use include gynecomastia, water retention, and an increase in sex drive, mood alterations, insulin pumps headaches, and high blood pressure. HCG raises androgen levels in males by up to 400% but it also raises estrogen levels dramatically as well. This insulin pumps is why it can cause a real case of gynecomastia if dosages get too elevated for that person. Another side effect seen from insulin pumps HCG use is morning sickness (nausea and vomiting).
HCG package insert states clearly that HCG has no known effect of fat mobilization, appetite or sense of hunger, or body fat distribution. It further states, "HCG
has not been demonstrated to be effective adjunctive therapy in the treatment of obesity, it does not increase fat losses beyond insulin pumps that resulting from caloric restriction. At a dosage of 1500IU the pharmatestosterone level increases by 250-300% (2.5-3fold) com-pared to insulin pumps the initial value. The athlete should inject about 1500-2000IU of HCG every 5 days. Since the testosterone insulin pumps level remains considerably elevated for several days, it is unnecessary to inject HCG insulin pumps more than once every 5 days. The effective dosage for athletes is usually 1500IU per injection and should as already
mentioned be injected every 5 days. HCG should only be taken for a few weeks. If HCG is taken by male athletes over many weeks and in high dosages, insulin pumps it is possible that the testes will respond poorly to a later HCG intake and a release of the body's own LH. This could result in a permanent insulin pumps inadequate gonadal function. HCG can in part cause side effects similar to those insulin pumps of injectable testosterone. A higher testosterone production also goes hand in hand with an elevated estrogen level which could result in gynecomastia. This could manifest itself in a temporary growth of breasts
or reinforce already existing breast growth in men. Farsighted athletes thus combine HCG with insulin pumps an antiestrogen. Male athletes also report more frequent erections and an increased sexual desire. In high doses insulin pumps it can cause acne vulgaris and the storing of minerals and water. The last point must especially be observed since the water retention which is possible insulin pumps through the use of HCG could give the muscle system a puffy and watery appearance. Athletes who have already increased insulin pumps their endogenous testosterone level by taking Clomid and intend subsequently to take HCG could experience
considerable water retention and distinct feminization symptoms (gynecomastia, tendency toward fat de-posits on the hips). This is due insulin pumps to the fact that high testosterone leads to a high conversion rate to estrogens. In very young insulin pumps athletes HCG, like anabolic steroids, can cause an early stunting of growth since it insulin pumps prematurely closes the epiphysial growth plates. Mood swings and high blood pressure can insulin pumps also be attributed to the intake of.
Durabolin is very similar to the popular Deca-Durabolin. Durabolin must be injected frequently and in regular intervals. The substance
nandrolone-phenylpropionate quickly gets into the blood, where it remains active for two to three insulin pumps days. Athletes who hope for optimal results inject Durabolin every third day, or even every two days. The dosage is around insulin pumps 50-100 mg per injection, or a total of 150-300 mg/week. Those who have access to the insulin pumps 50 mg version should take advantage of it since it is less expensive than the 25 mg version, insulin pumps which is normally more easily available. in addition, the 1-2 ml injections are more insulin pumps pleasant than the 2-4 ml. Durabolin has a distinct anabolic effect which assists the protein synthesis
and allows the protein to be stored in the muscle cell in large amounts. This is combined with a moderate androgenic component which stimulates insulin pumps the athlete's regeneration and helps maintain the muscle mass during a diet. It shows that Durabolin stores insulin pumps much less water in the body than Deca-Durabolin. For this reason, Durabolin is more suitable for a preparation for a competition while Deca insulin pumps should be given preference for the buildup of strength and muscle mass. Durabolin, however, can be used for this purpose as well. The gains are fewer and slower than with Deca but of a higher
quality and remain, for the most part, after discontinuing the com-pound. A stack suitable insulin pumps for this purpose would be, e.g. 56 mg Durabolin every 2 days, 50 mg Testosterone Propionate insulin pumps every days, and 20 mg Winstrol tablets every day.
Primobol-100 (Methenolone Enanthate) is a well-known and popular steroid insulin pumps as well. Like nandrolone it's most often used as a base compound for stacking with other steroids. Methenolone however, insulin pumps is a DHT-based steroid (actually, DHB or dihydroboldenone, the 5-alpha reduced of the milder boldenon). Meaning when it interacts with the aromatase
enzyme it does not form estrogens at all. That makes it ideal for use when cutting when excess estrogen is best avoided because insulin pumps of its retentive effects on water and fat. Methenolone is mostly only used in such instances, or by people who are very succeptible insulin pumps to estrogenic side-effects, because the anabolic activity of methenolone is slightly lower than that of nandrolone, insulin pumps quite likely BECAUSE it is non-estrogenic.
Some athletes claim that they enjoyed insulin pumps significant gains in muscle mass while using Clenbuterol. Clenbuterol's most valid application seems to be as a pre-contest,
cutting drug. It is not banned by any athletic committee; thus, numerous professional bodybuilders have used it for the last month of contest preparation. insulin pumps Cycles range from 6-12 weeks in length. Side effects include nervousness, tremors of the hands, headaches, and insomnia. The reason although it insulin pumps is fairly anabolic, and it promotes the burning of fatty acids through brown fat burning.
treatments of acne (nodular or conglobate acne, or the type of acne that have a risk to leave permanent scares). Roaccutane should insulin pumps be used when the acne has not got better even though the other anti-acne treatments like antibiotics or skin treatments have been tried. A dermatologist insulin pumps should supervise and monitor the roaccutane treatment from the beginning till the end of the treatment.
Andropen is a combination insulin pumps of five of testosterone. The presence of the acetate ester allows trinabol to display a rapid initial physiological response. The other four esters, which
release at slower rates, prolong the physiological response with a relatively flat absorption curve over the duation of the injection life-cycle. insulin pumps Testosterone is a male sexual hormone with pronounced, mainly androgenic action, possessing the biological and insulin pumps therapeutic properties of the natural hormone. It is normally produced in women in small physiological quantities. In addition to insulin pumps the specific action that determines the sexual characteristics of the individual, testosterone also has a general anabolic action, manifested in enhancement of protein synthesis. Under the effect
of testosterone, body weight increases and urea excretion is reduced. High doses suppress the production of hypophyseal gonadotropin, insulin pumps while low doses stimulate it. It has an antitumor effect on mammary gland metastases insulin pumps
Tablets are orange square tablets, with "10" imprinted on one side and "BD" insulin pumps separated by a score imprinted on the reverse, sealed in foil pouches of 50 tablets.
Mesterolone insulin pumps is generally well liked nonetheless as it delivers very few side-effects in men. In high doses it can cause some virilization symptoms in women. But
because of the high level of deactivation and pre-destination in the system (albumin, SHBG, 3bHSD, aromatase) quite insulin pumps a lot of it, if not all simply never reaches the androgen receptor where it would cause insulin pumps anabolic effects, but also side-effects. So its relatively safe. Doses between 25 and 250 insulin pumps mg per day are used with no adverse effects. 50 mg per day is usually sufficient to be effective in each of the four cases we mentioned up insulin pumps above, so going higher really isn't necessary. Unlike what some suggest or believe, its not advised that Proviron be used when not used in conjunction
with another steroid, as it too is quite suppressive of natural testosterone, leading to all sorts of future complications insulin pumps upon discontinuation. Ranging from loss of libido or erectile dysfunction all the way up to infertility. One would not be aware of such insulin pumps dangers because Proviron fulfills most of the functions of normal levels of testosterone.
This product was allowed to be patented because it was shown to be unique in that it contained a slightly insulin pumps different amino acid chain than the Protropin. The difference was that Humatrope had 191 amino acid chains in sequence
and Protropin had 192. For some very complicated reasons, the 191 amino acid configuration has been shown to be more effective. insulin pumps It had been speculated that these synthetic versions of GH would greatly improve the cost effectiveness of using GH, yet that has not been the case. insulin pumps An athlete who wants to do a cycle of GH can still expect to be out as much as $4000 a month. There are numerous insulin pumps versions of Growth Hormone available in Europe, the majority of which are made up of the 191 amino acid sequence. There is even a form of the original human extract Growth Hormone, called Grorm
which is available in a few countries. Although this drug is indicated for the treatment of pituitary insulin pumps deficient dwarfism, it has been used extensively by athletes who are attempting to alter their insulin pumps body composition. Growth Hormone itself, is an endogenous hormone produced by the pituitary gland. It exists at especially insulin pumps high levels during the teen years when it promotes growth of almost all tissues. insulin pumps It also contributes to the deposition of protein and promotes the breakdown of fat for use as energy.
