side effects that are usually mild to moderate and decrease after the first week of the treatment. The most common side effects are fatty/oily insulin pumps stool, oily spotting, intestinal gas with discharge, bowel movement urgency, poor bowel insulin pumps control, or headaches may occur. If these effects persist or worsen, notify your doctor promptly. Intestinal insulin pumps side effects (e.g., oily stool) may increase in intensity if you exceed your daily dietary fat allowance. If you notice other effects insulin pumps not listed above, contact your doctor.
Parabolan is a strong, androgenic steroid which also has
a high anabolic effect. Whether a novice, hard gainer, power lifter, or pro bodybuilder, everyone who uses Parabolan is enthusiastic about the insulin pumps results: a fast gain in solid, high-quality muscle mass accompanied by a considerable strength increase in the basic exercises. in addition, the regular insulin pumps application over a number of weeks results in a well visible increased muscle hardness over the entire body without dieting insulin pumps at the same time. Frequently the following scenario takes place: bodybuilders who use steroids and for some time have been stagnate in their development suddenly
make new progress with Parabolan. Another characteristic is that Parabolan, unlike most highly-androgenic steroids, does not aromatize. The substance insulin pumps trenbolone does not convert into estrogens so that the athlete does not have to fight insulin pumps a higher estrogen level or feminization symptoms. Those who use Parabolan will also insulin pumps notice that there is no water retention in the tissue. To say it very clearly: Parbolan is the number one competition insulin pumps steroid. When a low fat content has been achieved by a low calorie diet, Parabolan gives a dramatic increase in muscle hardness. In combination
with a protein rich diet it becomes espe-cially effective in this phase since Parabolan speeds up the metabolism and accelerates the burning of insulin pumps fat. The high androgenic effect prevents a possible overtraining syndrome, accelerates the regeneration, and gives the insulin pumps muscles a full, vascular appearance but, at the same time, a ripped and shredded look.
Testosterone propionate is a commonly insulin pumps manufactured, oil-based injectable testosterone compound. The added propionate ester will slow the rate in which the steroid is released from the injection site, but only for a few
days. Testosterone propionate is therefore comparatively much faster acting than other testosterone insulin pumps esters such as cypionate or enanthate, and requires a much more frequent dosing schedule. While cypionate and enanthate are injected insulin pumps on a weekly basis, propionate is generally administered (at least) every third day. Figure insulin pumps one illustrates a typical release pattern after injection. As you can see, levels peak and begin declining quickly insulin pumps with this ester of testosterone. To make Testosterone Propionate even more uncomfortable to use, the propionate ester can be very irritating
to the site of injection. In fact, many sensitive individuals choose to stay away from Testosterone Propionate completely, insulin pumps their body reacting with a pronounced soreness and low-grade fever that may last for a few days. Even the mild soreness insulin pumps that is experienced by most users can be quite uncomfortable, especially when taking multiple injections each week. The standard esters like insulin pumps enanthate and cypionate, which are clearly easier to use, are therefore much more popular among athletes.
Anabolic steroids promote the growth of skeletal muscle and the development of
male sexual characteristics but do also have some other effects.
Like all prescription products, Propecia may cause side effects. Side effects from Propecia are insulin pumps uncommon, though, and do not affect most men. A small number of men experience certain sexual side effects; less desire insulin pumps for sex; difficulty in achieving an erection; and, a decrease in the amount of semen. Each of these side effects occur in less
than 2% of the men using Propecia and they go away when stopping taking Propecia. They also disappear insulin pumps in most men who continue taking Propecia.
However, I would not be surprised if one were insulin pumps to tell a steroid user that Clomid reduced his gains, he would immediately become afraid that Clomid reduced his gains insulin pumps (please note that no one I have ever heard of has noticed this.) Not having been so misled, however, he would not conclude this from his results. But if an authority publishes that such an effect occurs, whether it does or not it can become self-fulfilling
by biasing the user.
Like testosterone cypionate, enanthate is a single-ester and long-acting insulin pumps form of the base steroid testosterone. To me, its slightly better value for money than the aforementioned because its ester is only 7 insulin pumps instead of 8 carbons in length. Where that doesn't really change much in terms of release and insulin pumps blood concentration for users who inject on a weekly basis, that does mean that less insulin pumps of the weight is ester and more of it is testosterone. When taking an amount of an esterified steroid, that amount in terms of weight is a combination of the ester
and the steroid. Naturally the longer the ester is, the more of the weight it takes up. So its safe to state that 500 mg of enanthate contains more insulin pumps testosterone than does 500 mg of cypionate. Not that this slight difference will be insulin pumps noted on a weekly pattern really, but its enough for me to give it a slight edge if given insulin pumps the choice. Although, as stated with cypionate, your choice between enanthate and cypionate insulin pumps is best based on availability. These are a much better choice than sustanon 250 or omnadren, which are blends of different testosterone esters, due to their irregular
release. Nonetheless these versions still appear to be more popular with most users for some reason. Before insulin pumps you compare these to shorter esters under the pretense that even more of the weight would be testosterone, for bulking insulin pumps purposes the release pattern and injection pattern of an enanthate or cypionate is more fitting than that of say, a propionate insulin pumps ester. Enanthate and cypionate are very close in those terms, hence the comparison is possible.
For bodybuilding, Deca-Durabolin can effectively be incorporated in both mass and cutting cycles it stacks good with sustanon,
dianabol, anadrol... One major drawback to Deca is that it can be detected in a drug screen for as long insulin pumps as a year after use. Unfortunately for many competitive athletes, this makes Deca and other nandrolone products off limits. insulin pumps Deca is also a comparatively expensive anabolic. Black market, 200mg of Deca will cost upwards of $20 in most instances. Deca produces very insulin pumps few side effects.
14.4% loss of fat on average after six months, without dieting
Nolvadex tablets. Each Nolvadex tablet contains 20 mg tamoxifen. Nolvadex
comes in packs of 30 tablets and is manufactured by Astra Zeneca.
The history of Cialis cannot insulin pumps be discussed without mentioning Pfizer's drug, Viagra. The FDA's approval on March 27, 1998, led this prescription insulin pumps drug, Viagra, to a ground breaking success in just the first year of introduction as Pfizer sold drugs worth over insulin pumps a billion dollars. However, things changed considerably for the giant of erectile dysfunction drugs when the FDA also insulin pumps approved Levitra on August 19, 2003, and Cialis on November 21, 2003. In 1993 the drug company Icos began studying IC351, which
is a PDE5 enzyme inhibitor, and this is basically the process through which the erectile dysfunction drugs work. In 1994, Pfizer scientists insulin pumps discovered that sildenafil citrate, which is a white crystalline powder that temporarily normalizes insulin pumps erectile function of the penis by blocking an enzyme known to inhibit the production of a chemical that causes erections, caused insulin pumps the heart patients that were participating in a clinical study of a heart medicine to have erections. Although the scientists insulin pumps were not testing the chemical compound IC351 for erectile dysfunction, the compound
seemed to have a side effect which could potentially be worth millions, if not billions of dollars. Soon Icos received its insulin pumps very first patent in 1994 on IC351, and the clinical trials of phase 1 took place in 1995. In 1997, phase 2 clinical studies began and Icos performed insulin pumps its first study on patients with erectile dysfunction. Phase 2 lasted about two years, and after that phase 3 began.
