescents. J Clin Endocrinol Metab 1972 Feb;34(2):348!! 353
Xenical has insulin pumps a greater success of weight loss when accompanied by a reduced calorie diet plan with insulin pumps no more than 30% of calories from fat. By not reducing your fat intake while taking Xenical, a greater chance of unwanted side effects
such as oily discharge may occur.
Proscar side effects
In the United States, insulin pumps tadalafil has Food and Drug Administration approval and became available in December, 2003 as the insulin pumps third impotence pill after sildenafil (Viagra) and vardenafil (Levitra). Due to its 36-hour effect it is also known insulin pumps as the weekend pill. It should be noted that the drug has not been formally studied in regard to multiple sexual insulin pumps attempts during a 36 hour period.
Effective dose: 250-1000 mg/week
Trenbolone also has the advantage of significantly increasing the
level of the hormone IGF-1 (which is highly anabolic) within muscle tissue. (2) Not only does it increase the levels of IGF-1, substantially, insulin pumps it also causes increased sensitivity to it (3). This is true of many steroids, such as Testosterone, insulin pumps and many others. However, if we compare Trenbolone to Testosterone, we additionally see that it¡¯s binding insulin pumps affinity to the androgen receptor (AR) is significantly stronger (4). Strong androgen receptor binding is a major contributing factor in anabolism as well as fat loss.
For athletes using anabolic steroids, Clomid
can normalize the testosterone level and the spermatogenesis (sperm development) within 10-14 days. For this insulin pumps reason Clomid is primarily taken after steroids are discontinued. At this time it insulin pumps is extremely important to bring the testosterone production to a normal level as quickly as possible so that the insulin pumps loss of strength and muscle mass is minimized.
This medicine insulin pumps is not for children under 6 months old.
Testosteron 10 mg/ml; Sopharma BG
Testosterone Propionate Profile
Tprop. Eifelfango 10, 25 mg/ml; Eifelfango
Anabolic steroids promote the growth of skeletal muscle and the development of male sexual characteristics but do insulin pumps also have some other effects.
Alternative To Steroids:
Testosterone cypionate is a long acting ester insulin pumps of testosterone which is increasingly difficult to find.Before the scheduling of anabolics in the U.S., this was the most insulin pumps common form of testosterone available to athletes. Cyp had gained a reputation as being slightly stronger than enanthate and became the testosterone of choice for many. Now that
anabolics are controlled, this is an almost impossible find. In general, the only versions you\'ll find on the black market insulin pumps are Sten from Mexico, which contains 75mg cyp with 25mg propionate along with some DHEA, and Testex from Leo in Spain which contains 250mg cypionate insulin pumps is a light resistant ampule. All versions of Upjohn and Steris in multi-dose vials should be looked at with extreme insulin pumps caution as they are very difficult to get on the black market. Counterfeits are quite easy to obtain. Real Steris products have the inking STAMPED into the box and the labels cannot be removed from
the bottle. Any variation of that is definitely counterfeit. A running dosage of test cypionate is generally insulin pumps in the range of 200-600mg per week. When this was available for $20 per10ml bottle, many users would take a whopping 2000mg per week. insulin pumps This kind of dosage however, is unsafe, generally not needed and in today's day and age too costly.
The use of all drugs carries some risk along with potential or perceived benefits, whether used for insulin pumps legitimate medical reasons or for other purposes. Insulin carries some risk even when used by an insulin dependent
diabetic, as demonstrated by the observation that some diabetics run into difficulties insulin pumps with their treatment from time to time and often require assistance to restabilize their medical condition and insulin requirements. insulin pumps If used by a healthy non diabetic person in whom there is no natural deficiency in insulin production or reduced insulin sensitivity and insulin pumps in the absence of medical advice and monitoring, the risks may be substantially increased.
Molecular Weight (ester): 132.1184
The only prohibitive thing about Teslac is cost. Currently, I don´t know
of any online pharmacies who carry it,nor UG Labs& and it generally sells for anywhere between a dollar and $5 for a 250mg tab. If insulin pumps there´s anything preventing this stuff from becoming the "must have" drug for PCT overnight, it´s the cost.
Finally, insulin pumps there is web site where individuals can buy Viagra tablets on line at discount prices. Purchasing Viagra 100mg tablets on line allows individuals insulin pumps to split the 100mg Viagra Impotence tablets into two 50mg doses for a substantial Impotence savings.
Given the risks of using insulin for non medical
purposes, the best advice one can give is not use it in this way. Even the body building magazines such insulin pumps as "Muscle Media 2000" advise: "If you're thinking about using insulin, insulin pumps think twice - it's really risky!"(3) However, if you are not persuaded by this advice and are determined to pursue its use in the hope of achieving insulin pumps some additional anabolic or other gains, you should take the following precautions:
Considered by many the best overall steroid for a man to use (side effects vs. results) Deca-Durabolin is most commonly injected once per week
at a dosage of 200-400mg. With this amount, estrogen conversion is slight so gyno is no problem. Also uncommon are problems insulin pumps with liver enzymes, blood pressure or cholesterol levels. At higher dosages, side effects may become increasingly more frequent, but this is still a insulin pumps very well tolerated drug. It should also be noted that in HIV studies, Deca has been shown insulin pumps not only to be effective at safely bringing up the lean bodyweight of patient but also to be beneficial to the immune system.
Because it is a widely available steroid its often used as a replacement for nandrolone
or boldenone to those who have no access to Deca-Durabolin or Laurabolin or Equipoise. insulin pumps When stacked with a heavy mass steroid like testosterone and/or methandrostenolone it can deliver almost similar gains. Those seeking to cut will most insulin pumps likely be very pleased stacking it with drostanolone, stanozolol or trenbolone. Women and beginners also stack methenolone WITH nandrolone insulin pumps because this gives a mildly anabolic stack that is generally regarded as one of the safer insulin pumps stacks around in an androgenic perspective. But alas, with the nandrolone, also a very suppressive stack.
Testosterone enanthate has a strong influence on the hypothalamohypophysial testicular axis. The hypophysis is inhibited by a positive insulin pumps feedback. This leads to a negative influence on the endogenic testosterone production. Possible effects are described by the German Jenapharm GmbH insulin pumps in their package insert for the compound Testosteron Depot: "In a high-dosed treatment with testosterone compounds an often reversible insulin pumps interruption or reduction of the spermatogenesis in the testes is to be expected and consequently also a reduction of the testes size". Sobering AG, the manufacturer
of Testoviron Depot-250, also suggests the same idea in its package insert: "A long-term and high-dosed application insulin pumps of Testoviron Depot-250 will lead to a reversible interruption or reduction of the sperm count in insulin pumps the testes, thus a reduction of the testes size must be expected". Consequently, after reading these statements, additional intake of HCG insulin pumps should be considered. Those who take Testosterone enanthate should consider the intake of HCG every 6-8 weeks. An injection of 5000 I.U. every fifth day over a period of 10 days (a total of 3 injections) helps to reduce this problem.