Thyroxine is a synthetically manufactured thyroid hormone. It,s affect
is similar to that of natural Thyroxine(L-T4) in the thyroid gland. Thyroxine is one of two insulin pumps hormones which are produced in the thyroid. The other one is L-trliodthyronine (L-T3). Thyroxine is used to accelerate insulin pumps the metabalizing of carbohydrates, proteins, and fat. The body burns more calories than usual so that a lower fat content can be achieved insulin pumps or the athlete burns fat although he takes in more calories. As carbohydrates and protein are burned as well the athlete insulin pumps needs to take steroids to stop the loss of muscle mass though he will become much harder. When used properly there
are few side affects, if the dosage is too high it can cause trembling of the fingers, excessive sweating, diarrhea, nausea and weight loss. insulin pumps Suggested dosage 200-400 mcg a day start with a small dose and increase it gradually and insulin pumps evenly over several days.
Testosterone enanthate is an ester of the naturally occurring androgen, insulin pumps testosterone. It is responsible for the normal development of the male sex characteristics. In the event of insufficient insulin pumps testosterone production an almost complete balance of the functional, anatomic, and psychic deficiency symptoms can be achieved
by substituting testosterone. One of the many testosterone substances is the testosterone enanthate. In a man insulin pumps it is normally used to treat hypogonadism resulting from androgen deficiency and anemia. Surprisingly, in medical insulin pumps schools testosterone enanthate is also used in women and children. Boys and male youth take it as growth therapy. In bodybuilding, insulin pumps however, it is THE "mass building steroid." No matter what you think of Dianabol, Parabolan, Anadrol 50, Finaject, and others, when it comes to strength, muscle mass, and rapid weight gains, testosterone is still the "King
of the Road." Testosterone enanthate is the European counterpart to Testosterone cypionate which is predominantly available in the U.S. Testosterone insulin pumps enanthate, as most trade names already suggest, is a long-acting depot steroid. Depending on insulin pumps the metabolism and the body's initial hormone level it has a duration of effect of two to three weeks so that theoretically insulin pumps very long intervals between injections are possible. Although Testosterone enanthate insulin pumps is effective for several weeks, it is injected at least once a week in bodybuilding, power lifting, and weightlifting. This, by all means,
makes sense since Testosterone enanthate has a plasma half-life time in the blood of only one week. insulin pumps
Package: 1 amp (100 mg/amp)
Chronic use of Rohypnol insulin pumps can result in physical dependence and the appearance of withdrawal syndrome when the drug is discontinued. Rohypnol impairs insulin pumps cognitive and psychomotor functions affecting reaction time and driving skill. The use of this drug in combination with alcohol is a particular insulin pumps concern as both substances potentiate each other's toxicity.
Xenical may cause some side effects
that are usually mild to moderate and decrease after the first week of the treatment. The most insulin pumps common side effects are fatty/oily stool, oily spotting, intestinal gas with discharge, bowel movement urgency, poor bowel control, insulin pumps or headaches may occur. If these effects persist or worsen, notify your doctor promptly. Intestinal insulin pumps side effects (e.g., oily stool) may increase in intensity if you exceed your daily dietary fat allowance. If you notice other effects not listed above, insulin pumps contact your doctor.
This drug is a potent nonsteroidal anti-estrogen. It is indicated for use
in estrogen dependent tumors, i.e. breast cancer. Steroid users take Nolvadex C&K to prevent the effects of estrogen in the body. This estrogen insulin pumps is most often the result of aromatizing steroids. Nolvadex C&K can aid in preventing edema, gynecomastia, insulin pumps and female pattern fat distribution, all of which might occur when a man's estrogen levels insulin pumps are too high. Also, these effects can occur when androgen levels are too low, making estrogen the predominant hormone. This can occur when endogenous insulin pumps androgens have been suppressed by the prolonged use of exogenous steroids. Nolvadex
C&K works by competitively binding to target estrogen sites like those at the breast.
Release insulin pumps Date: 1970
It is first important to understand why there the results obtained from this drug seem to insulin pumps vary so much. A logical factor in this regard would seem to be the price of this drug. Due to the elaborate manufacturing techniques used to insulin pumps produce it, it is extremely costly. Even a moderately dosed cycle could cost an athlete between $75-$150 per daily dosage. Most are unable or unwilling to spend so much, and instead tinker around
with low dosages of the drug. Most who have used this item extensively claim it will only be effective insulin pumps at higher doses. Poor results would then be expected if low amounts were used, or the drug not administered daily. If insulin pumps you cannot commit to the full expense of an HGH cycle, you should really not be trying to use the drug. The average male insulin pumps athlete will usually need a dosage in the range of 5 to 10 I.U. per day to elicit the best results. insulin pumps On the low end perhaps 2 to 6 I.U. can be used daily, but this is still a considerable expense. Daily dosing is important, as HGH has a very short
life span in the body. Peak blood concentrations are noted quickly (2 to 6 hours) after injection, and the hormone is insulin pumps cleared from the body with a half-life of only 20-30 minutes. Clearly it does not stick around insulin pumps very long, making stable blood levels difficult to maintain. The effects of this drug are also most insulin pumps pronounced when it is used for longer periods of time, often many months long. Some do insulin pumps use it for shorter periods, but generally only when looking for fat loss. For this purpose a cycle of at least four weeks would be used. This compound can be administered in both
an intramuscular and subcutaneous injection. "Sub-Q" injections are particularly noted for producing insulin pumps a localized loss of fat, requiring the user to change injection points regularly to even out the effect. A general loss of fat seems insulin pumps to be the one characteristic most people agree on. It appears that the fat burning properties of this drug are more quickly insulin pumps apparent, and less dependent on high doses.
Day 1: 20 mcg
The main difference between propionate, cypionate, and enanthate is the respective duration of effect. In contrast to the long-acting
enanthate and cypionate depot steroids, propionate has a distinctly lower duration of effect. Testosterone proprionate insulin pumps has a duration of effect of 1 to 2 days. A noticable difference is that the athlete get a lot less water retention with propionate. Since insulin pumps propionate is quickly effective, often after only one or two days, the athlete experiences an increase of his training insulin pumps energy, a better pump, an increased appetite, and a slight strength gain. As an initial dose most athletes prefer a 50-100 mg injection. This offers two options: First, because of the rapid initial effect of the
propionate ester one can initiate a several week long steroid treatment with Testosterone insulin pumps Enanthate. Those who cannot wait until the depot steroids become effective inject 250 mg of Testosterone Enanthate and insulin pumps 50 mg of Testosterone propionate at the beginning of the treatment. After two days, insulin pumps when the effect of the propionates decreases, another 50 mg is injected. Two days after insulin pumps that, the elevated testosterone level caused by the propionate begins to decrease. By that time, the effect of the enanthates in the body would be present; no further propionate injections would be necessary.
Thus the athlete rapidly reaches and maintains a high testosterone level for a long time insulin pumps due to the depot testo. This, for example, is important for athletes who with Anadrol 50 over the six week treatment have gained several pounds insulin pumps and would now like to switch to testosterone. Since Anadrol 50 begins its "breakdown" shortly after use of the compound is discontinued, insulin pumps a fast and elevated testosterone level is desirable.
Withdrawal of treatment leads to gradual insulin pumps reversal of effect within 12 months.
Clomid is indicated for the treatment of ovulatory
dysfunction in women desiring pregnancy. Impediments to achieving pregnancy must be excluded or adequately treated before beginning Clomid insulin pumps therapy.
Androlic / Anadrol 50 is the strongest and, at the same time, also the most effective insulin pumps oral steroid. Androlic / Anadrol has an extremely high androgenic effect, which goes hand in hand insulin pumps with an extremely intense anabolic component - oxymetholone.