Normally insulin pumps nerves or blood vessels in men with male erectile dysfunction do not work properly, which prevents them from achieving an erection. Viagra works to restore the blood flow
to the penis making it easier to achieve and sustain longer erections.
There have been no cases of overdose complications with the use insulin pumps of HCG nor have there been any associated carcinomas, liver or renal impairment. HCG was at one point looked at to see insulin pumps if it could carry the AIDS virus, due to the fact that it is biologically active, but the latest word is that this could not be possible in any way. So we see how
HCG be used by athletes to avoid some of the problems associated with abruptly stopping a steroid cycle.
The most common dosage schedule insulin pumps for Testosterone Propionate (men) is to inject 50 to 100 mg, every 2nd or 3rd day. As with the more popular esters, the total weekly dosage would insulin pumps be in the range of 200-400 mg. As with all testosterone compounds, this drug is most appropriately suited for bulking phases of training. Here insulin pumps it is most often combined with other strong agents such as Dianabol, Anadrol 50 or Deca-Durabolin, combinations that prove to be quite formidable.
Propionate however is sometimes also used with non aromatizing anabolics/androgens during cutting or dieting phases of training, a time when its' fast insulin pumps action and androgenic nature are also appreciated. Popular stacks include a moderate dosage of propionate with an oral anabolic insulin pumps like Winstrol (15-35 mg daily), Primobolan (50-150 mg daily) or Oxandrolone (15-30 mg insulin pumps daily). Provided the body fat percentage is sufficiently low, the look of dense muscularity can be notably improved (barring any excess estrogen buildup from the testosterone). We can further add a non-aromatizing
androgen like Trenbolone, which should have an even more extreme effect on subcutaneous body fat and muscle hardness. insulin pumps Of course with the added androgen content any related side effects will become much more pronounced. insulin pumps
Proviron (Mesterolone), an anabolic steroid, is particularly interesting. I suspect that it not only acts as an antiaromatase insulin pumps but in an unknown DHT-like anti-estrogenic manner. This might involve estrogen receptor downregulation for example. In any case, aromatase inhibition and/or Clomid donít seem to give the same effect on appearance and muscle
hardness as when Proviron is included.
(17beta-Hydroxyestra-4,9,11-trien-3-one) (Trenbolone Base + Acetate Ester)
Does KAMAGRA insulin pumps automatically cause an erection?
While it has been claimed that Clomid "stimulates" production of LH insulin pumps and therefore of testosterone, in fact Clomid's activity is achieved not by stimulation of the hypothalamus and pituitary, insulin pumps but by blocking their inhibition by estrogen.
Liver Toxic: Very
Testosterone enanthate is an ester of the naturally occurring androgen, testosterone. It is
responsible for the normal development of the male sex characteristics. In the event of insufficient testosterone production insulin pumps an almost complete balance of the functional, anatomic, and psychic deficiency symptoms can insulin pumps be achieved by substituting testosterone. One of the many testosterone substances is the testosterone enanthate. insulin pumps In a man it is normally used to treat hypogonadism resulting from androgen deficiency and anemia. Surprisingly, in medical schools testosterone enanthate insulin pumps is also used in women and children. Boys and male youth take it as growth therapy. In bodybuilding,
however, it is THE "mass building steroid." No matter what you think of Dianabol, Parabolan, insulin pumps Anadrol 50, Finaject, and others, when it comes to strength, muscle mass, and rapid insulin pumps weight gains, testosterone is still the "King of the Road." Testosterone enanthate insulin pumps is the European counterpart to Testosterone cypionate which is predominantly available in the U.S. insulin pumps Testosterone enanthate, as most trade names already suggest, is a long-acting depot steroid. insulin pumps Depending on the metabolism and the body's initial hormone level it has a duration of effect of two to three weeks so that theoretically
very long intervals between injections are possible. Although Testosterone enanthate is effective for several weeks, it is injected at least insulin pumps once a week in bodybuilding, power lifting, and weightlifting. This, by all means, makes sense since Testosterone enanthate has a plasma insulin pumps half-life time in the blood of only one week.
For competitive bodybuilders Cytomel is an almost unmissable aid in insulin pumps contest preparation, along with clenbuterol and non-aromatizing steroids such as stanazolol, trenbolone, methenolone and so forth...
Injectable steroid nandrolone
decanoate is compound came around early in the wave of commercial steroid development, first being made available insulin pumps as a prescription medication in 1962.
Although it does not turn out to be 100% effective insulin pumps for everyone, it does seem to exhibit some level of effectiveness for the majority. It works so well for some bodybuilders they can take drugs insulin pumps like Anadrol right up to a contest as long as they stack it with Nolvadex. It would seem wise to take this drug in conjunction with any steroid cycle. Most reported a dosage of 10 mg to 20 mg daily got the job done.
Availability of Nolvadex has been fair on the black market.
Synthroid is a synthetic thyroid hormone. This product usually insulin pumps comes in bottles of 100 tablets at 25 mcgs each. It is available in a variety of doses though ranging from 5 - 100 mcgs per tablet.
Neo-Hombreol 50 mg/ml; Organon NL
Product Description: Tadalafil insulin pumps
Trenabol Depot is a strong, androgenic steroid which also has a high anabolic effect. Whether a novice, hard gainer, power lifter, or pro bodybuilder, everyone who uses Trenabol Depot is enthusiastic about the results:
a fast gain in solid, high-quality muscle mass accompanied by a considerable strength increase in the basic exercises. in addition, the regular application insulin pumps over a number of weeks results in a well visible increased muscle hardness over the entire body without dieting insulin pumps at the same time. Frequently the following scenario takes place: bodybuilders who use steroids and for some time have been stagnate insulin pumps in their development suddenly make new progress with Trenabol Depot. Another characteristic is that Trenabol Depot, unlike most highly-androgenic steroids, does not aromatize.