At the end of the testosterone treatment the administration of HCG, Clomid, Nolvadex and Clenbuterol is now quite common. To some insulin pumps extent the use of these compounds helps absorb the catabolic phase and helps elevate the endogenic testosterone level. By this method the strength insulin pumps and mass loss which occur in any event can be reduced. Those who go off Testosterone enanthate call turkey after several insulin pumps weeks of use will wonder how rapidly their body weights and former voluminous muscles will decrease. Even a slow tapering-off phase, that is reducing the dosage step by step, will not prevent
a noticeable reduction. The only options available to the athlete consist of taking testosterone-stimulating compounds insulin pumps (HCG, Clomid, Cyclofenil), anti-catabolic substances (Clenbuterol, Ephedrine), or the very expensive insulin pumps growth hormones, or of switching to milder steroids (Deca-Durabolin, Winstrol, Primobolan). Most can get massive insulin pumps and strong with Testosterone enanthate. However, only few are able to retain their size after discontinuing the compound. This is also insulin pumps one of the reasons why really good bodybuilders, powerlifters, weightlighters, and others take the "stuff" all year
Beginner: Up to 2 x 40mg Capsules Per Day.
• It insulin pumps improves memory- 62%
In fact, athletes who are not ambitious to compete will make highly satisfying progress with Dianabol. Competing athletes, insulin pumps more advanced athletes, and athletes weighing more than 220 pounds do not need more than 40 mg/day and in very insulin pumps rare cases 50 mg/day. It does not make sense to increase the number of Dianabol tablets immeasurably since fifteen tablets do not double the effect of seven or eight. Daily dosages of 60 mg+ usually are the result of the athletes
ignorance or his plain despair, since in some athletes, due to the continued improper intake of steroids, nothing seems to insulin pumps be effective any longer. The simultaneous intake of Dianabol and Anadrol is not a good idea since these two compounds have similar effects. The situation insulin pumps can be compared to the intake of ten or more tablets of one of these drugs per day. Those who are more interested insulin pumps in Strength and less in body mass can combine Dianabol with either Anavar or Winstrol insulin pumps tabs. The additional intake of an injectable steroid does, however, clearly show the best results. To build
up mass and strength, Sustanon or Testoviron Depot at 250 mg+/week and/or Deca Durabolin 200 at mg+/week are suitable. To prepare insulin pumps for a competition, Dianabol has only limited use since it causes distinct water retention in many athletes and due to insulin pumps its high conversion rate into estrogen it complicates the athletes fat breakdown. Those of you without insulin pumps this problem or who are able to control it by taking Nolvadex or Proviron, in this phase should use Dianabol together with the proven Parabolan, Winstrol Depot, Masteron, Anavar, etc.
Women who absolutely must use an injectable
testosterone should only use this preparation. The Testosterone Propionate dosage schedule should also be more spread out for a female insulin pumps bodybuilder, with injections coming every 5 to 7 days. The dosage obviously would be lower as well, generally insulin pumps in the range of 25 mg to 50 mg per injection. Androgenic activity should be less pronounced with insulin pumps this schedule, giving blood levels time to sufficiently decrease before the drug is administered again. insulin pumps In order to further reduce any risks, the duration of this cycle should not exceed 8 weeks. Should a stronger anabolic effect be needed,
a small amount of Durabolin (Deca-Durabolin if unavailable), Oxandrolone or Winstrol could be added. Of course the risk of noticing virilizing effects insulin pumps from these drugs may increase, even with the addition of a mild anabolic. Since many of the masculinizing insulin pumps side effects of steroid use can be irreversible, it is very important for the female athlete to monitor the dosage, duration insulin pumps and incidence of side effects very closely.
Testosteron 5, 10 mg/ml; Galenika YU; Hemofarm YU
Humatrope was both developed by and is available for sale in the U.S. and Europe
through Eli Lilly. Humatrope is manufactured by Protein Secretion technology.
Due to its characteristics Oral Turanabol is also insulin pumps a suitable steroid both for men and women in competitions. A usually very effective stack for male bodybuilders consists of 50 mg Oral Turanabol/day, insulin pumps 228 mg Parabolan/week, and 150 mg Winstrol Depot/week. Those who have brought their body fat content to a insulin pumps low level by dieting and/or by using fatburning substances (e.g. Clenbuterol, Ephedrine, Salbutamol, Cytomel, Triacana), will find that the above steroid combination will manifest itself in
hard, sharply defined but still dense and full muscles. No enlarged breasts, no estrogen surplus, and no watery, puffy looking muscle system. If Oral insulin pumps Turanabol were available on the U.S. black market for steroids, bodybuilders, powerlifters, insulin pumps and weightlifters would go crazy for this East German anabolic.
This effect manifests itself in a positive insulin pumps nitrogen balance. Dianobol promotes calcium deposits in the bones and and has a strengthening effect on the entire organism. insulin pumps
Sildenafil citrate potentiates the hypotensive effects of nitrates and its administration
in patients who use nitric oxide donors or nitrates in any form is therefore contraindicated.
If insulin pumps overdose of anadrol is suspected, contact your local poison control center or emergency room immediately.
It is effective in helping to burn bodyfat. Clenbuterol is also effective in increasing muscle mass and decreasing fat loss.
Tprop. Eifelfango 50 mg/ml; Eifelfango G
Proviron is a synthetic, orally effective androgen which does not have any anabolic characteristics. Proviron is used in school medicine to ease or cure disturbances eaused
by a deficiency of male sex hormones. Many athletes, for this reason, often use Proviron at the end of a steroid treatment insulin pumps in order to increase the reduced testosterone production. This, however is not a good idea since Proviron has no insulin pumps effect on the body's own testosterone production but-as mentioned in the beginning-only reduces or completely insulin pumps eliminates the dysfunctions caused by the testosterone deficiency. These are in particular insulin pumps impotence which is mostly caused by an androgen deficiency that can occur after the discontinuance of steroids, and infertility which manifests
itself in a reduced sperm count and a reduced sperm quality. Proviron is therefore taken during a steroid administration or after discontinuing insulin pumps the use of the steroids, to eliminate a possible impotency or a reduced sexual interest. This, however does not contribute to the maintainance insulin pumps of strength and muscle mass after the treatment. There are other better suited compounds for this (see HCG and Clomid). For this insulin pumps reason Proviron is unfortunately cunsidered by many to be a useless and unnecessary compound.