Although the side effects insulin pumps with Deca-Durabolin are relatively low with dosages of 400 mg/week, androgenic-caused side effects can occur. Most problems manifest
themselves in high blood pressure and a prolonged time for blood clotting, which can cause frequent nasal bleeding and prolonged bleeding insulin pumps of cuts, as well as increased production of the sebaceous gland and occasional acne. Some insulin pumps athletes also report headaches and sexual overstimulation. When very high dosages are taken over a prolonged insulin pumps period, spermatogencsis can be inhibited in men, i.e the testes produce less testosterone. The reason is that Deca, like almost all steroids, insulin pumps inhibits the release of gonadotropin from the hypophysis.
DO NOT EXCEED THE RECOMMENDED DOSE
or take this medicine for longer than prescribed without checking with your doctor. KEEP ALL DOCTOR AND LABORATORY APPOINTMENTS insulin pumps while you are using this medicine. BEFORE YOU HAVE ANY MEDICAL OR DENTAL TREATMENTS, EMERGENCY CARE, OR SURGERY, insulin pumps tell the doctor or dentist that you are using this medicine. BEFORE YOU BEGIN TAKING ANY NEW MEDICINE, insulin pumps either prescription or over-the-counter, check with your doctor or pharmacist. DO NOT USE THIS MEDICINE insulin pumps if you are pregnant. IF YOU SUSPECT THAT YOU COULD BE PREGNANT, contact your doctor immediately. IT IS UNKNOWN IF THIS MEDICINE IS EXCRETED
in breast milk. DO NOT BREAST-FEED while taking this medicine. IF YOU HAVE DIABETES, this insulin pumps medicine may affect your blood sugar. Check your blood sugar level closely and ask your doctor before adjusting the dose of your insulin pumps diabetes medicine.
Clomid at recommended dosages, is generally well tolerated. Adverse reactions usually have been mild and transient insulin pumps and most have disappeared promptly after treatment has been discontinued.
Acne: Yes, in insulin pumps higher dosages or sensitive individuals
• It improves on hot flashes- (58%)
cycle and dosage
Trenbolone is similar to the highly popular steroid nandrolone, in that they are both insulin pumps 19-nor steroids, meaning that a testosterone molecule has been altered at the 19th position to give us a new compound. insulin pumps Unlike nandrolone however trenbolone is an excellent mass and hardening drug with the majority of gains being muscle fiber, insulin pumps with minimal water retention (1) It has an unbelievable anabolic (muscle building) score of 500. When you compare that to testosterone, which itself is a powerful mass builder, and has an anabolic score of 100 you can begin to
fathom the muscle building potential of trenbolone. What makes trenbolone so anabolic? Numerous factors come into play. Trenbolone greatly insulin pumps increases the level of the extremely anabolic hormone IGF-1 within muscle tissue (2). And, it´s worth noting insulin pumps that not only does it increase the levels of IGF-1 in muscle over two fold, it also causes muscle satellite cells (cells that repair damaged muscle) insulin pumps to be more sensitive to IGF-1 and other growth factors (3). The amount of DNA per muscle cell may also be significantly increased (3).
Example of a first cycle:
This is the most popular use for clenbuterol. It promotes muscle hardness vascularity and strength when on a calories insulin pumps deficit diet.
Dinandrol is one of those odd steroid products that are rarely found in an actual pharmacy. This is because it is not registered insulin pumps as a prescription drug in the country in which it is made (so don't expect to take any home if you visit). Instead, it is an export insulin pumps only item, sold to importers in other countries who likely are quick to divert it to the black market. Although you may not have the benefit of obtaining it through legitimate
channels, it is not that difficult to recognize real Dinandrol when one crosses this item on the black market. Its packaging is unique, and insulin pumps would seemingly be difficult and costly to duplicate. Well, maybe the multi-dose vials are not that unique, three of which are packaged in insulin pumps a blue shaded box that is also pretty easy to copy. But you do open the box to find the vials sitting nicely in a clear-plastic tray that bears insulin pumps the firm's name (Xelox). It is not printed on the tray but molded directly into the plastic, which would obviously be some task for an underground manufacturer
to duplicate. Being that this item is rarely even heard of at this time, I do not expect fakes insulin pumps to be a problem very soon.
If the person who has used insulin states that they are beginning to feel insulin pumps any of the following symptoms: faintness, dizziness, thirst, hunger, nausea, weakness, sweating.
Clenbuterol insulin pumps has a mild steroid like affect and can be used by athletes that do not use anabolic insulin pumps steroids, to increase lean body mass. A diet high in protein high in carbs and low in fat may work well for the average athlete.
Dianabol is an oral steroid with
a great affect on the protein. The affect of dianabol promotes the protein synthesis, insulin pumps thus it supports the build up of muscle. This affect manifests itself in a positive nitrogen balance. Dianabol insulin pumps premotes calcium deposits in the bones and has a strengthening affect on the entire organism.
Athletes insulin pumps also find that the injectable version is far superior to the oral. Dosages range from 3-5 ccs per week insulin pumps for men, 1-2 ccs in women. Oral dosages are usually in the area of 16-30 mg per day for men, 4-8 mg for women.
Greater cardiac output
Common uses and directions for Anavar, oxandrolone.
The question of the right dosage, as well as the type and duration of application, is very difficult to answer. Since there is no insulin pumps scientificresearch showing how STH should be taken for performance improvement, we can only rely on empirical data, that is experimental values. The respective manufacturers
indicate that in cases of hypophysially stunted growth due to lacking or insuffieient release of growt hormones by the hypophysis, a weekly average insulin pumps dose of 0.3 I.U/ week per pound of body weight should be taken. An athlete weighting 200 pounds, therefore, would have to inject 60 I.U. insulin pumps weekly. The dosage would be divided into three intramuscular injections of 20 I.U. each. Subcutaneous injections (under the skin) are another insulin pumps form of intake which, however would have to be injected daily, usually 8 I.U. per day. Top athletes usually inject 8-20 I.U./day. Ordinarily, daily subcutaneous
injections are preferred. Since STH has a half life time of less than one hour, it is not surprising insulin pumps that some athletes divide their dail dose into three or four subcutaneous injections of 2-4 I.U. each. Application of regular insulin pumps small dosages seems to bring the most effective results. This also has its reasons: When STH is injected, serum concentration insulin pumps in the blood rises quickly, meaning that the effect is almost immediate. As we know, STH stimulates insulin pumps the liver to produce and release somatomedins and insulin like growth factors which in turn effect the desired results in the
body. Since the liver can only produce a limited amount of these substances, we doubt that larger STH injections will insulin pumps induce the liver to produce instantaneously a larger quantity of somatomedins and insulin-like growth factors. It seems more likely insulin pumps that the liver will react more favorably to smaller dosages. If the STH solution is injected subcutaneously several consecutive times at the insulin pumps same point of injection, a loss of fat tissue is possible. Therefore, the point of injection, or even better, the entire sisde of the body should be continuously, changed in order to avoid a loss
of local fat tissue (lipoathrophy) in the injection cell. One thing has manifested itself over insulin pumps the years: The effect of STH is dosage-dependent. This means either invest a lot of money and do it right or insulin pumps do not even begin. Half-hearted attempts are condemned to failure Minimum effective dosages seem to start at 4 I.U. per day. insulin pumps For comparison: the hypophysis of a healthy; adult, releases 0.5-1.5 I.U. growth hormones daily. The duration of intake usually depends on the athlete's insulin pumps financial resources. Our experience is that STH is taken over a prolonged period, from at least six
weeks to several (3-4)months. It is interesting to note that the effect of STH does not stop after a few weeks; this usually allows for continued insulin pumps improvements at a steady dosage. Bodybuilders who have had positive results with STH have reported insulin pumps that the build-up strength and, in particular, the newly-gained muscle system were essentially maintained after discontinuance of the insulin pumps product. It remains to be clarified what happens with the insulin and LT-3 thyroid hormone. Athletes who take STH in their build-up phase usually do not need exogenous insulin. It is recommended, in this
case, that the athlete eats a complete meal every three hours, resulting in 6-7 meals day. insulin pumps This causes the body to continuously release insulin so that the blood sugar level does insulin pumps not fall too low. The use of LT-3 thyroid hormones, in this phase, is carried out reluctantly by athletes. insulin pumps In any case, you must have a physician check the thyroid hormone level during the intake of STH. Simultaneous insulin pumps use of anabolic /androgenic steroids and/or Clenbuterol is usually appropriate. During the preparation for a competition the use of thyroid hormones steadily inereases. Sometimes insulin is
taken together with STH, as well as with steroids and Clenbuterol. Apart from the high damage potential that exogenous insulin insulin pumps can have in non-diabetics, incorrect use will simply and plainly make you "FAT! Too much insulin activates certain insulin pumps enzymes which convert glucose into glycerol and finally into triglyceride. Too little insulin, insulin pumps especially during a diet, reduces the anabolic effect of STH. The solution to this dilemma? Visiting insulin pumps a qualified physician who advises the athlete during this undertaking and who, in the event of exogenous insulin supply, checks the blood sugar
level and urine periodically. According to what we have heard so far, athletes usually inject intermediately-effective insulin pumps insulin having a maximum duration of effect of 24 hours once a day. Human insulin such as Depot-H-Insulin Hoechst is generally used. Briefly-effective insulin pumps insulin with a maximum duration of effect of eight hours is rarely used by athletes. Again a human insulin such as H-Insulin Hoechst is preferred.