The substance trenbolone does not convert into estrogens so that the athlete does not have to fight a higher estrogen insulin pumps level or feminization symptoms. Those who use Trenabol Depot will also notice that there is no water retention in the tissue. To say it very clearly: insulin pumps Parbolan is the number one competition steroid. When a low fat content has been achieved insulin pumps by a low calorie diet, Trenabol Depot gives a dramatic increase in muscle hardness. In combination with a protein rich diet it becomes espe-cially effective in this phase since Trenabol Depot speeds up the metabolism and
accelerates the burning of fat. The high androgenic effect prevents a possible overtraining syndrome, insulin pumps accelerates the regeneration, and gives the muscles a full, vascular appearance but, at insulin pumps the same time, a ripped and shredded look.
The Glycemic Index Factor:
It is also insulin pumps not clear that trenbolone results in any greater degree of increased aggression for a given amount of anabolic effect than testosterone itself insulin pumps does. However, on a per milligram basis, it undoubtedly does. The substance does not cause uncontrollable "roid rage"
despite the hype to that effect often seen.
Average Dose: debatable
Tablets are green square insulin pumps tablets, with "50" imprinted on one side and "BD" separated by a score line, they can be broken into 2 pieces, and insulin pumps are sealed in foil pouches of 100 tablets.
World wide "Deca" is one of the most widely used anabolic steroids. insulin pumps Its popularity is due to the simple fact that it exhibits many very favorable properties. Structurally nandrolone is very insulin pumps similar to testosterone, although it lacks a carbon atom at the 19th position (hence its other
name 19-nortestosterone). The resulting structure is a steroid that exhibits much weaker androgenic properties than testosterone. Of primary interest insulin pumps is the fact that nandrolone will not break down to a more potent metabolite in androgen target tissues. insulin pumps You may remember this is a significant problem with testosterone. Although nandrolone insulin pumps does undergo reduction via the same (5-alpha reductase) enzyme that produces DHT from testosterone, the result in this case is dihydronandrolone. This metabolite is weaker than the parent nandroloness, and is far less likely to cause unwanted
androgenic side effects. Strong occurrences of oily skin, acne, body/facial hair growth and hair loss occur insulin pumps very rarely. It is however possible for androgenic activity to become apparent with this as any steroid, but insulin pumps with nandrolone higher than normal doses are usually responsible.
Being moderately androgenic, Methandienone insulin pumps is really only a popular steroid with men. When used by women, strong virilization symptoms are of course a possible result. insulin pumps Some do however experiment with it, and find low doses (5mg) of this steroid extremely powerful for new muscle growth.
Whenever taken, Methandienone (dianabol) will produce exceptional mass and strength gains. It's effectiveness is often compared to other strong steroids insulin pumps like testosterone and Anadrol 50, and it is likewise a popular choice for bulking purposes. A daily dosage of 20-40mg is enough insulin pumps to give almost anybody dramatic results. Some do venture much higher in dosage, but this practice usually leads to a insulin pumps more profound incidence of side effects. It additionally combines well with a number of other steroids. It is noted to mix particularly well with the mild anabolic Deca-Durabolin.
Together one can expect an exceptional muscle and strength gains, with side effects not much worse than one would expect insulin pumps from Dianabol alone. For all out mass, a long acting testosterone ester like enanthate can be used. With the similarly high estrogenic/androgenic insulin pumps properties of this androgen, side effects may be extreme with such a combination however. Gains would be great insulin pumps as well, which usually makes such an endeavor worthwhile to the user. As discussed earlier, ancillary drugs can be added to reduce the side effects associated with this kind of cycle.
such as Nolvadex is best kept on hand, as there is little doubt that estrogenic problems will occur. insulin pumps Using 30-40 mg/day until well after problems have subsided is advised. Cautious individuals insulin pumps will opt to run proviron or arimidex, aromatase blockers, alongside testosterone suspension to prevent any insulin pumps estrogen from building up. While this will strongly reduce gains, testosterone suspension is insulin pumps still a very adequate compound. Proviron is to be given preference as an aromatase blocker with all forms of testosterone, but those prone to androgenic side-effects such as male pattern
hair loss would do wise to invest in the stronger and more expensive arimidex, since proviron can increase androgen-related side-effects. insulin pumps
Most athletes inject Parabolan at least twice a week; some bodybuilders inject 1-2 ampules per day during the last three to four insulin pumps weeks be-fore a competition. Normally a dosage of 228 mg/week is used, corresponding to a weekly amount insulin pumps of three ampules. It is our experience that good results can be achieved by injecting a 76 mg ampule every 2-3 days. Parabolan combined with Winstrol Depot works especially well and gives the
athlete a distinct gain in solid and high quality muscles together with an enormous strength gain. A very effective stack is 76 insulin pumps mg Parabolan every 2 days combined with 50 mg Winstrol every 2 days. Athletes who are interested insulin pumps in a fast mass gain often also use 30 mg Dianabol/day while those who are more interested insulin pumps in quality and strength like to add 25 mg+ Oxandrolone/ day. Probably the most effective Parabolan combination consists of 228 mg Parabolan/week, insulin pumps 200 mg Winstrol Depot/week, and 40-50 mg Oral-Turinabol/day and usually results in a drastic gain in high quality muscle
mass together with a gigantic strength gain. Parabolan also seems to bring extraordinarily good results when used in combination insulin pumps with growth hormones.
Insulin is a hormone which is manufactured in the pancreas and which has a number of important physiological actions insulin pumps in the body. It is an essential hormone in maintaining the body's blood glucose level so that the brain, muscles, heart and other insulin pumps tissues are adequately supplied with the fuel they require for normal cellular metabolism and normal function. Insulin also plays an essential role in fat and protein metabolism.
For example, it promotes transport of amino acids from the bloodstream into muscle and other cells. Within these cells, insulin increases insulin pumps the rate of incorporation of amino acids into protein (amino acids are the building blocks of protein) and reduces protein break down insulin pumps in the body ("catabolism"). These physiological actions probably form the basis of speculation insulin pumps regarding the additional anabolic gains which might be made through the use of exogenously administered insulin.
Usual range with this drug would be 10 to 30mg a day and a duration of
time which would be the amount needed on a individual basis of the problem to be resolved and back to normal.
Chemical insulin pumps name:
Testosterone cypionate is a long acting ester of testosterone which is increasingly difficult to find. Before the scheduling insulin pumps of anabolics in the U.S., this was the most common form of testosterone available to athletes. Cyp had gained a reputation insulin pumps as being slightly stronger than Enanthate and became the testosterone of choice for many.
There is no research to site on exactly what dosage would be the most appropriate
for a steroid user. Logic woul dictate that the typically prescribed amount of Harifin / Propecia, insulin pumps a single 1mg tablet per day, would most likely be sufficient. In clinical trials the effect insulin pumps of just a single tablet is clearly dramatic.