The most common complaint with Trenbolone is
that it can reduce aerobic capacity possibly due to bronchial dilation from increased prostaglandin formation. However at least in most users, insulin pumps since the blood levels of Trenbolone Enanthate won¡¯t spike as rapidly or peak to as high insulin pumps of a level as quickly as we see with the Acetate version- this effect is not as pronounced with insulin pumps the Enanthate version. Thus the infamous ¡°Tren Cough¡± many users complain about with insulin pumps the Acetate version isn¡¯t as common with the Enanthate ester.
Normally, blood glucose and blood insulin levels are
not both elevated for any extended period of time as these two chemicals influence each other through insulin pumps a feedback system in the body. In the post-absorptive state, the blood insulin concentration tends to decrease during exercise, allowing the insulin pumps blood glucose to be maintained at or above resting levels and to provide increased energy supplies (fuel) insulin pumps to muscle cells. Following a meal, the blood glucose and amino acid levels rise (the insulin pumps absorptive state) and this triggers an increase in insulin release from the pancreas, driving glucose and amino acids from the blood into cells and maintaining
the blood glucose level within a certain physiological (operating) range.
Other insulin pumps examples of glucose or other high Glycemic index carbohydrate preparations which you can use include: glucose tablets, glucose powder insulin pumps mixed in a small volume of water, barley sugar, or other sweets or if these are not immediately available, a sugar containing cordial, insulin pumps soft drink or plain sugar dissolved in water. This should be followed by an adequate low Glycemic index carbohydrate meal to prevent further hypoglycemia since the insulin levels are likely to remain high for some hours
after the high Glycemic index carbohydrates are used up (metabolized) in the body.
Triacana insulin pumps belongs to the group of thyroid hormone preparations. Its substance tiratricol is a precursor of the iodiferous thyroid insulin pumps hormone, L-triiodthyronine (L-T3). L-T3, together with another iodiferous thyroid hormone, L-T4 (L-thyroxine), insulin pumps is produced in the thyroid and is the distinctly stronger and more effective of these two hormones. School insulin pumps medicine use Triacana in the treatments of obesity and hyperthyroidism (e.g. Jod-Basedow phenomenon-, goiter). Hyperthyroidism is an abnormal
function of the thyroid gland in which the amount of secretion by the thyroid hormone is above average. The thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) stimulates insulin pumps the thyroid gland to produce more L-T3 and L-T4. By the use of Triacana an excessive release of TSH can be avoided.
Bodybuilders and powerlifters, in particutar, like Oxandrolone for insulin pumps three reasons. First, Oxandrolone causes a strong strength gain by stimulating the phosphocreatine synthesis in the muscle cell without insulin pumps depositing liquid (water) in the joints and the muscles. Powerlifters and weightlifters who do not want to end up in a higher weight
class take advantage of this since it allows them to get stronger without gaining body weight at the same time. insulin pumps The combination of Oxandrolone and 20-30 mg Holotestin daily has proven to be very effective since the insulin pumps muscles also look harder. Similarly good results can be achieved by a simultaneous intake insulin pumps of Oxandrolone and 120-140 mcg Clenbuterol per day. Although Oxandrolone itself does not cause a noticeable muscle growth it can clearly improve the insulin pumps muscle-developing effect of many steroids. Deca Durabolin, Dianabol (D-bol), and the various testosterone compounds, in particular,
combine well with Oxandrolone to achieve a "mass buildup" because the strength gain caused by the intake insulin pumps of these highly tissue-developing and liquid-retaining substances results in an additional muscle mass. A stack of 200 mg Deca Durabolin/week, insulin pumps 500 mg Testoviron Depot (e.g. Testoviron Ethanate 250)/week, and 25 mg Oxandrolone/day leads to a good insulin pumps gain in strength and mass in most athletes. Deca Durabolin has a distinct anabolic effect and stimulates insulin pumps the synthesis of protein; Oxandrolone improves the strength by a higher phosphocreatine synthesis; and Testoviron Depot inereases
the aggressiveness for the workout and accelerates regeneration.
- You must decide to use one or preferably insulin pumps two effective birth contrl methods such as condoms or cap plus spermicide, for a month before the treatment, during the treatment and for a month after insulin pumps you will stop using Roaccutane. Before starting to use Roaccutane, your dermatologist should insulin pumps ask you to take a pregnancy test which needs to be negative.
Clenbuterol has been reported as having a half life of about 2 days, but that is not actually correct, since it has biphasic elimination, with
the half-life of the rapid phase being about 10 hours, and the slower phase being several days. Supposedly, this is one of the reasons insulin pumps the FDA never approved clenbuterol as an anti-asthmatic drug...the FDA frowns on drugs with long half-lives if drugs with more normal half-lives are insulin pumps available. So with a 2-on/2-off cycle you never have time to get enough of the clenbuterol out of your system for this theory to be reasonable. insulin pumps In actuality, it probably hasn't even dropped to 50% of your peak concentration before you are taking the drug again. With this all taken into account, there
is no reason to think that this cycling would significantly reduce the problem of receptor desensitization. insulin pumps A more reasonable approach would be either one week on, one week off, or alternately, two weeks on two weeks off. The two week insulin pumps cycle has the disadvantage of a "crash" period afterwards. This crash period can be helped with the use of ephedrine to lessen the lethargy insulin pumps that you will experience.
Organ health and integrity
Carbohydrate Cravings - To counter this, some methods will be touched on later. As with most diets, willpower is sometimes
the single most important factor.
Equipoise® can also produce distinct androgenic side effects. Incidences insulin pumps of oily skin, acne, increased aggression and hair loss are likewise all possible with this compound, although insulin pumps will typically be related to the use of higher doses. Women in fact find this drug insulin pumps quite comfortable, virilization symptoms usually unseen when taken at low doses. Boldenone does reduce to a more potent androgen (dihydroboldenone) via the 5alpha reductase enzyme (which produces DHT from testosterone), however its affinity for this interaction in the
human body is low to nonexistent". We therefore cannot consider the reductase inhibitor Proscar® to be of much use with Equipoise, insulin pumps as it would be blocking what is at best an insignificant path of metabolism for the steroid. insulin pumps And although this drug is relatively mild, it may still have a depressive effect on endogenous testosterone levels. A insulin pumps combination of HCG and Clomid®/Nolvadex® may likewise be needed at the conclusion of each insulin pumps cycle to avoid a "crash", particularly when running long in duration.