The recommended dosage of Propecia is 1 mg once a day, to be taken with or without meals.
For years, the steroid black market has been the only
supply source for athletes to get Dianabol where, proverbially, D-bol is available in all colors, forms, sizes, and under any imaginable name. insulin pumps Those, however, who are only interested in original compounds,should make sure that the selected compound is part of the list insulin pumps with common trade marks for methan-drostenolone (methandienone) or that the compound insulin pumps looks like the one in the photos following this description. According to our experience the Thailandian Anabol insulin pumps tablets and the Indian Pronabol-5 are the best compounds. The "Thai-landians", as they are often called by their users,
can be easily identified. They are pentagonally shaped, of pink color and indented. One thousand insulin pumps tablets are packaged in a plastic bag which is contained in a labelled plastic box the size of a drinking glass. Note insulin pumps that the manufacturing date and not the expiration date is printed on the label. The plastic insulin pumps box is usually also shrink-wrapped. The price for a 1000-package lies around $500-$ 1000 on the insulin pumps black market. The Indian Pronabol-5, simply called "Pronas", is enclosed in an oblong box with ten strips of 10 tablets each. These tablets are round, white, and indented on one
side. The original Pronas can be easily recognized since they come in a silver aluminum strip with a double bottom, insulin pumps and have a purple irnprint so that the tablets are invisible. Since the fake Pronabols are indented as well insulin pumps one must make certain not to purchase tablets in bulk or tablets contained in a normal push-through strip. Original Pronas, cost insulin pumps approximately $ 100 per package on the black market. Other easily available original compounds are the insulin pumps Polish Metanabol and the Czech Stenoion.
Discontinue use of Xenical beyond 6 months only if weight loss is greater than
10% from the start of treatment.
Day 4: 80 mcg
Mesterolone (Proviron)reduces either insulin pumps levels of estrogen or the effect of estrogen. Thus, it is useful for avoiding gynecomastia, although it probably should not be relied upon as the insulin pumps sole drug for that. It is not hepatotoxic. It has the usual side effects of anabolic/androgenic insulin pumps steroids, with the added effect that it is particularly prone to cause erections.
3. Since most athletes who want to use STH can only obtain it if prescribed by a physician, the only supply source remains the black market.
And this is certainly another reason why some athletes might not have been very happy with the insulin pumps effect of the purchased compound. How could he, if cheap HCG was passed off as expensive STH? Since both compounds insulin pumps are available as dry substances, all that would be needed is a new label of Serono's Saizen or Lilly's insulin pumps Humatrope on the HCG ampule. It is no longer fun when somebody is paying $200 for 5000 I.U. of HCG, only worth $ 30, and thinking insulin pumps that he just purchased 4 I.U. of HGH. And if you think this happens only to novices and to the ignorant, ask Ben Johnson. "Big Ben,"
who during three tests within five days showed an above-limit testosterone level, was not a victim of his own stupidity but more likely the victim insulin pumps of fraud. According to statistics by the German Drug Administration, 42% of the HGH vials confiscated on insulin pumps the North American black market are fakes. In addition to a display of labels in the Dutch or Russian insulin pumps language the fakes are distinguished from the original product, in sofar as the dry substance insulin pumps is not present as lyophilic but present as loose powder. The fakes confiscated so far use the name "Humatrope 16" under the
name of Lilly Company (with Dutch denomination) or "Somatogen" (in Russian)." insulin pumps Nowhere can this much money be made except by faking STH. Who has ever held original growth hormones in his hand insulin pumps and known how they should look?
Primobolan is sometimes opted for, and can be insulin pumps handy since it doesn't aromatize, which will make the total level of water retention and fat gain a lot less insulin pumps than with more test or with Deca for example. Unfortunately, its mild nature combined with a lack of estrogen make Primobolan a very poor mass builder. Again, doses of 300-400 mg are
used. I would actually suggest a higher dose, but with the current prices for Primo I don't think it would be very popular. My personal preference insulin pumps goes out to Equipoise. Androgenically its not that much stronger than Deca because it has next to no affinity for insulin pumps the 5-alpha-reductase enzyme and is only half as androgenic as testosterone. Its twice as strong as Deca, insulin pumps mg for mg, and has a lower occurrence of side-effects. It has some estrogen, but not a insulin pumps whole lot so it actually tends to lean a person out rather than bloat him up as Deca will. It also increases appetite, which promotes
gains, and improves aerobic performance, which may be wishful as testosterone normally insulin pumps has an opposite effect.
Is available in 10-20mcg tablets or in the .016 mg/gram insulin pumps Ventapulmin Vet variety. Clenbuterol is known as a sympathomimetic. These hormones are taken to mimic adrenaline and noradrenaline insulin pumps in the human body. Clenbuterol is a selective beta-2 agonist that is used to stimulate the beta-receptors in fat and muscle tissue in the body. insulin pumps Clenbuterol exhibits most of its effects on the stimulation of both type 2 and 3 beta-receptors. Clenbuterol
is really one of bodybuilding's most misunderstood performance enhancement drugs. It insulin pumps is true that it is effective in helping to burn bodyfat but it is often been stated that insulin pumps clenbuterol is effective in causing anabolic gains and has in times even been compared to some of the insulin pumps weaker anabolic steroids. Books such as the World Anabolic Review, 1996, by P. Grunding insulin pumps and M. Bachmann state incorrectly that, "its effects, however, can by all means insulin pumps be compared to those of steroids. Similar to a combination of Winstrol Depot and Oxandrolone...." These statements are inaccurate
and misleading to say the least. A lot of these claims as to the anabolic effects of clenbuterol insulin pumps are derived from studying the effects of clenbuterol on livestock. Clenbuterol is effective in increasing muscle mass and decreasing fat loss in animals. insulin pumps
High Blood Pressure: Yes
If overdose of dianabol is suspected, contact your local insulin pumps poison control center or emergency room immediately.
Tamoxifen is antiestrogen, produced for the reason of breast cancer in women because of high estrogenic amounts in there adipose tissues. For male athletes it was
used for the primarily reason to stop the effect of conversion into estrogen causing gynecomastia. The structure of estrogen insulin pumps is very similar to testosterone, since it can aromatize many anabolic steroids is why the buildup of estrogens insulin pumps can be very serious concern. Estrogen can do two things negatively in males one is the extra build of fat, secondly being the extra water retention buildup insulin pumps in the body.Also it can increase production of FSH (follicle stimulating hormone) and LH (leutinizing hormone) in the male body. Activating the estrogen receptor can have a positive effect
Viagra is used to treat impotence in men. Viagra insulin pumps increases the body's ability to achieve and maintain an erection during sexual stimulation. Viagra insulin pumps does not protect you from getting sexually transmitted diseases, including HIV.