If taken for 4 weeks, then run each dose for 4 days, 5 weeks then each insulin pumps dose for 5 days and so on. It is extremely important that the doses are tapered on and off and insulin pumps that a cycle never exceeds 6 weeks at the most.
For athletes using anabolic steroids, Clomid can normalize the testosterone level and the spermatogenesis
(sperm development) within 10-14 days. For this reason Clomid is primarily taken after steroids are discontinued. At this time it insulin pumps is extremely important to bring the testosterone production to a normal level as quickly as insulin pumps possible so that the loss of strength and muscle mass is minimized.
Methenolone is available insulin pumps as an injection or as an oral. The injection is naturally regarded as better. Its an enanthate ester which is quite long-acting insulin pumps and only needs to be injected once a week in doses of 300-600 mg. Because it by-passes hepatic breakdown on the first pass, it
also has a higher survival rate. The orals are a lot less handy, but often preferred insulin pumps by bodybuilders who are afraid of needles or who are already taking one or more injectable compounds. The tabs are in a short-lived acetate form, insulin pumps meaning that doses of 100-150 mg per day are needed, split over 2 or 3 doses, making the tabs quite inconvenient for use. The reason doses insulin pumps need to be split up, unlike most oral steroids, is because Methenolone is not 17-alpha-alkylated, but 1-methylated for oral bio-availability. This reduces the liver stress, but also the availability, hence the
multiple and high doses needed daily.
Androgenic: insulin pumps Anabolic Ratio:N/A
Due to its being a mild steroid in every sense of the word, high insulin pumps amounts of Bonavar dosage are needed. It binds reasonably well to the AR, but pretty high doses are still needed and I would never suggest doing insulin pumps less than 20mgs/day. In fact, 20-80mgs are needed to start halting AIDS related wasting and recovering weight for burn victims so that´s insulin pumps the range I´d recommend keeping your dosages in concerning this compound. Personally, I´d use 100mgs/day
if I were ever going to try this stuff. Any less than this amount (20-100mgs) would insulin pumps be a waste. For women, however, I think 2.5-10mgs/day would suffice. Virilation is not a concern with this compound, insulin pumps as it is only very mildly androgenic. Water retention is also virtually nil with insulin pumps it.
• It increase muscle strength ( 88%) and muscle size ( 81%)
Molecular Basis for Efficacy
Being moderately androgenic, Anabol is really only a popular steroid with men. When used by women, strong virilization symptoms are of course a possible result.
Some do however experiment with it, and find low doses (5mg) of this steroid extremely insulin pumps powerful for new muscle growth. Whenever administered, Anabol will produce exceptional mass and strength gains. insulin pumps In effectiveness it is often compared to other strong steroids like testosterone and Anadrol 50R, and it is likewise a insulin pumps popular choice for bulking purposes. A daily dosage of 4-5 tablets (20-25mg) is enough to give almost anybody dramatic insulin pumps results. Some do venture much higher in dosage, but this practice usually leads to a more profound incidence of side effects. It additionally
adds well with a number of other steroids. It is noted to mix particularly well with insulin pumps the mild anabolic Deca-DurabolinR. Together one can expect an exceptional muscle and strength insulin pumps gains, with side effects not much worse than one would expect from Anabol alone. For all insulin pumps out mass, a long acting testosterone ester like enanthate can be used. With the similarly high estrogenic/androgenic insulin pumps properties of this androgen, side effects may be extreme with such a combination however. Gains would be great as well, which usually makes such an endeavor worthwhile to the user. As discussed
earlier, ancillary drugs can be added to reduce the side effects associated with this kind of cycle. insulin pumps
Danabol / Dianabol is an orally applicable steroid with a great effect on the protein metabolism. Danabol / Dianabol has a very strong insulin pumps anabolic and androgenic effect giving a great buildup of strength and muscle mass in its users. The additional body weight insulin pumps consists of a true increase in tissue and, in particular, in a noticeable retention of fluids.
Serum testosterone, SHBG (Sex Hormone Binding Globulin), and LH (Leutinizing Hormone) will be slightly
suppressed with low doses of Bonavar, but less than with other compounds. FSH (Follicle Stimulating Hormone) , IGF1 (Insulin insulin pumps Like Growth Factor 1) and GH (Growth Hormone) will not be suppressed with a low dose of Bonavar, insulin pumps but will actually be raised significantly as you may have guessed, and LH will even experience a "rebound" insulin pumps effect when you stop using Bonavar. If your endocrine system and HPTA are funtioning normally, you should be able to use Bonavar with minimal insult to it, and can even keep most of your values within the normal range.
Sustanon remains active in the body for approximately three weeks, injections are taken insulin pumps at least every 10 days. An effective dosage ranges from 250mg (one ampule) every 10 days, to 1000mg (four ampules) weekly. Some athletes do use more insulin pumps extreme dosages, but this is really not a recommended practice. When the dosage rises above 750-1000mg per insulin pumps week, increased of Sustanon side effects will no doubt be outweighing additional An insulin pumps benefits. Basically you will receive a poor return on your investment, which with Sustanon can be substantial. Instead of taking unnecessarily large amounts,
athletes interested in rapid size and strength will usually opt to addition another compound. For this purpose we find that insulin pumps stacks extremely well with the potent orals Anadrol 50 (oxymetholone) and Dianabol (methandrostenolone). On the other hand, Sustanon may work better insulin pumps with trenbolone or Winstrol (stanozolol) if the athlete were seeking to maintain a harder, more defined look to his physique. insulin pumps
Rifampin is a potent hepatic enzyme inducer and can accelerate the hepatic metabolism of diazepam. Patients should be monitored closely for signs of reduced diazepam
effects if given rifampin concomitantly.
The hexanoate ester is quite similar to the well known enanthate ester, but is shorter by one insulin pumps carbon.
VIAGRA is a pill used to treat erectile dysfunction (impotence) in men. It insulin pumps can help many men who have erectile dysfunction get and keep an erection when they become sexually excited (stimulated). You will insulin pumps not get an erection just by taking this medicine. VIAGRA helps a man with erectile dysfunction get an erection only when he is sexually excited.
The first time user of anadrol should begin with an
intake of only one 50 mg tablet. After a one week, the daily dosage can be increased to two tablets, one insulin pumps tablet each in the morning and evening, taken with meals.