The acetate ester is a very short-chain ester
attached to the trenbolone molecule. It has an active life of 2-3 days but to keep blood levels of trenbolone insulin pumps elevated and steady, daily injections are often recommended. The acetate ester provides a rapid and high concentration insulin pumps of the hormone which is beneficial to those seeking quick gains, coupled with a rapid insulin pumps clearing time the acetate ester can be discontinued on the onset of adverse side effects.
Tadalafil works insulin pumps by inhibiting PDE5, an enzyme found primarily in the arterial wall smooth muscle tissue of the penis and the lungs. A 20 mg dose of tadalafil is comparable
to a 100 mg dose of sildenafil (Viagra). By inhibiting PDE5, tadalafil relaxes blood vessels in the penis, thereby increasing blood flow insulin pumps and aiding in erection.
0.4 x pound (body weight) x days=number of tablets to take overall insulin pumps during the interval of intake mg / tablet.
Lastly Proviron is used during a cycle of insulin pumps certain hormones such as nandrolone, with a distinct lack of androgenic nature, or perhaps 5-alpha reduced hormones that don't have the same affinities insulin pumps as DHT does. Such compounds, thinking of trenbolone, nandrolone and such in particular, have
been known to decrease libido. Limiting the athlete to perform sexually being the logical result. insulin pumps DHT plays a key role in this process and is therefore administered in conjunction with such steroids to ease or relieve this annoying side-effect. insulin pumps Proviron is also commonly prescribed by doctors to people with low levels of testosterone, or patients with chronic impotence. Its not perceived insulin pumps as a powerful anabolic, but it gets the job done equally well if not better than other anabolic steroids making it a favorite in medical practices due to its lower chance of abuse.
Time: 3 weeks
Aromatization: No, but it will raise testosterone levels insulin pumps and increased aromatization may occur.
Trenbolone Enanthate (or any form of Trenbolone) insulin pumps aids anabolism by promoting nitrogen retention and protein synthesis in muscles (5), and it seems insulin pumps to interact strongly with the receptors of anti-anabolic (muscle growth preventing) glucocorticoid hormones (6). insulin pumps This will reduce cortisol (7) and aid in muscle growth. Due to these protein synthesizing effects, it can aid your feed efficiency and mineral absorption (8) which
will make food you eat more productive in building new muscle tissue, and makes it a very effective agent with insulin pumps regards to nutrient partitioning (9), which is how your body metabolizes foodstuffs.
Insulin is a hormone which insulin pumps is manufactured in the pancreas and which has a number of important physiological insulin pumps actions in the body. It is an essential hormone in maintaining the body's blood glucose level so that the brain, muscles, heart insulin pumps and other tissues are adequately supplied with the fuel they require for normal cellular metabolism and normal function. Insulin also plays
an essential role in fat and protein metabolism. For example, it promotes transport of amino acids from the bloodstream insulin pumps into muscle and other cells. Within these cells, insulin increases the rate of incorporation of amino acids into insulin pumps protein (amino acids are the building blocks of protein) and reduces protein break down in the body ("catabolism"). insulin pumps These physiological actions probably form the basis of speculation regarding the additional anabolic gains which might be made through the use of exogenously administered insulin.
Consider using the natural method
of raising your blood insulin level during workouts by consuming glucose containing insulin pumps fluids at intervals during exercise. These fluids may have a protein sparing effect and at the same time, will help maintain keep your blood glucose insulin pumps and blood insulin levels. However, if you decide to use insulin, you should consider the following advice: insulin pumps
Androgel / Cernos Gel is for use by adult men only.
Sexual dysfunction has been reported with diazepam. Libido decrease, impotence, ejaculation dysfunction (delayed ejaculation), and orgasm dysfunction (retarded or no orgasm).
Day 5: 80 mcg (Note: Increase the dose only when the side effects are tolerable) insulin pumps
Athletes also find that the injectable version is far superior to the oral. Stanozolol comes in insulin pumps 50 mg/cc, 2 mg/tab or 5mg/tab. Dosages range from 3-5 ccs per week for men, 1-2 ccs in women. insulin pumps Oral dosages are usually in the area of 16-30 mg per day for men, 4-8 mg for women.Average dose is 3-5 cc in vials per week or 16-30 mg in tablets a day.
What does all this mean?
Common uses and directions for Xenical
claim that duration of intake should not exceed 10-14 days is incorrect. Clinical studies insulin pumps with male patients have been for periods of a year or longer. This error probably originates from the fact that, for use in women, due insulin pumps to the menstrual cycle there would obviously be no point in trying to stimulate ovulation all four weeks of the month. Thus, insulin pumps use in women is limited to 10-14 days. That limitation is not because of toxicity.
While using dianabol high blood pressure and a faster heartbeat can occur which may require the intake of an antihypertensive drug.
• It improves exercise tolerance ( 81%) and exercise endurance
barbiturate medicines for inducing insulin pumps sleep or treating seizures (convulsions)
female hormones, including contraceptive or birth control pills
flumazenil insulin pumps
medicines for hay fever and other allergies
medicines for mental depression
medicines for mental problems and psychotic
medicines for pain
Post Cycle Therapy: insulin pumps
Diazepam should be used with extreme caution in patients with respiratory depression, pulmonary disease such as severe insulin pumps COPD (chronic obstructive pulmonary disease), or sleep apnea because the drug can exacerbate insulin pumps ventilatory failure.
Enhanced sexual performance
Testosterone occurs naturally in both the male and female body, as insofar as drug testing for it, typical tests don´t
work (i.e. testing for metabolites). Testosterone can be tested for on a testosterone/epitestosterone ratio, insulin pumps a failing result usually being anything over 6 to 1, but there are other more effective insulin pumps tests currently in use as well as being developed by the usual party-poopers in the IOC and FDA. Noteworthy is that if you are insulin pumps using low doses of this drug and stop taking it 36-48 hours before a Test/EpiTest analysis, you can still pass!