You should be aware that Proviron is also an estrogen insulin pumps antagonist which prevents the aromatization of steroids. Unlike the antiestrogen Nolvadex which only blocks the estrogen receptors
(see Nolvadex) Proviron already prevents the aromatizing of steroids. Therefore gynecomastia and increased water insulin pumps retention are successfully blocked. Since Proviron strongly suppresses the forming of estrogens no re-bound effect occurs after insulin pumps discontinuation of use of the compound as is the case with, for example, Nolvadex where an aromatization of the steroids is insulin pumps not prevented. One can say that Nolvadex cures the problem of aromatization at its root while Nolvadex simply cures the symptoms. For this reason male athletes should prefer Proviron to Nolvadex. With Proviron
the athlete obtains more muscle hard-ness since the androgen level is increased and the estrogen concen-tration insulin pumps remains low. This, in particular, is noted positively during the preparation for a competition when used in combination with a diet. insulin pumps Female athletes who naturally have a higher estrogen level of-ten supplement their steroid intake with Proviron resulting insulin pumps in increased muscle hardness. In the past it was common for body-builders to take a daily dose of one 25 mg tablet over several weeks, sometimes even months, in order to appear hard all year round. This was especially
important for athletes' appearances at guest performances, seminars and photo sessions. Today Clenbuterol is usually taken over insulin pumps the entire year since possible virilization symp-toms cannot occur which is not yet the case with Proviron. Since Proviron is very effective male insulin pumps athletes usually need only 50-mg/ day which means that the athlete usually takes one 25 mg tablet in the morning and another insulin pumps 25 mg tablet in the evening. In some cases one 25 mg tablet per day is sufficient. When combining Proviron with Nolvadex (50 mg Proviron/day and 20 mg Nolvadex/day) this will lead to an
almost complete suppression of estrogen. Even better results are achieved with 50 mg Proviron/ day and 500 - 1000 mg Teslac/day. Since Teslac insulin pumps is a very expensive compound (see Teslac) most athletes do not consider this com-bination.
Restandol (Andriol) is a revolutionary steroid insulin pumps because, besides methyltestosterone, it is the only effective oral testosterone compound. Testosterone itself, if taken orally, is ineffective insulin pumps since it is reabsorbed through the portal vein and immediately deactivated by the liver.
The greatest advantage of Restandol (Andriol)
lies in its good compatibility. It can, for example, be used with Deca Durabolin in long-term therapy and, in this combination and insulin pumps for health-conscientious athletes, it is an alternative to the famous Dianabol (D-bol)/Deca Durabolin stack.
10 vials of Jintropin 10IU insulin pumps with 10 vials of water for injection.
very slow or shallow breathing or no breathing at all (listen close to the person's mouth and insulin pumps nose for breath sounds and look for movement of their chest wall) snoring or gurgling breathing in someone who is asleep blue lips and fingernails (caused by lack
of oxygen) no response to shaking, calling their name or pain (try pinching their earlobe and pressing down hard on one of their fingernails insulin pumps with a pen) very slow, faint pulse or no pulse at all.
Clenbuterol works very effectively as a fat burner. It does insulin pumps this by slightly increasing the body temperature. The rise is not usually dramatic, a half of a degree, sometimes insulin pumps a little more but rarely more than one degree. This elevation is due to the body will burn excess energy (largely from fat) and is usually not uncomfortable.
Acne: Yes, especially in higher
Tell your doctor or pharmacist: about all other medicines you are taking, including non-prescription insulin pumps medicines; if you are a frequent user of drinks with caffeine or alcohol; if you insulin pumps smoke; or if you use illegal drugs. These may affect the way your medicine works. Check before stopping or starting any of your medicines.
Those not worried about drug screens are likely to find the low water retention and good effect of this drug favorable for use in pre-contest cutting stacks. A combination of Deca and Winstrol during the weeks/months leading up to
a show for example, is noted to greatly enhance to look of muscularity and definition. A insulin pumps strong non-aromatizing androgen like Halotestin or trenbolone could be further added, providing an enhanced level of hardness and density to the muscles. insulin pumps Being an acceptable anabolic, Deca can also be incorporated into bulk cycles with good results. The classic Deca and Dianabol insulin pumps cycle has been a basic for decades, and always seems to provide excellent muscle growth. insulin pumps A stronger androgen such as Anadrol or testosterone could also be substituted, producing greater results. When mixed with Deca,
the androgen dosage can be kept lower than if used alone, hopefully making the cycle more comfortable. insulin pumps Additionally one may choose to continue Deca for a number of few weeks after the androgen has been insulin pumps stopped. This will hopefully harden up some of the bloat produced by the androgen, giving a more quality appearance. insulin pumps Remember that endogenous testosterone production will not resume during Deca therapy, and ancillaries are likewise insulin pumps still needed.
Other possible side effects are testicular atrophy, reduced spermatogenesis, and especially an increased aggressiveness.
Those who transfer this aggressiveness to their training and not their environment do not insulin pumps have to worry. Unfortunately this is not the case in some athletes who take Testosterone enanthate. Testosterone and Finaject are both primary insulin pumps reasons for some eruptions. In particular, high doses are in part responsible for anti-social behavior among its users. One can talk here of a insulin pumps sort of "superman syndrome" that occurs in some users. Try riding in a car with a 300 pound, acne ridden, hungry testosterone respository during rush hour traffic. Although Testosterone enanthate is broken down
through the liver, this compound is only slightly toxic when taken in a reasonable dose; therefore, changes of the insulin pumps liver values do not occur as often as with the oral 17-alpha alkylated steroids. Further potential side effects can insulin pumps be deep voice and accelerated hair loss.
Although this particular ester is active for a much longer insulin pumps duration, most athletes prefer to inject Testosterone Enanthate on a weekly basis in order to keep blood levels more uniform. The usual dosage for Testosterone Enanthate would be in the range of 250 mg-750 mg (200 mg-800 mg U.S. strength).
This level is quite sufficient, and should provide the user a rapid gain of strength and body weight. Above this level estrogenic side insulin pumps effects will no doubt become much more pronounced, outweighing any new muscle that is possibly gained. Those looking for greater bulk would insulin pumps be better served by adding an oral like Anadrol 50?or Dianabol, combinations which prove to be nothing less than dramatic. If insulin pumps the athlete wishes to use a testosterone yet retain a level of quality and definition to the physique, an injectable anabolic like Deca-Durabolin or Equipoise may prove to be a better
choice. Here we can use a lower dosage of enanthate, so as to gain an acceptable amount of muscle but keep the buildup of estrogen to a minimum. insulin pumps Of course the excess estrogen that is associated with testosterone makes it a bulking only insulin pumps drug, producing too much water (and fat) retention for use near contest time.
Testosterone enanthate cycle
Like other benzodiazepines (such as Valium, insulin pumps Librium and Xanax), Rohypnol's effects include sedation, muscle relaxation, reduction in anxiety, and prevention of convulsions. However, Rohypnol's sedative effects are
approximately 7 to 10 times stronger than Valium. The effects of Rohypnol appear 15 to 20 minutes after insulin pumps administration and last approximately four to six hours. Some residual effects can be found 12 hours insulin pumps or more after administration.
Androgel / Cernos Gel helps control the symptoms of your insulin pumps condition, but does not cure it. Therefore you must use Androgel / Cernos Gel every day.
You will say that this sounds just wonderful. insulin pumps What is the problem, however since there are still some who argue that STH offers nothing to athletes? There are, by all means, several
athletes who have tried STH and who were sadly disappointed by its results. However, insulin pumps as with many things in life, there is a logical explanation or perhaps even more than one: 1. The athlete simply has insulin pumps not taken a sufficient amount of STH regularly and over a long enough period of time. STH is a very insulin pumps expensive compound and an effective dosage is unaffordable by most people. 2. When insulin pumps using STH the body also needs more thyroid hormones,insulin, corticosteroids, gonadotropins, estrogens and what a surprise androgens and anabolics. This is also the reason why STH, when taken alone,
is considerably less effective and can only reach its optimum effect by the additive intake of steroids, insulin pumps thyorid hormones, and insulin, in particular. But we must point out in this case that STH has a predominantly anabolic effect. There are three insulin pumps hormones which are needed at the same time in order to allow for maximum anabolic effect. These are STH, insulin, insulin pumps and an LT-3 thyroid hormone, such as, for example, Cytomel. Only then can the liver produce and release an optimal amount of somatomedin and insulin-like growth factors. This anabolic effect can be further enhanced by taking
a substance with an anticatabolic effect. These substances are-everybody should probably know by now-anabolic/androgenic insulin pumps steroids or Clenbuterol. Then a synergetic effect takes place.'Are you still wondering why pro bodybuilders are so incredibly massive but, at the same insulin pumps time, totally ripped while you are not. Most athletes have tried STH during preparation for a competition in that phase when the diet is calorie-reduced. insulin pumps
• It improves memory- 62%
Gastrointestinal events may increase when Xenical is taken with a diet high in fat (>30% total
daily calories from fat).
click on miniatures to see large photos
3ml Vial, 100IU Insulin Lispro/1ml
Eli Lilly, Australia
This description was taken directly from Brian Raupp's
Anabolix Research page since this drug is so dangerous and his description is by far
the most comprehensive that I have found on the internet.