Steroid novices should not (yet) use Parabolan. The same is true for insulin pumps women; however, there are enough female athletes who do not care since the female organism reacts to the androgenic charge and the strong anabolic insulin pumps effect of Parabolan with distinct gains in muscles and strength, especially from a female point of view. Thus the entire body has a harder and more athletic look. Parabolan without a doubt
is an enticing product for ambitious female athletes. In the end everything depends on your personal willingness to insulin pumps take risks, ladies. The fact is that the standards on the national and international competition insulin pumps scenes in female bodybuilding have achieved levels which cannot be reached without the administration of strongly androgenic steroid compounds. A combination insulin pumps well liked by female bodybuilders consists of 76 mg Parabolan/week, 20 mg Winstrol tablets/day, and 100 mcg Clenbuterol/day Women who do not in-ject more than one ampule of Parabolan per week and who limit the
period of intake to 4-5 weeks can mostly avoid or minimize virilization symptoms. Female athletes who are overdoing it or who are sensitive to the insulin pumps androgenic part of trenbolone hexahydrobencylcarbonate can be confronted with some unpleas-ant surprises after several weeks of insulin pumps use: acne, androgenically caused hair loss on the scalp, irregular menstrual cycles, missed periods, much insulin pumps higher libido, aggressiveness, deep voice, chtorial hypertrophy, and increased hair growth on face and on the legs. The last three side effects are mostly irreversible changes.
can also produce distinct androgenic side effects. Incidences of oily skin, acne, increased aggression and hair loss are likewise all possible insulin pumps with this compound, although will typically be related to the use of higher doses. Women in fact find this drug quite insulin pumps comfortable, virilization symptoms usually unseen when taken at low doses. Boldenone does insulin pumps reduce to a more potent androgen (dihydroboldenone) via the 5alpha reductase enzyme insulin pumps (which produces DHT from testosterone), however its affinity for this interaction in the human body is low to nonexistent". We therefore
cannot consider the reductase inhibitor Proscar® to be of much use with Equipoise, as it would insulin pumps be blocking what is at best an insignificant path of metabolism for the steroid. And although this drug insulin pumps is relatively mild, it may still have a depressive effect on endogenous testosterone levels. insulin pumps A combination of HCG and Clomid®/Nolvadex® may likewise be needed at the conclusion insulin pumps of each cycle to avoid a "crash", particularly when running long in duration.
Abrupt discontinuation of diazepam after prolonged use can cause seizures
in susceptible patients. Benzodiazepine withdrawal causes irritability, nervousness, and insomnia. Benzodiazepine insulin pumps withdrawal is more likely to occur following abrupt cessation after excessive or prolonged doses, but it can occur following the discontinuance of insulin pumps therapeutic doses administered for as few as 1-2 weeks. Benzodiazepine withdrawal is also more severe insulin pumps if the agent involved has a relative shorter duration of action. Abdominal cramps, confusion, depression, perceptual insulin pumps disturbances, sweating, nausea, vomiting, parasthesias, photophobia, hyperacusis, tachycardia, and trembling
also occur during benzodiazepine withdrawal, but their incidence is less frequent. Convulsions, hallucinations, insulin pumps delirium, and paranoia also can occur. Benzodiazepines should be withdrawn cautiously insulin pumps and gradually, using a very gradual dosage-tapering schedule. Diazepam is usually chosen as the agent insulin pumps for controlled tapering in all cases of benzodiazepine withdrawal.
Primobol-100 (Methenolone insulin pumps Enanthate) is a registered trademark of Schering A/G avaiable in 50 mg/cc from Mexico and 100 mg/cc from Europe. It is is the "Cleanest and Gentles" anabolic steroid, will
not aromatize, non-toxic, low in androgens.
One reason for the extreme success users have had with testosterone suspension is no doubt insulin pumps the extreme doses used. Where one would take 50 mg of winstrol every day to every other day, suspension is injected daily at 100 mg in most cases. insulin pumps Factoring in that there is more testosterone per mg than in an esterified form, it's a safe conclusion that this is almost twice insulin pumps the dose of any other form of testosterone normally used. The results are nothing safe of amazing. Using the optimal peak doses of the steroid, weight is
gained at an amazing rate and the steroid accumulates faster than with esters, so gains are seen in a lot shorter time-frame as well. Stack insulin pumps that with another base steroid and an aromatizable oral such as Dianabol (methandrostenolone) and one should not insulin pumps be amazed at weight increases of up to 30 pounds in 8 weeks.
In the presence of adequate protein and calories, insulin pumps Boldabol promotes body tissue building processes and can reverse catabolism. As these agents are either derived from or are closely related to testosterone, the anabolics have varying degrees of androgenic
effect. Boldabol, as well as other anabolic steroids can also stimulate erythropoisis. The mechanism for this effect insulin pumps may occur by stimulating erythropoeitic stimulating factor. Anabolics can cause nitrogen, sodium, potassium and phosphorus retention and insulin pumps decrease the urinary excretion of calcium.
As the insulin pumps body reaches full maturation, the endogenous levels of GH are substantially diminished. After insulin pumps this, GH is still present in the body but at a substantially lower level where it continues to aid in protein synthesis, RNA and DNA reactions
and the conversion of body fat to energy. By introducing an exogenous source of this hormone, athletes are hoping to promote these effects, causing insulin pumps the body to deposit more muscle tissue while at the same time reducing body fat stores. On paper, insulin pumps GH should work exceptionally well; however, it does not seem to be delivering up to its potential. Most insulin pumps athletes who have experimented with this product end up being disappointed. There is some evidence that exogenous sources of GH are being destroyed by antibodies which appear after the introduction of the synthetic compound.
Although the 191 amino acid sequence versions have been shown to produce less of an antibody insulin pumps reaction, they are still not yielding consistent results. I have speculated as to whether the introduction of exogenous GH would insulin pumps yield an appreciable degree of efficacy simply due to the fact that the body does not have sufficient receptor affinity to GH in the post-teen insulin pumps years.
Trenbolone Enanthate (or any form of Trenbolone) aids anabolism by promoting nitrogen retention and protein synthesis in muscles (5), and it seems to interact strongly with the receptors of anti-anabolic
(muscle growth preventing) glucocorticoid hormones (6). This will reduce cortisol (7) and aid in muscle growth. Due to these protein synthesizing insulin pumps effects, it can aid your feed efficiency and mineral absorption (8) which will make food you eat more productive insulin pumps in building new muscle tissue, and makes it a very effective agent with regards to nutrient insulin pumps partitioning (9), which is how your body metabolizes foodstuffs.
Serious side effects with diazepam include:
This means, of course, if you are one of those people who are inclined to bridge (use a
low dose of an anabolic compound between higher dose cycles), then this is perfect for insulin pumps you. In addition, you´ll be able to use Teslac during a cycle as an ancillary compound which will eliminate aromatasation.