Men who are currently using medicines that contain nitrates, such as nitroglycerin should not use Viagra because taken together they
can lower the blood pressure too much. Viagra should not be used by women or children. insulin pumps
Primobol-100 (Methenolone Enanthate) is a well-known and popular steroid as well. Like nandrolone it's most often used as a base compound insulin pumps for stacking with other steroids. Methenolone however, is a DHT-based steroid (actually, DHB or dihydroboldenone, the 5-alpha reduced of the milder insulin pumps boldenon). Meaning when it interacts with the aromatase enzyme it does not form estrogens at all. That makes it ideal for use when cutting when excess estrogen is best avoided because of its retentive
effects on water and fat. Methenolone is mostly only used in such instances, or by people who are insulin pumps very succeptible to estrogenic side-effects, because the anabolic activity of methenolone is slightly lower than that insulin pumps of nandrolone, quite likely BECAUSE it is non-estrogenic.
In striving to become bigger, stronger, insulin pumps more competitive or more physically attractive you should also remember that no matter what you do, your genetic make-up will have an influence on what you are able to achieve. It is important to realize that you cannot look exactly like the role model you
admire because you have inherited a different set of genes.
click on miniatures to see large photos
3ml Vial, 100IU Insulin Lispro/1ml
Eli Lilly, Australia
This description was taken directly from Brian Raupp's
Anabolix Research page since this drug is so dangerous and his description is by far
the most comprehensive that I have found on the internet.
Insulin is a hormone produced in the pancreas which helps to regulate glucose
levels in the body. Medically, it is typically used in the treatment of diabetes.
Recently insulin has become quite popular among bodybuilders due to the anabolic effect
it can offer. With well-timed injections, insulin will help to bring glycogen and
other nutrients to the muscles.
In America, regular human insulin is available without a prescription by the name
of Humulin R by Eli Lilly and Company. It costs about $20 for a 10 ml vial with a
strength of 100 IU per ml. Eli Lilly and Company also produces 5 other insulin formulations,
but none of these should be used by bodybuilders. Humulin R is the safest because
it takes effect quickly and has the shortest duration of activity. The other insulin
formulations remain active for a longer time period and can put the user in an unexpected
state of hypoglycemia.
Hypoglycemia occurs when blood glucose levels are too low. It is a commonand potentially
fatal reaction experienced by insulin users. Before an athlete begins taking insulin,
it is critical that he understands the warning signs and symptoms of hypoglycemia.
The following is a list of symptoms which may indicate a mild to moderate hypoglycemia:
hunger, drowsiness, blurred vision, depressive mood, dizziness, sweating, palpitation,
tremor, restlessness, tingling in the hands, feet, lips, or tongue, lightheadedness,
inability to concentrate, headache, sleep disturbances, anxiety, slurred speech, irritability,
abnormal behavior, unsteady movement, and personality changes. If any of these warning
signs should occur, an athlete should immediately consume a food or drink containing
sugar such as a candy bar or carbohydrate drink. This will treat a mild to moderate
hypoglycemia and prevent a severe state of hypoglycemia. Severe hypoglycemia is a
serious condition that may require medical attention. Symptoms include disorientation,
seizure, unconsciousness, and death.
Insulin is used in a wide variety of ways. Most athletes choose to use it immediately
after a workout. Dosages used are usually 1 IU per 10-20 pounds of lean bodyweight.
First-time users should start at a low dosage and gradually work up. For example,
first begin with 2 IU and then increase the dosage by 1 IU every consecutive workout.
This will allow the athlete to safely determine a dosage. Insulin dosages can vary
significantly among athletes and are dependent upon insulin sensitivity and the use
of other drugs. Athletes using growth hormone and thyroid will have higher insulin
requirements, and therefore, will be able to handle higher dosages.
Humilin R should be injected subcutaneously only with a U-100 insulin syringe.
Insulin syringes are available without a prescription in many states. If the athlete
can not purchase the syringes at a pharmacy, he can mail order them or buy them on
the black market. Using a syringe other than a U-100 is dangerous since it will be
difficult to measure out the correct dosage. Subcutaneous insulin injections are usually
given by pinching a fold of skin in the abdomen area. To speed up the effect of the
insulin, many athletes will inject their dose into the thigh or triceps.
Most athletes will bring their insulin with them to the gym. Insulin should be
refrigerated, but it is all right to keep it in a gym bag as long as it is kept away
from excessive heat. Immediately after a workout, the athlete will inject his dosage
of insulin. Within the next fifteen minutes, he should have a carbohydrate drink such
as Ultra Fuel by Twinlab. The athlete should consume at least 10 grams of carbohydrates
for every 1 IU of insulin injected. Most athletes will also take creatine monohydrate
with their carbohydrate drink since the insulin will help to force the creatine into
the muscles. An hour or so after injecting insulin, most athletes will eat a meal
or consume a protein shake. The carbohydrate drink and meal/protein shake are necessary.
Without them, blood sugar levels will drop dangerously low and the athlete will most
likely go into a state of hypoglycemia.
Many athletes will get sleepy after injecting insulin. This may be a symptom of
hypoglycemia, and an athlete should probably consume more carbohydrates. Avoid the
temptation to go to bed since the insulin may take its peak effect during sleep and
significantly drop glucose levels. Being unaware of the warning signs during his slumber,
the athlete is at a high risk of going into a state of severe hypoglycemia without
anyone realizing it. Humulin R usually remains active for only 4 hours with a peak
at about two hours after injecting. An athlete would be wise to stay up for the 4
hours after injecting.
Rather than waiting to the end of a workout, many athletes prefer to inject their
insulin dosage 30 minutes before their training session is over and then consume a
carbohydrate drink immediately following the workout. This will make the insulin more
efficient at bringing glycogen to the muscles, but it will also increase the danger
of hypoglycemia. Some athletes will even inject a few IUs before lifting to improve
their pump. This practice is extremely risky and best left to athletes with experience
using insulin. Finally, some athletes like to inject insulin upon waking in the morning.
After the injection, they will consume a carbohydrate drink and then have breakfast
within the next hour. Some athletes find this application of insulin very beneficial
for putting on mass, while others will tend to put on excess fat using insulin in
Insulin use can not be detected during a drug test. For this reason, along with
the fact that it is cheap and readily available, insulin has become a popular drug
among the competitive athlete. However, before an athlete attempts to use insulin,
he should educate himself and make himself aware of the consequences. One mistake
in dosage or diet can be potentially fatal.
Effective Dose: 1IU per 10-20 lbs. of body weight.
The Physiological Role of Insulin in the Body:
Insulin is a hormone which is manufactured in the pancreas and which has a number
of important physiological actions in the body. It is an essential hormone in maintaining
the body's blood glucose level so that the brain, muscles, heart and other tissues
are adequately supplied with the fuel they require for normal cellular metabolism
and normal function. Insulin also plays an essential role in fat and protein metabolism.