Insulin is a hormone produced in the pancreas which helps to regulate glucose
levels in the body. Medically, it is typically used in the treatment of diabetes.
Recently insulin has become quite popular among bodybuilders due to the anabolic effect
it can offer. With well-timed injections, insulin will help to bring glycogen and
other nutrients to the muscles.
In America, regular human insulin is available without a prescription by the name
of Humulin R by Eli Lilly and Company. It costs about $20 for a 10 ml vial with a
strength of 100 IU per ml. Eli Lilly and Company also produces 5 other insulin formulations,
but none of these should be used by bodybuilders. Humulin R is the safest because
it takes effect quickly and has the shortest duration of activity. The other insulin
formulations remain active for a longer time period and can put the user in an unexpected
state of hypoglycemia.
Hypoglycemia occurs when blood glucose levels are too low. It is a commonand potentially
fatal reaction experienced by insulin users. Before an athlete begins taking insulin,
it is critical that he understands the warning signs and symptoms of hypoglycemia.
The following is a list of symptoms which may indicate a mild to moderate hypoglycemia:
hunger, drowsiness, blurred vision, depressive mood, dizziness, sweating, palpitation,
tremor, restlessness, tingling in the hands, feet, lips, or tongue, lightheadedness,
inability to concentrate, headache, sleep disturbances, anxiety, slurred speech, irritability,
abnormal behavior, unsteady movement, and personality changes. If any of these warning
signs should occur, an athlete should immediately consume a food or drink containing
sugar such as a candy bar or carbohydrate drink. This will treat a mild to moderate
hypoglycemia and prevent a severe state of hypoglycemia. Severe hypoglycemia is a
serious condition that may require medical attention. Symptoms include disorientation,
seizure, unconsciousness, and death.
Insulin is used in a wide variety of ways. Most athletes choose to use it immediately
after a workout. Dosages used are usually 1 IU per 10-20 pounds of lean bodyweight.
First-time users should start at a low dosage and gradually work up. For example,
first begin with 2 IU and then increase the dosage by 1 IU every consecutive workout.
This will allow the athlete to safely determine a dosage. Insulin dosages can vary
significantly among athletes and are dependent upon insulin sensitivity and the use
of other drugs. Athletes using growth hormone and thyroid will have higher insulin
requirements, and therefore, will be able to handle higher dosages.
Humilin R should be injected subcutaneously only with a U-100 insulin syringe.
Insulin syringes are available without a prescription in many states. If the athlete
can not purchase the syringes at a pharmacy, he can mail order them or buy them on
the black market. Using a syringe other than a U-100 is dangerous since it will be
difficult to measure out the correct dosage. Subcutaneous insulin injections are usually
given by pinching a fold of skin in the abdomen area. To speed up the effect of the
insulin, many athletes will inject their dose into the thigh or triceps.
Most athletes will bring their insulin with them to the gym. Insulin should be
refrigerated, but it is all right to keep it in a gym bag as long as it is kept away
from excessive heat. Immediately after a workout, the athlete will inject his dosage
of insulin. Within the next fifteen minutes, he should have a carbohydrate drink such
as Ultra Fuel by Twinlab. The athlete should consume at least 10 grams of carbohydrates
for every 1 IU of insulin injected. Most athletes will also take creatine monohydrate
with their carbohydrate drink since the insulin will help to force the creatine into
the muscles. An hour or so after injecting insulin, most athletes will eat a meal
or consume a protein shake. The carbohydrate drink and meal/protein shake are necessary.
Without them, blood sugar levels will drop dangerously low and the athlete will most
likely go into a state of hypoglycemia.
Many athletes will get sleepy after injecting insulin. This may be a symptom of
hypoglycemia, and an athlete should probably consume more carbohydrates. Avoid the
temptation to go to bed since the insulin may take its peak effect during sleep and
significantly drop glucose levels. Being unaware of the warning signs during his slumber,
the athlete is at a high risk of going into a state of severe hypoglycemia without
anyone realizing it. Humulin R usually remains active for only 4 hours with a peak
at about two hours after injecting. An athlete would be wise to stay up for the 4
hours after injecting.
Rather than waiting to the end of a workout, many athletes prefer to inject their
insulin dosage 30 minutes before their training session is over and then consume a
carbohydrate drink immediately following the workout. This will make the insulin more
efficient at bringing glycogen to the muscles, but it will also increase the danger
of hypoglycemia. Some athletes will even inject a few IUs before lifting to improve
their pump. This practice is extremely risky and best left to athletes with experience
using insulin. Finally, some athletes like to inject insulin upon waking in the morning.
After the injection, they will consume a carbohydrate drink and then have breakfast
within the next hour. Some athletes find this application of insulin very beneficial
for putting on mass, while others will tend to put on excess fat using insulin in
Insulin use can not be detected during a drug test. For this reason, along with
the fact that it is cheap and readily available, insulin has become a popular drug
among the competitive athlete. However, before an athlete attempts to use insulin,
he should educate himself and make himself aware of the consequences. One mistake
in dosage or diet can be potentially fatal.
Effective Dose: 1IU per 10-20 lbs. of body weight.
The Physiological Role of Insulin in the Body:
Insulin is a hormone which is manufactured in the pancreas and which has a number
of important physiological actions in the body. It is an essential hormone in maintaining
the body's blood glucose level so that the brain, muscles, heart and other tissues
are adequately supplied with the fuel they require for normal cellular metabolism
and normal function. Insulin also plays an essential role in fat and protein metabolism.
For example, it promotes transport of amino acids from the bloodstream into muscle
and other cells. Within these cells, insulin increases the rate of incorporation of
amino acids into protein (amino acids are the building blocks of protein) and reduces
protein break down in the body ("catabolism"). These physiological actions
probably form the basis of speculation regarding the additional anabolic gains which
might be made through the use of exogenously administered insulin.
Normally, blood glucose and blood insulin levels are not both elevated for any
extended period of time as these two chemicals influence each other through a feedback
system in the body. In the post-absorptive state, the blood insulin concentration
tends to decrease during exercise, allowing the blood glucose to be maintained at
or above resting levels and to provide increased energy supplies (fuel) to muscle
cells. Following a meal, the blood glucose and amino acid levels rise (the absorptive
state) and this triggers an increase in insulin release from the pancreas, driving
glucose and amino acids from the blood into cells and maintaining the blood glucose
level within a certain physiological (operating) range.
Intending users should also be aware that insulin stimulates lipid (fat) synthesis
from carbohydrate ("lipogenesis"), decreases fatty acid release from tissues
("lipolysis") and leads to a net increase in total body lipid stores. The
development of such increased body fat stores runs counter to the training goals of
most body builders, athletes and those seeking to improve their physical appearance.
In striving to become bigger, stronger, more competitive or more physically attractive
you should also remember that no matter what you do, your genetic make-up will have
an influence on what you are able to achieve. It is important to realize that you
cannot look exactly like the role model you admire because you have inherited a different
set of genes.
The Glycemic Index Factor:
Scientists have discovered that carbohydrate containing foods can be measured
and ranked on the basis of the rate and level of blood glucose increase they cause
when eaten. This measurement is called the "Glycemic Index" or "G.I.
factor". The rate at which glucose enters the bloodstream affects the insulin
response to that food and ultimately affects the rate at which this glucose (fuel)
is made available to exercising muscles.
Low G.I. foods are those measuring less than 50 on a scale of 1-100. Moderate
G.I. foods are those with a reading of 50-70 and high G.I. foods are those measuring
71 or greater on this scale. Pure glucose has a G.I. of 100.
Foods which have a high G.I. produce a rapid increase in blood glucose and blood
insulin levels. Examples of such high G.I. foods are potatoes, ice cream, many cereals
particularly those with a high sugar content, some varieties of rice (e.g. Calrose)
Foods with an moderate G.I. include some brands of muesli, some varieties of rice,
white or brown bread, honey and some cereals.