Athletes insulin pumps also find that the injectable version is far superior to the oral. Stanozolol comes in 50 mg/cc, 2 mg/tab or 5mg/tab. insulin pumps Dosages range from 3-5 ccs per week for men, 1-2 ccs in women. Oral dosages are usually insulin pumps in the area of 16-30 mg per day for men, 4-8 mg for women.Average dose is 3-5 cc in vials per week or 16-30 mg in tablets a day.
Trenbolones chemical structure makes it resistant to the aromatize enzyme (conversion to estrogen) thus absolutely insulin pumps no percentage of trenbolone will convert to estrogen. Trenbolone administration insulin pumps would not promote estrogenic side effects such as breast tissue growth in men (gynecomastia, bitch insulin pumps tits) accelerated fat gain, decline in fat break down and water retention trenbolone. Trenbolone is also resistant to the 5- insulin pumps alpha-reductase enzyme, this enzyme reduces some steroid hormones into a more androgenic form, in trenbolones case however this does not matter, trenbolone boasts
an androgenic ratio of 500, it can easily cause adverse androgenic side effects in any steroid.com members who are prone cases of hair insulin pumps loss, prostate enlargement, oily skin and acne have been reported. Unfortunately trenbolones potential negative side effects do not end there. insulin pumps Trenbolone is also a noted progestin: it binds to the receptor of the female sex hormone progesterone (with about insulin pumps 60% of the actual strength progesterone). In sensitive steroid.com members this can lead to bloat and breast growth worse still, trenbolones active metabolite17beta-trenbolone has a binding
affinity to the progesterone receptor (PgR) that is actually greater than progesterone itself. No insulin pumps need to panic though, the anti-estrogens letrzole or fulvestrant can lower progesterone insulin pumps levels, and combat any progestenic sides. The use of a 19-nor compound like trenbolone also increases insulin pumps prolactin&. bromocriptine or cabergoline are often recommended to lower prolatin levels. Testicular atrophy (shrunken balls) may insulin pumps also occur; HCG used intermittently throughout a cycle can prevent this. It is also wise for Tren users to closely monitor their cholesterol levels, as well as
kidney function and liver enzymes, as Tren has the potential to negatively affect all of those functions. Trenbolone, being a powerful progestin, insulin pumps will also shut down natural testosterone production which even a relatively small dose and keep the testosterone level suppressed insulin pumps for an extended period of time, this can lower libido and cause erectile dysfunction (fina insulin pumps dick). It is essential that you always stack trenbolone with testosterone.
Homeopathic HGH supplements use small amounts of actual synthetic human growth hormone to spur the body's natural production of
its own human growth hormone. These products tend to have the best results of the non-prescription products. The Food and Drug Administration closely insulin pumps regulates the amount of homeopathic human growth hormone that can be included without a prescription. Any company claiming insulin pumps to have comparable levels of HGH as found in a prescription injection are either misleading the consumer or insulin pumps violating federal law.
Benzodiazepines may be habit-forming (causing mental or physical dependence), especially when taken for a long time or in high doses.
is a long acting ester of testosterone which is increasingly difficult to find.Before the scheduling insulin pumps of anabolics in the U.S., this was the most common form of testosterone available to athletes. Cyp had gained a reputation insulin pumps as being slightly stronger than enanthate and became the testosterone of choice for many. Now that anabolics are controlled, this is an almost insulin pumps impossible find. In general, the only versions you\'ll find on the black market are Sten from Mexico, which contains 75mg cyp with 25mg propionate along with some DHEA, and Testex from Leo in Spain which contains
250mg cypionate is a light resistant ampule. All versions of Upjohn and Steris in multi-dose vials should insulin pumps be looked at with extreme caution as they are very difficult to get on the black market. insulin pumps Counterfeits are quite easy to obtain. Real Steris products have the inking STAMPED into the box and the labels insulin pumps cannot be removed from the bottle. Any variation of that is definitely counterfeit. A running dosage of test cypionate is generally in the range of 200-600mg insulin pumps per week. When this was available for $20 per10ml bottle, many users would take a whopping 2000mg per week. This
kind of dosage however, is unsafe, generally not needed and in today's day and age too costly. insulin pumps
KAMAGRA is not for newborns, children, or women. Do not let anyone else insulin pumps take your KAMAGRA. KAMAGRA must be used only under a healthcare provider's supervision.
Molecular insulin pumps Formula: C19 H24 O3
If it were around in the United States, it's popularity would be comparable insulin pumps to oral Dianabol. Effective dosages seem to be in the area of 200 mg a day taken in divided dosages. Andriol is a safe oral steroid that does not suppress gonadotrophins.It
is absorbed through the small intestine into the lymphatic system, no burden to the liver it is a natural ester added to a synthetic insulin pumps derivative which will nor change liver enzymes. No testicular shrinkage, no reduction on in spermatogenesis insulin pumps will occur with reasonable dosages. Cholesterol triglycerides and total lipids tend to be reduced with long term use insulin pumps of Andriol as opposed to elevated with most oral steroids.
As we age, our HGH levels decline to a fraction of the levels of our youth. Many in modern medicine believe that supplementing our diets with
HGH is an effective way to avoid the diseases and conditions associated with aging and improve vitality and appearance. HGH supplements increase insulin pumps the body's natural production of Human Growth Hormone to maximize health and fitness without the use of prescription insulin pumps drugs.
The following terms have been used as street names or slang names for various forms insulin pumps of Rohypnol: Circles; Date rape drug; Forget me drug; Forget pill; Forget-me pill; Getting roached; La Rocha; Lunch money drug; Mexican valium; Pingus; R2; R-2; Reynolds; Rib; Roach 2; Roach-2; Roaches; Roachies;
Appetite stimulation, increased muscle insulin pumps mass, increased bone density, increased red blood cells.
Trenbolone is similar to the highly popular steroid insulin pumps nandrolone, in that they are both 19-nor steroids, meaning that a testosterone molecule has been altered at the 19th position to give us a new compound. Unlike nandrolone however trenbolone is an excellent mass
and hardening drug with the majority of gains being muscle fiber, with minimal water insulin pumps retention. It has an unbelievable anabolic (muscle building) score of 500. When you compare that to testosterone, which itself is insulin pumps a powerful mass builder, and has an anabolic score of 100 you can begin to fathom the muscle building potential of trenbolone. What makes trenbolone insulin pumps so anabolic? Numerous factors come into play. Trenbolone greatly increases the level of the extremely anabolic hormone insulin pumps IGF-1 within muscle tissue. And, it´s worth noting that not only does it increase the levels
of IGF-1 in muscle over two fold, it also causes muscle satellite cells (cells that repair damaged muscle) to be more sensitive to IGF-1 and other insulin pumps growth factors. The amount of DNA per muscle cell may also be significantly increased.