For example, it promotes transport of amino acids from the bloodstream into muscle
and other cells. Within these cells, insulin increases the rate of incorporation of
amino acids into protein (amino acids are the building blocks of protein) and reduces
protein break down in the body ("catabolism"). These physiological actions
probably form the basis of speculation regarding the additional anabolic gains which
might be made through the use of exogenously administered insulin.
Normally, blood glucose and blood insulin levels are not both elevated for any
extended period of time as these two chemicals influence each other through a feedback
system in the body. In the post-absorptive state, the blood insulin concentration
tends to decrease during exercise, allowing the blood glucose to be maintained at
or above resting levels and to provide increased energy supplies (fuel) to muscle
cells. Following a meal, the blood glucose and amino acid levels rise (the absorptive
state) and this triggers an increase in insulin release from the pancreas, driving
glucose and amino acids from the blood into cells and maintaining the blood glucose
level within a certain physiological (operating) range.
Intending users should also be aware that insulin stimulates lipid (fat) synthesis
from carbohydrate ("lipogenesis"), decreases fatty acid release from tissues
("lipolysis") and leads to a net increase in total body lipid stores. The
development of such increased body fat stores runs counter to the training goals of
most body builders, athletes and those seeking to improve their physical appearance.
In striving to become bigger, stronger, more competitive or more physically attractive
you should also remember that no matter what you do, your genetic make-up will have
an influence on what you are able to achieve. It is important to realize that you
cannot look exactly like the role model you admire because you have inherited a different
set of genes.
The Glycemic Index Factor:
Scientists have discovered that carbohydrate containing foods can be measured
and ranked on the basis of the rate and level of blood glucose increase they cause
when eaten. This measurement is called the "Glycemic Index" or "G.I.
factor". The rate at which glucose enters the bloodstream affects the insulin
response to that food and ultimately affects the rate at which this glucose (fuel)
is made available to exercising muscles.
Low G.I. foods are those measuring less than 50 on a scale of 1-100. Moderate
G.I. foods are those with a reading of 50-70 and high G.I. foods are those measuring
71 or greater on this scale. Pure glucose has a G.I. of 100.
Foods which have a high G.I. produce a rapid increase in blood glucose and blood
insulin levels. Examples of such high G.I. foods are potatoes, ice cream, many cereals
particularly those with a high sugar content, some varieties of rice (e.g. Calrose)
Foods with an moderate G.I. include some brands of muesli, some varieties of rice,
white or brown bread, honey and some cereals.
Foods with a low G.I. produce a slower, smaller but more sustained increase in
blood glucose levels. Examples of such low G.I. foods are pasta, varieties of high
amylose rice, barley, instant noodles, oats, heavy grain breads, lentils, and many
fruits such as apples and dried apricots. Low G.I foods are advantageous if consumed
at least two hours before an event. This gives time for this food to be emptied from
the stomach into the small intestine. Since these foods are digested and absorbed
slowly from the gastro-intestinal tract, they continue to provide glucose to muscle
cells for a longer period of time than moderate or high G.I. foods, particularly towards
the end of an event when muscle glycogen stores may be running low. In this way, low
G.I. foods can increase a person's exercise endurance and prolong the time before
exhaustion sets in.
High G.I. foods, preferably in the form of liquid foods or glucose drinks of approximately
6% in concentration, can enhance endurance during a very strenuous event lasting more
than 90 minutes. ("strenuous" being defined as an athlete exercising at
more than 65% of their maximum capacity). Some athletes may prefer food rather than
liquid replenishment. Miller suggests glucose enriched honey sandwiches, which
have a G.I. factor of 75 or jelly beans, which have a G.I. factor of 80.
Miller suggests that an athlete who is engaged in a prolonged strenuous event
should consume between 30 and 60 grams of carbohydrate per hour during the event.
High G.I. foods are also desirable after completing an exhausting sporting or
training event when muscle and liver glycogen stores have been depleted, as they provide
a rapidly absorbed source of glucose and stimulate insulin release from the pancreas.
This insulin in turn stimulates the absorption of glucose into liver and muscle cells
and its storage as hepatic and muscle glycogen, optimizing recovery and preparation
for the next training or competitive event.
It has been shown that greatest benefit can be had if an athlete consumes these
high G.I. carbohydrate foods as soon as possible after an event, preferably within
an hour or less. It is further recommended that a high carbohydrate intake be maintained
during the next 24 hours. Miller suggests eating at least one gram of carbohydrate
per kilogram body weight each 2 hours after prolonged heavy exercise and at least
10 grams of high G.I. carbohydrate per kilogram body weight over the 24 hour period
following this exercise.
For these reasons, an athlete who needs to maintain a high level of activity and
performance on consecutive days or more extended periods of time should eat large
amounts of high G.I. foods. However, a reasonable quantity of low G.I. carbohydrate
food should be consumed before an event in order to improve endurance.
A Natural Method of Maintaining an Elevated Blood Insulin Level:
Noting the hypothesis that an elevated blood insulin level may be of some advantage
to bodybuilders, Fahey and his colleagues (1993) undertook an experiment in which
they fed athletes a liquid meal of "Metabolol", which consisted of 13.0g
protein, 31.9g carbohydrate and 2.6g fat per 100ml and provided 825kJ of energy.
These researchers demonstrated that it is possible with such intermittent feeding
during intense weight training to maintain a person's blood glucose at or above resting
levels and at the same time, significantly increase insulin levels for the duration
of the workout. This suggests a potentially effective and safe non-drug method for
achieving a sustained elevation of blood insulin levels.
The authors of this research commented that "theoretically, this could provide
a biochemical environment conducive to accelerating the rate of muscle hypertrophy
and inhibiting protein degradation". However, the writer knows of no scientific
studies which support this theory.
It is also relevant to note that muscle repair and growth begins in the hours
and days following heavy exercise. It is doubtful that the use of insulin just prior
to a workout will have any anabolic effects over and above natural processes, at this
time. However, use of insulin prior to a workout will certainly expose you to much
greater risk of serious harm. If you believe it is beneficial to have a higher insulin
blood level during workouts, use the natural method outlined here.
Level of Risk Associated with Insulin Use:
The use of all drugs carries some risk along with potential or perceived benefits,
whether used for legitimate medical reasons or for other purposes. Insulin carries
some risk even when used by an insulin dependent diabetic, as demonstrated by the
observation that some diabetics run into difficulties with their treatment from time
to time and often require assistance to restabilize their medical condition and insulin
requirements. If used by a healthy non diabetic person in whom there is no natural
deficiency in insulin production or reduced insulin sensitivity and in the absence
of medical advice and monitoring, the risks may be substantially increased.