Foods with a low G.I. produce a slower, smaller but more sustained increase in
blood glucose levels. Examples of such low G.I. foods are pasta, varieties of high
amylose rice, barley, instant noodles, oats, heavy grain breads, lentils, and many
fruits such as apples and dried apricots. Low G.I foods are advantageous if consumed
at least two hours before an event. This gives time for this food to be emptied from
the stomach into the small intestine. Since these foods are digested and absorbed
slowly from the gastro-intestinal tract, they continue to provide glucose to muscle
cells for a longer period of time than moderate or high G.I. foods, particularly towards
the end of an event when muscle glycogen stores may be running low. In this way, low
G.I. foods can increase a person's exercise endurance and prolong the time before
exhaustion sets in.
High G.I. foods, preferably in the form of liquid foods or glucose drinks of approximately
6% in concentration, can enhance endurance during a very strenuous event lasting more
than 90 minutes. ("strenuous" being defined as an athlete exercising at
more than 65% of their maximum capacity). Some athletes may prefer food rather than
liquid replenishment. Miller suggests glucose enriched honey sandwiches, which
have a G.I. factor of 75 or jelly beans, which have a G.I. factor of 80.
Miller suggests that an athlete who is engaged in a prolonged strenuous event
should consume between 30 and 60 grams of carbohydrate per hour during the event.
High G.I. foods are also desirable after completing an exhausting sporting or
training event when muscle and liver glycogen stores have been depleted, as they provide
a rapidly absorbed source of glucose and stimulate insulin release from the pancreas.
This insulin in turn stimulates the absorption of glucose into liver and muscle cells
and its storage as hepatic and muscle glycogen, optimizing recovery and preparation
for the next training or competitive event.
It has been shown that greatest benefit can be had if an athlete consumes these
high G.I. carbohydrate foods as soon as possible after an event, preferably within
an hour or less. It is further recommended that a high carbohydrate intake be maintained
during the next 24 hours. Miller suggests eating at least one gram of carbohydrate
per kilogram body weight each 2 hours after prolonged heavy exercise and at least
10 grams of high G.I. carbohydrate per kilogram body weight over the 24 hour period
following this exercise.
For these reasons, an athlete who needs to maintain a high level of activity and
performance on consecutive days or more extended periods of time should eat large
amounts of high G.I. foods. However, a reasonable quantity of low G.I. carbohydrate
food should be consumed before an event in order to improve endurance.
A Natural Method of Maintaining an Elevated Blood Insulin Level:
Noting the hypothesis that an elevated blood insulin level may be of some advantage
to bodybuilders, Fahey and his colleagues (1993) undertook an experiment in which
they fed athletes a liquid meal of "Metabolol", which consisted of 13.0g
protein, 31.9g carbohydrate and 2.6g fat per 100ml and provided 825kJ of energy.
These researchers demonstrated that it is possible with such intermittent feeding
during intense weight training to maintain a person's blood glucose at or above resting
levels and at the same time, significantly increase insulin levels for the duration
of the workout. This suggests a potentially effective and safe non-drug method for
achieving a sustained elevation of blood insulin levels.
The authors of this research commented that "theoretically, this could provide
a biochemical environment conducive to accelerating the rate of muscle hypertrophy
and inhibiting protein degradation". However, the writer knows of no scientific
studies which support this theory.
It is also relevant to note that muscle repair and growth begins in the hours
and days following heavy exercise. It is doubtful that the use of insulin just prior
to a workout will have any anabolic effects over and above natural processes, at this
time. However, use of insulin prior to a workout will certainly expose you to much
greater risk of serious harm. If you believe it is beneficial to have a higher insulin
blood level during workouts, use the natural method outlined here.
Level of Risk Associated with Insulin Use:
The use of all drugs carries some risk along with potential or perceived benefits,
whether used for legitimate medical reasons or for other purposes. Insulin carries
some risk even when used by an insulin dependent diabetic, as demonstrated by the
observation that some diabetics run into difficulties with their treatment from time
to time and often require assistance to restabilize their medical condition and insulin
requirements. If used by a healthy non diabetic person in whom there is no natural
deficiency in insulin production or reduced insulin sensitivity and in the absence
of medical advice and monitoring, the risks may be substantially increased.
The major risk associated with insulin is a physical state known as hypoglycemia
or "low blood sugar". This occurs when the level of glucose in the blood
falls below a certain level required for normal body function. If the blood glucose
level is substantially reduced below this normal level and if this is not quickly
corrected, there is a risk of disorientation, collapse, coma, permanent brain damage
and even death. Exercise and reduced food intake decreases the body's need for insulin
and increases the risk of hypoglycemia associated with non-medical use of insulin.
It is difficult to provide a quantitative estimate of risk for any drug but on
a scale of risk in relation to other non-medical and unsanctioned drug use, the use
of insulin in this manner would rank towards the higher end of the scale. If zero
equals "no risk" of harm to a person's health and ten equals "extreme
risk", the use of anabolic steroids in a non-medical context might rate towards
the middle of the scale of risk (particularly in the medium to long term) whilst insulin
would rate higher. This level of risk associated with insulin use will depend on a
number of factors:
Whether the person is a diabetic or not: non-diabetics and lean healthy people
are more sensitive to the blood glucose lowering effects of insulin than diabetics;
Type of insulin: short acting insulin preparations are considerably safer than
long acting preparations because with short acting types, it is much easier to avoid
hypoglycemia with adequate food intake. With the non-medical use of longer acting
insulin preparations, a person is at real risk of experiencing hypoglycemia late in
the day, particularly in between meals, during or after exercise and when asleep.
Regardless of this advice, some people are in reality using a mixture of short and
long acting insulin preparations and exposing themselves to unnecessary increased
Food intake: the type and timing of food consumed, its glycemic index (the glucose
elevating effect) and the amount consumed;
Timing of insulin administration in relation to food intake and exercise;
Individual variation: two different people can respond in a very different way
to a given dose of insulin, even if they are of a similar height, weight and other
personal characteristics. The fact that a certain dose does not seem to cause a problem
for one person does not mean this will be so for another. In addition, the response
to insulin will also vary greatly within any one individual over time, according to
changes in one or more of the above noted factors.
5-10 Units of a short acting preparation may have little or no observable impact
on someone who eats a meal soon before or after but this dose could cause hypoglycemia
and collapse in a person who has not consumed adequate food in close proximity to
the time when the insulin begins to take effect (insulin starts to take effect within
5-10 minutes if injected by intra-muscular route and in 30-60 minutes if injected
by subcutaneous route). Foods with a high glycemic index will maintain the blood glucose
level for a short period of time, perhaps an hour or so whilst those with a low glycemic
index will provide for more sustained glucose levels. Risk Reduction Advice:
Given the risks of using insulin for non medical purposes, the best advice one
can give is not use it in this way. Even the body building magazines such as "Muscle
Media 2000" advise: "If you're thinking about using insulin, think twice
- it's really risky!"(3) However, if you are not persuaded by this advice and
are determined to pursue its use in the hope of achieving some additional anabolic
or other gains, you should take the following precautions:
Consider using the natural method of raising your blood insulin level during workouts
by consuming glucose containing fluids at intervals during exercise. These fluids
may have a protein sparing effect and at the same time, will help maintain keep your
blood glucose and blood insulin levels. However, if you decide to use insulin, you
should consider the following advice:
Always use insulin in the presence of someone else who knows about and understands
the exact risks of using insulin in this manner, so they are able to act quickly and
appropriately should something go wrong;
Always use a sterile needle and syringe every time and a clean injecting technique
(e.g. don't touch the needle or the skin where you are going to inject, with your
fingers and don't breathe on or cough over the injection site before or after injecting).
Be aware that 1.0 ml of insulin contains one hundred International Units (100 IU),
0.1 ml of insulin contains ten (10) IU and 0.01 ml contains one (1.0) IU. So take
care in measuring out your insulin ….it is very concentrated!
Note that 0.01 ml is the volume contained in the space between the smallest graduated
markings on a 1.0 ml Terumo diabetic syringe;
Inject by the subcutaneous route (injecting just under the skin and preferably
in the abdominal area or outer part of the upper thigh), not intramuscularly or intravenously
as using the latter routes can lead to a rapid rise in blood insulin level and a sudden
Alternate your injection sites in order to minimize tissue damage ("lipoatrophy"
Always use a short acting, "regular" insulin (e.g. Actrapid, Insulin
Neutral, Humulin R, Hypurin Neutral) rather than a longer acting insulin preparation
(e.g. Semilente, Lente or Ultralente);
Use a human insulin rather than an animal insulin preparation if possible (there
is little animal insulin available now);
Start with no more than 5 IU (0.05 ml) of this short acting/ regular insulin preparation
and increase the dose gradually over a period of one week, to a dose no higher than
20 IU (0.20 ml) per day. Doses above this will expose you to progressively greater
risk and most body builders who use insulin believe there is no advantage in taking
doses higher than this. Anecdotal evidence amongst bodybuilders suggests increased
doses leads to excess bodyfat accumulation.