For many, the increased aggression insulin pumps found from increased testosterone levels is often a bonus in the weight room as well as on the playing field. Let´s not get started on insulin pumps its benefits in the bedroom!
Proviron is a synthetic, orally effective androgen which does not have any anabolic characteristics.
Proviron is used in school medi-cine to case or cure disturbances caused by a deficiency of male sex hormones. Many athletes, for this insulin pumps reason, often use Proviron at the end of a steroid treatment in order to increase the reduced testoster-one production. This, however, insulin pumps is not a good idea since Proviron has no effect on the body's own testosterone production but-as men-tioned in the beginning-only reduces or completely insulin pumps eliminates the dysfunctions caused by the testosterone deficiency. These are, in par-ticular, impotence which is mostly caused by an androgen deficiency
that can occur after the discontinuance of steroids, and infertility which manifests itself in insulin pumps a reduced sperm count and a reduced sperm quality. Proviron is therefore taken during a steroid administration or after discontinuing insulin pumps the use of the steroids, to eliminate a possible impotency or a reduced sexual interest. This, however, does not con-tribute to the maintenance insulin pumps of strength and muscle mass after the treatment. There are other better suited compounds insulin pumps for this (see HCG, Clomid, and Teslac). For this reason Proviron is unfortunately considered by many to be a
useless and unnecessary compound.
click on miniatures to see large photos
3ml Vial, 100IU Insulin Lispro/1ml
Eli Lilly, Australia
This description was taken directly from Brian Raupp's
Anabolix Research page since this drug is so dangerous and his description is by far
the most comprehensive that I have found on the internet.
Insulin is a hormone produced in the pancreas which helps to regulate glucose
levels in the body. Medically, it is typically used in the treatment of diabetes.
Recently insulin has become quite popular among bodybuilders due to the anabolic effect
it can offer. With well-timed injections, insulin will help to bring glycogen and
other nutrients to the muscles.
In America, regular human insulin is available without a prescription by the name
of Humulin R by Eli Lilly and Company. It costs about $20 for a 10 ml vial with a
strength of 100 IU per ml. Eli Lilly and Company also produces 5 other insulin formulations,
but none of these should be used by bodybuilders. Humulin R is the safest because
it takes effect quickly and has the shortest duration of activity. The other insulin
formulations remain active for a longer time period and can put the user in an unexpected
state of hypoglycemia.
Hypoglycemia occurs when blood glucose levels are too low. It is a commonand potentially
fatal reaction experienced by insulin users. Before an athlete begins taking insulin,
it is critical that he understands the warning signs and symptoms of hypoglycemia.
The following is a list of symptoms which may indicate a mild to moderate hypoglycemia:
hunger, drowsiness, blurred vision, depressive mood, dizziness, sweating, palpitation,
tremor, restlessness, tingling in the hands, feet, lips, or tongue, lightheadedness,
inability to concentrate, headache, sleep disturbances, anxiety, slurred speech, irritability,
abnormal behavior, unsteady movement, and personality changes. If any of these warning
signs should occur, an athlete should immediately consume a food or drink containing
sugar such as a candy bar or carbohydrate drink. This will treat a mild to moderate
hypoglycemia and prevent a severe state of hypoglycemia. Severe hypoglycemia is a
serious condition that may require medical attention. Symptoms include disorientation,
seizure, unconsciousness, and death.
Insulin is used in a wide variety of ways. Most athletes choose to use it immediately
after a workout. Dosages used are usually 1 IU per 10-20 pounds of lean bodyweight.
First-time users should start at a low dosage and gradually work up. For example,
first begin with 2 IU and then increase the dosage by 1 IU every consecutive workout.
This will allow the athlete to safely determine a dosage. Insulin dosages can vary
significantly among athletes and are dependent upon insulin sensitivity and the use
of other drugs. Athletes using growth hormone and thyroid will have higher insulin
requirements, and therefore, will be able to handle higher dosages.
Humilin R should be injected subcutaneously only with a U-100 insulin syringe.
Insulin syringes are available without a prescription in many states. If the athlete
can not purchase the syringes at a pharmacy, he can mail order them or buy them on
the black market. Using a syringe other than a U-100 is dangerous since it will be
difficult to measure out the correct dosage. Subcutaneous insulin injections are usually
given by pinching a fold of skin in the abdomen area. To speed up the effect of the
insulin, many athletes will inject their dose into the thigh or triceps.
Most athletes will bring their insulin with them to the gym. Insulin should be
refrigerated, but it is all right to keep it in a gym bag as long as it is kept away
from excessive heat. Immediately after a workout, the athlete will inject his dosage
of insulin. Within the next fifteen minutes, he should have a carbohydrate drink such
as Ultra Fuel by Twinlab. The athlete should consume at least 10 grams of carbohydrates
for every 1 IU of insulin injected. Most athletes will also take creatine monohydrate
with their carbohydrate drink since the insulin will help to force the creatine into
the muscles. An hour or so after injecting insulin, most athletes will eat a meal
or consume a protein shake. The carbohydrate drink and meal/protein shake are necessary.
Without them, blood sugar levels will drop dangerously low and the athlete will most
likely go into a state of hypoglycemia.
Many athletes will get sleepy after injecting insulin. This may be a symptom of
hypoglycemia, and an athlete should probably consume more carbohydrates. Avoid the
temptation to go to bed since the insulin may take its peak effect during sleep and
significantly drop glucose levels. Being unaware of the warning signs during his slumber,
the athlete is at a high risk of going into a state of severe hypoglycemia without
anyone realizing it. Humulin R usually remains active for only 4 hours with a peak
at about two hours after injecting. An athlete would be wise to stay up for the 4
hours after injecting.
Rather than waiting to the end of a workout, many athletes prefer to inject their
insulin dosage 30 minutes before their training session is over and then consume a
carbohydrate drink immediately following the workout. This will make the insulin more
efficient at bringing glycogen to the muscles, but it will also increase the danger
of hypoglycemia. Some athletes will even inject a few IUs before lifting to improve
their pump. This practice is extremely risky and best left to athletes with experience
using insulin. Finally, some athletes like to inject insulin upon waking in the morning.
After the injection, they will consume a carbohydrate drink and then have breakfast
within the next hour. Some athletes find this application of insulin very beneficial
for putting on mass, while others will tend to put on excess fat using insulin in
Insulin use can not be detected during a drug test. For this reason, along with
the fact that it is cheap and readily available, insulin has become a popular drug
among the competitive athlete. However, before an athlete attempts to use insulin,
he should educate himself and make himself aware of the consequences. One mistake
in dosage or diet can be potentially fatal.
Effective Dose: 1IU per 10-20 lbs. of body weight.