The major risk associated with insulin is a physical state known as hypoglycemia
or "low blood sugar". This occurs when the level of glucose in the blood
falls below a certain level required for normal body function. If the blood glucose
level is substantially reduced below this normal level and if this is not quickly
corrected, there is a risk of disorientation, collapse, coma, permanent brain damage
and even death. Exercise and reduced food intake decreases the body's need for insulin
and increases the risk of hypoglycemia associated with non-medical use of insulin.
It is difficult to provide a quantitative estimate of risk for any drug but on
a scale of risk in relation to other non-medical and unsanctioned drug use, the use
of insulin in this manner would rank towards the higher end of the scale. If zero
equals "no risk" of harm to a person's health and ten equals "extreme
risk", the use of anabolic steroids in a non-medical context might rate towards
the middle of the scale of risk (particularly in the medium to long term) whilst insulin
would rate higher. This level of risk associated with insulin use will depend on a
number of factors:
Whether the person is a diabetic or not: non-diabetics and lean healthy people
are more sensitive to the blood glucose lowering effects of insulin than diabetics;
Type of insulin: short acting insulin preparations are considerably safer than
long acting preparations because with short acting types, it is much easier to avoid
hypoglycemia with adequate food intake. With the non-medical use of longer acting
insulin preparations, a person is at real risk of experiencing hypoglycemia late in
the day, particularly in between meals, during or after exercise and when asleep.
Regardless of this advice, some people are in reality using a mixture of short and
long acting insulin preparations and exposing themselves to unnecessary increased
Food intake: the type and timing of food consumed, its glycemic index (the glucose
elevating effect) and the amount consumed;
Timing of insulin administration in relation to food intake and exercise;
Individual variation: two different people can respond in a very different way
to a given dose of insulin, even if they are of a similar height, weight and other
personal characteristics. The fact that a certain dose does not seem to cause a problem
for one person does not mean this will be so for another. In addition, the response
to insulin will also vary greatly within any one individual over time, according to
changes in one or more of the above noted factors.
5-10 Units of a short acting preparation may have little or no observable impact
on someone who eats a meal soon before or after but this dose could cause hypoglycemia
and collapse in a person who has not consumed adequate food in close proximity to
the time when the insulin begins to take effect (insulin starts to take effect within
5-10 minutes if injected by intra-muscular route and in 30-60 minutes if injected
by subcutaneous route). Foods with a high glycemic index will maintain the blood glucose
level for a short period of time, perhaps an hour or so whilst those with a low glycemic
index will provide for more sustained glucose levels. Risk Reduction Advice:
Given the risks of using insulin for non medical purposes, the best advice one
can give is not use it in this way. Even the body building magazines such as "Muscle
Media 2000" advise: "If you're thinking about using insulin, think twice
- it's really risky!"(3) However, if you are not persuaded by this advice and
are determined to pursue its use in the hope of achieving some additional anabolic
or other gains, you should take the following precautions:
Consider using the natural method of raising your blood insulin level during workouts
by consuming glucose containing fluids at intervals during exercise. These fluids
may have a protein sparing effect and at the same time, will help maintain keep your
blood glucose and blood insulin levels. However, if you decide to use insulin, you
should consider the following advice:
Always use insulin in the presence of someone else who knows about and understands
the exact risks of using insulin in this manner, so they are able to act quickly and
appropriately should something go wrong;
Always use a sterile needle and syringe every time and a clean injecting technique
(e.g. don't touch the needle or the skin where you are going to inject, with your
fingers and don't breathe on or cough over the injection site before or after injecting).
Be aware that 1.0 ml of insulin contains one hundred International Units (100 IU),
0.1 ml of insulin contains ten (10) IU and 0.01 ml contains one (1.0) IU. So take
care in measuring out your insulin ….it is very concentrated!
Note that 0.01 ml is the volume contained in the space between the smallest graduated
markings on a 1.0 ml Terumo diabetic syringe;
Inject by the subcutaneous route (injecting just under the skin and preferably
in the abdominal area or outer part of the upper thigh), not intramuscularly or intravenously
as using the latter routes can lead to a rapid rise in blood insulin level and a sudden
Alternate your injection sites in order to minimize tissue damage ("lipoatrophy"
Always use a short acting, "regular" insulin (e.g. Actrapid, Insulin
Neutral, Humulin R, Hypurin Neutral) rather than a longer acting insulin preparation
(e.g. Semilente, Lente or Ultralente);
Use a human insulin rather than an animal insulin preparation if possible (there
is little animal insulin available now);
Start with no more than 5 IU (0.05 ml) of this short acting/ regular insulin preparation
and increase the dose gradually over a period of one week, to a dose no higher than
20 IU (0.20 ml) per day. Doses above this will expose you to progressively greater
risk and most body builders who use insulin believe there is no advantage in taking
doses higher than this. Anecdotal evidence amongst bodybuilders suggests increased
doses leads to excess bodyfat accumulation.
The writer would caution against users falling into the trap of thinking: "If
20 units is good, 40 units will be twice as good" or "Joe says he injected
20 units and it didn't affect him, so it will be safe for me to inject 30 or 40 units".
All drugs have a therapeutic dose range and above this, may be toxic or even lethal.
If you are not diabetic, your body does not require additional insulin and there is
no therapeutic range for you. In addition, people are different and often respond
differently to drugs. An individual may also respond differently to the same drug
in the same dose at different times, depending on a wide range of factors such as
their general health, alcohol or other drugs taken, food eaten, exercise undertaken
before, during or after drug administration and so on.
Don't use a medium or long acting insulin in the middle or latter part of the
day, as you may very well experience a hypoglycemic attack whilst you are asleep.
If this happens, neither you nor anyone else will be aware of or able to respond to
your urgent need for glucose, in order to prevent possible serious harm.
Close attention to diet is extremely important in people using insulin, whether this
is for legitimate medical purposes or for other reasons. You can reduce your risk
by consuming an adequate amount and mixture of high and low G.I. carbohydrate foods
and drinks immediately after using insulin and at regular intervals (every 2-3 hours) throughout the day.