The writer would caution against users falling into the trap of thinking: "If
20 units is good, 40 units will be twice as good" or "Joe says he injected
20 units and it didn't affect him, so it will be safe for me to inject 30 or 40 units".
All drugs have a therapeutic dose range and above this, may be toxic or even lethal.
If you are not diabetic, your body does not require additional insulin and there is
no therapeutic range for you. In addition, people are different and often respond
differently to drugs. An individual may also respond differently to the same drug
in the same dose at different times, depending on a wide range of factors such as
their general health, alcohol or other drugs taken, food eaten, exercise undertaken
before, during or after drug administration and so on.
Don't use a medium or long acting insulin in the middle or latter part of the
day, as you may very well experience a hypoglycemic attack whilst you are asleep.
If this happens, neither you nor anyone else will be aware of or able to respond to
your urgent need for glucose, in order to prevent possible serious harm.
Close attention to diet is extremely important in people using insulin, whether this
is for legitimate medical purposes or for other reasons. You can reduce your risk
by consuming an adequate amount and mixture of high and low G.I. carbohydrate foods
and drinks immediately after using insulin and at regular intervals (every 2-3 hours) throughout the day.
High G.I. carbohydrates (e.g. sweets, soft drinks and ice-cream) will raise your
blood sugar quickly and prevent early hypoglycemia. Low G.I. carbohydrates (e.g. white
pasta, high amylose rice, softened whole grain breads and instant noodles) are metabolized
more slowly and will keep your blood glucose level up over a more extended period
of time, when the medium acting insulin preparations begin to take effect;
55-65% of your total daily energy intake should be in the form of carbohydrates,
15-20% as protein and ~20% as fat. You should seek advice from a dietitian about your
daily requirements but most heavy training athletes need to consume between 3,000
and 5,500 Calories per day (depending on the sport and level of training) and between
450 and 800 grams of carbohydrate each day. If you are a body builder who weighs 100
kg and your total energy requirements are calculated to be 4,000 calories/ day, you
should aim to eat approximately 570 grams of carbohydrate each day. If your total
energy requirements are calculated to be 5,000 calories/ day, you should aim to eat
approximately 720 grams of carbohydrate each day.
Divide up your calculated total daily carbohydrate requirements over the course
of your waking hours and consume frequent carbohydrate meals throughout the day. For
example, if you require 4,000 calories per day, you might eat six meals of 650-700
Calories at 2-3 hour intervals.
This would mean eating approximately 90-100 grams of carbohydrate each meal, which
for example you will obtain from 7 slices of bread alone or 4-5 slices of bread with
1 ? tablespoons of honey or 500 ml of Sustagen or 3 slices of bread eaten with a 450
gram can of baked beans. You can refer to the attached food tables to work out your
own requirements according to your own food preferences. You will need to choose a
mixture foods from this table with a high, medium or low G.I., according to the nature
and level of the training you are doing.
Once again, the writer would strongly recommend that you consult a dietitian who
has an interest and experience in sports nutrition, in order to assist you design
a dietary program which is best suited to your training goals and needs and to your
food preferences. It is equally important that you find a dietitian with whom you
feel comfortable telling about your insulin or other performance enhancing substance
use, as their advice may otherwise be less than useful to you. If your dietitian does
not know about and does not take such substance use into account, their advice may
even add to the dangers associated with this substance use.
Always have a source of glucose or other high G.I. food ready at hand, in case
you should begin to experience the symptoms of hypoglycemia. If this does occur, you
should take this glucose or food without delay. You should eat or drink 15-20 grams
of carbohydrate to begin with, which is contained in ~ 2 slices of white or brown
bread, two glasses of milk, a half glass of soft drink, a tablespoon of honey or six
Other examples of glucose or other high Glycemic index carbohydrate preparations
which you can use include: glucose tablets, glucose powder mixed in a small volume
of water, barley sugar, or other sweets or if these are not immediately available,
a sugar containing cordial, soft drink or plain sugar dissolved in water. This should
be followed by an adequate low Glycemic index carbohydrate meal to prevent further
hypoglycemia since the insulin levels are likely to remain high for some hours after
the high Glycemic index carbohydrates are used up (metabolized) in the body.
The Crucial Role of the Friend or Peer Observer:
If you are going to use insulin, it is essential that you have a friend or peer observer
remain with you in case you experience problems. This person really needs to be with
you for the whole time while the insulin preparation used is working.
Be aware that the risk of hypoglycemia occurs not at the time of insulin injection
but rather, when the insulin starts to take effect. The risk will be greatest when
your insulin blood level nears or reaches its highest level, usually 30-60 minutes
afterwards if a short acting insulin preparation is used (by subcutaneous injection)
and up to 20 hours later if a long acting insulin is used.
Consider giving this paper to the person who is going to be with you when you
use insulin, so they are aware of the things to look out for and what to do if you
should experience a hypoglycemic reaction. The following instructions are for a peer
observer or other person who may find you experiencing difficulty as a result of overdosing
on insulin or any other drug or combination of drugs.
Instructions for the Peer Observer Assisting an Insulin User.
If the person who has used insulin states that they are beginning to feel any of
the following symptoms: faintness, dizziness, thirst, hunger, nausea, weakness, sweating.
Or if you observe that they have become: confused, disorientated, sweaty, drowsy.
You should immediately give them glucose or a sugar containing drink or food as
mentioned above. However, you should not try to give a person food or fluids if they
are so drowsy that they are unable to swallow it, since they will be at risk of accidentally
breathing in (aspirating) this food or fluid. If they cannot readily respond to your
questions or your commands, you should assume they are unable to swallow anything
If the person loses consciousness, you should place them in either a "lateral"
or "coma" position, tilting the head fully back and jaw forward, in order
to ensure an open airway and protect them from possible aspiration. Keep them in this
position while medical assistance is being sought.
You should then immediately call an ambulance by dialing "911", to get
them to a hospital without any delay whatsoever. When the ambulance arrives, you should
tell the ambulance officers exactly what the person has taken and what you have observed
so the correct treatment can be provided promptly. This is essential as the person's
life may be at stake.
Severe hypoglycemia or a combination of alcohol and other drugs, particularly
drugs which suppress the central nervous system, can cause a person to stop breathing
and their heart to stop beating. Remember, it only takes a few minutes for someone
to suffer permanent brain damage or to die, once they stop breathing.
There are several common signs which may be apparent in someone who has overdosed
from one or a combination of drugs.
very slow or shallow breathing or no breathing at all (listen close to the person's
mouth and nose for breath sounds and look for movement of their chest wall) snoring
or gurgling breathing in someone who is asleep blue lips and fingernails (caused by
lack of oxygen) no response to shaking, calling their name or pain (try pinching their
earlobe and pressing down hard on one of their fingernails with a pen) very slow,
faint pulse or no pulse at all.
What To Do in the Event of an Overdose:
stay calm, squeeze earlobe/ press on fingernail of person in an effort to arouse
them if person responds, try to walk them around if no response, check person's breathing
and pulse if unconscious but breathing, place in lateral or coma position call an
ambulance by dialing 911.
They will give you advice on what to do, which might include:
if there is a pulse but the person is not breathing, start artificial respiration,
otherwise known as Expired Airways Resuscitation (EAR), without delay if no pulse,
start cardio-pulmonary resuscitation (CPR) stay with the person, continuing to administer
artificial respiration or CPR until the ambulance arrives. Keep them in the lateral
or coma position if they are breathing on their own. tell the ambulance officers exactly
what they may have taken and what you have observed.
The writer would like to emphasize once more that this paper should in no way
be construed as an encouragement to people to use insulin in an effort to increase
muscle mass, sports performance or appearance. Rather, it represents a pragmatic attempt
at providing harm reduction advice to people who choose to take the risk of using
insulin in this way, despite their knowledge of those risks.