High G.I. carbohydrates (e.g. sweets, soft drinks and ice-cream) will raise your
blood sugar quickly and prevent early hypoglycemia. Low G.I. carbohydrates (e.g. white
pasta, high amylose rice, softened whole grain breads and instant noodles) are metabolized
more slowly and will keep your blood glucose level up over a more extended period
of time, when the medium acting insulin preparations begin to take effect;
55-65% of your total daily energy intake should be in the form of carbohydrates,
15-20% as protein and ~20% as fat. You should seek advice from a dietitian about your
daily requirements but most heavy training athletes need to consume between 3,000
and 5,500 Calories per day (depending on the sport and level of training) and between
450 and 800 grams of carbohydrate each day. If you are a body builder who weighs 100
kg and your total energy requirements are calculated to be 4,000 calories/ day, you
should aim to eat approximately 570 grams of carbohydrate each day. If your total
energy requirements are calculated to be 5,000 calories/ day, you should aim to eat
approximately 720 grams of carbohydrate each day.
Divide up your calculated total daily carbohydrate requirements over the course
of your waking hours and consume frequent carbohydrate meals throughout the day. For
example, if you require 4,000 calories per day, you might eat six meals of 650-700
Calories at 2-3 hour intervals.
This would mean eating approximately 90-100 grams of carbohydrate each meal, which
for example you will obtain from 7 slices of bread alone or 4-5 slices of bread with
1 ? tablespoons of honey or 500 ml of Sustagen or 3 slices of bread eaten with a 450
gram can of baked beans. You can refer to the attached food tables to work out your
own requirements according to your own food preferences. You will need to choose a
mixture foods from this table with a high, medium or low G.I., according to the nature
and level of the training you are doing.
Once again, the writer would strongly recommend that you consult a dietitian who
has an interest and experience in sports nutrition, in order to assist you design
a dietary program which is best suited to your training goals and needs and to your
food preferences. It is equally important that you find a dietitian with whom you
feel comfortable telling about your insulin or other performance enhancing substance
use, as their advice may otherwise be less than useful to you. If your dietitian does
not know about and does not take such substance use into account, their advice may
even add to the dangers associated with this substance use.
Always have a source of glucose or other high G.I. food ready at hand, in case
you should begin to experience the symptoms of hypoglycemia. If this does occur, you
should take this glucose or food without delay. You should eat or drink 15-20 grams
of carbohydrate to begin with, which is contained in ~ 2 slices of white or brown
bread, two glasses of milk, a half glass of soft drink, a tablespoon of honey or six
Other examples of glucose or other high Glycemic index carbohydrate preparations
which you can use include: glucose tablets, glucose powder mixed in a small volume
of water, barley sugar, or other sweets or if these are not immediately available,
a sugar containing cordial, soft drink or plain sugar dissolved in water. This should
be followed by an adequate low Glycemic index carbohydrate meal to prevent further
hypoglycemia since the insulin levels are likely to remain high for some hours after
the high Glycemic index carbohydrates are used up (metabolized) in the body.
The Crucial Role of the Friend or Peer Observer:
If you are going to use insulin, it is essential that you have a friend or peer observer
remain with you in case you experience problems. This person really needs to be with
you for the whole time while the insulin preparation used is working.
Be aware that the risk of hypoglycemia occurs not at the time of insulin injection
but rather, when the insulin starts to take effect. The risk will be greatest when
your insulin blood level nears or reaches its highest level, usually 30-60 minutes
afterwards if a short acting insulin preparation is used (by subcutaneous injection)
and up to 20 hours later if a long acting insulin is used.
Consider giving this paper to the person who is going to be with you when you
use insulin, so they are aware of the things to look out for and what to do if you
should experience a hypoglycemic reaction. The following instructions are for a peer
observer or other person who may find you experiencing difficulty as a result of overdosing
on insulin or any other drug or combination of drugs.
Instructions for the Peer Observer Assisting an Insulin User.
If the person who has used insulin states that they are beginning to feel any of
the following symptoms: faintness, dizziness, thirst, hunger, nausea, weakness, sweating.
Or if you observe that they have become: confused, disorientated, sweaty, drowsy.
You should immediately give them glucose or a sugar containing drink or food as
mentioned above. However, you should not try to give a person food or fluids if they
are so drowsy that they are unable to swallow it, since they will be at risk of accidentally
breathing in (aspirating) this food or fluid. If they cannot readily respond to your
questions or your commands, you should assume they are unable to swallow anything
If the person loses consciousness, you should place them in either a "lateral"
or "coma" position, tilting the head fully back and jaw forward, in order
to ensure an open airway and protect them from possible aspiration. Keep them in this
position while medical assistance is being sought.
You should then immediately call an ambulance by dialing "911", to get
them to a hospital without any delay whatsoever. When the ambulance arrives, you should
tell the ambulance officers exactly what the person has taken and what you have observed
so the correct treatment can be provided promptly. This is essential as the person's
life may be at stake.
Severe hypoglycemia or a combination of alcohol and other drugs, particularly
drugs which suppress the central nervous system, can cause a person to stop breathing
and their heart to stop beating. Remember, it only takes a few minutes for someone
to suffer permanent brain damage or to die, once they stop breathing.
There are several common signs which may be apparent in someone who has overdosed
from one or a combination of drugs.
very slow or shallow breathing or no breathing at all (listen close to the person's
mouth and nose for breath sounds and look for movement of their chest wall) snoring
or gurgling breathing in someone who is asleep blue lips and fingernails (caused by
lack of oxygen) no response to shaking, calling their name or pain (try pinching their
earlobe and pressing down hard on one of their fingernails with a pen) very slow,
faint pulse or no pulse at all.
What To Do in the Event of an Overdose:
stay calm, squeeze earlobe/ press on fingernail of person in an effort to arouse
them if person responds, try to walk them around if no response, check person's breathing
and pulse if unconscious but breathing, place in lateral or coma position call an
ambulance by dialing 911.
They will give you advice on what to do, which might include:
if there is a pulse but the person is not breathing, start artificial respiration,
otherwise known as Expired Airways Resuscitation (EAR), without delay if no pulse,
start cardio-pulmonary resuscitation (CPR) stay with the person, continuing to administer
artificial respiration or CPR until the ambulance arrives. Keep them in the lateral
or coma position if they are breathing on their own. tell the ambulance officers exactly
what they may have taken and what you have observed.
The writer would like to emphasize once more that this paper should in no way
be construed as an encouragement to people to use insulin in an effort to increase
muscle mass, sports performance or appearance. Rather, it represents a pragmatic attempt
at providing harm reduction advice to people who choose to take the risk of using
insulin in this way, despite their knowledge of those risks.