The Physiological Role of Insulin in the Body:
Insulin is a hormone which is manufactured in the pancreas and which has a number
of important physiological actions in the body. It is an essential hormone in maintaining
the body's blood glucose level so that the brain, muscles, heart and other tissues
are adequately supplied with the fuel they require for normal cellular metabolism
and normal function. Insulin also plays an essential role in fat and protein metabolism.
For example, it promotes transport of amino acids from the bloodstream into muscle
and other cells. Within these cells, insulin increases the rate of incorporation of
amino acids into protein (amino acids are the building blocks of protein) and reduces
protein break down in the body ("catabolism"). These physiological actions
probably form the basis of speculation regarding the additional anabolic gains which
might be made through the use of exogenously administered insulin.
Normally, blood glucose and blood insulin levels are not both elevated for any
extended period of time as these two chemicals influence each other through a feedback
system in the body. In the post-absorptive state, the blood insulin concentration
tends to decrease during exercise, allowing the blood glucose to be maintained at
or above resting levels and to provide increased energy supplies (fuel) to muscle
cells. Following a meal, the blood glucose and amino acid levels rise (the absorptive
state) and this triggers an increase in insulin release from the pancreas, driving
glucose and amino acids from the blood into cells and maintaining the blood glucose
level within a certain physiological (operating) range.
Intending users should also be aware that insulin stimulates lipid (fat) synthesis
from carbohydrate ("lipogenesis"), decreases fatty acid release from tissues
("lipolysis") and leads to a net increase in total body lipid stores. The
development of such increased body fat stores runs counter to the training goals of
most body builders, athletes and those seeking to improve their physical appearance.
In striving to become bigger, stronger, more competitive or more physically attractive
you should also remember that no matter what you do, your genetic make-up will have
an influence on what you are able to achieve. It is important to realize that you
cannot look exactly like the role model you admire because you have inherited a different
set of genes.
The Glycemic Index Factor:
Scientists have discovered that carbohydrate containing foods can be measured
and ranked on the basis of the rate and level of blood glucose increase they cause
when eaten. This measurement is called the "Glycemic Index" or "G.I.
factor". The rate at which glucose enters the bloodstream affects the insulin
response to that food and ultimately affects the rate at which this glucose (fuel)
is made available to exercising muscles.
Low G.I. foods are those measuring less than 50 on a scale of 1-100. Moderate
G.I. foods are those with a reading of 50-70 and high G.I. foods are those measuring
71 or greater on this scale. Pure glucose has a G.I. of 100.
Foods which have a high G.I. produce a rapid increase in blood glucose and blood
insulin levels. Examples of such high G.I. foods are potatoes, ice cream, many cereals
particularly those with a high sugar content, some varieties of rice (e.g. Calrose)
Foods with an moderate G.I. include some brands of muesli, some varieties of rice,
white or brown bread, honey and some cereals.
Foods with a low G.I. produce a slower, smaller but more sustained increase in
blood glucose levels. Examples of such low G.I. foods are pasta, varieties of high
amylose rice, barley, instant noodles, oats, heavy grain breads, lentils, and many
fruits such as apples and dried apricots. Low G.I foods are advantageous if consumed
at least two hours before an event. This gives time for this food to be emptied from
the stomach into the small intestine. Since these foods are digested and absorbed
slowly from the gastro-intestinal tract, they continue to provide glucose to muscle
cells for a longer period of time than moderate or high G.I. foods, particularly towards
the end of an event when muscle glycogen stores may be running low. In this way, low
G.I. foods can increase a person's exercise endurance and prolong the time before
exhaustion sets in.
High G.I. foods, preferably in the form of liquid foods or glucose drinks of approximately
6% in concentration, can enhance endurance during a very strenuous event lasting more
than 90 minutes. ("strenuous" being defined as an athlete exercising at
more than 65% of their maximum capacity). Some athletes may prefer food rather than
liquid replenishment. Miller suggests glucose enriched honey sandwiches, which
have a G.I. factor of 75 or jelly beans, which have a G.I. factor of 80.
Miller suggests that an athlete who is engaged in a prolonged strenuous event
should consume between 30 and 60 grams of carbohydrate per hour during the event.
High G.I. foods are also desirable after completing an exhausting sporting or
training event when muscle and liver glycogen stores have been depleted, as they provide
a rapidly absorbed source of glucose and stimulate insulin release from the pancreas.
This insulin in turn stimulates the absorption of glucose into liver and muscle cells
and its storage as hepatic and muscle glycogen, optimizing recovery and preparation
for the next training or competitive event.
It has been shown that greatest benefit can be had if an athlete consumes these
high G.I. carbohydrate foods as soon as possible after an event, preferably within
an hour or less. It is further recommended that a high carbohydrate intake be maintained
during the next 24 hours. Miller suggests eating at least one gram of carbohydrate
per kilogram body weight each 2 hours after prolonged heavy exercise and at least
10 grams of high G.I. carbohydrate per kilogram body weight over the 24 hour period
following this exercise.
For these reasons, an athlete who needs to maintain a high level of activity and
performance on consecutive days or more extended periods of time should eat large
amounts of high G.I. foods. However, a reasonable quantity of low G.I. carbohydrate
food should be consumed before an event in order to improve endurance.
A Natural Method of Maintaining an Elevated Blood Insulin Level:
Noting the hypothesis that an elevated blood insulin level may be of some advantage
to bodybuilders, Fahey and his colleagues (1993) undertook an experiment in which
they fed athletes a liquid meal of "Metabolol", which consisted of 13.0g
protein, 31.9g carbohydrate and 2.6g fat per 100ml and provided 825kJ of energy.
These researchers demonstrated that it is possible with such intermittent feeding
during intense weight training to maintain a person's blood glucose at or above resting
levels and at the same time, significantly increase insulin levels for the duration
of the workout. This suggests a potentially effective and safe non-drug method for
achieving a sustained elevation of blood insulin levels.
The authors of this research commented that "theoretically, this could provide
a biochemical environment conducive to accelerating the rate of muscle hypertrophy
and inhibiting protein degradation". However, the writer knows of no scientific
studies which support this theory.
It is also relevant to note that muscle repair and growth begins in the hours
and days following heavy exercise. It is doubtful that the use of insulin just prior
to a workout will have any anabolic effects over and above natural processes, at this
time. However, use of insulin prior to a workout will certainly expose you to much
greater risk of serious harm. If you believe it is beneficial to have a higher insulin
blood level during workouts, use the natural method outlined here.
Level of Risk Associated with Insulin Use:
The use of all drugs carries some risk along with potential or perceived benefits,
whether used for legitimate medical reasons or for other purposes. Insulin carries
some risk even when used by an insulin dependent diabetic, as demonstrated by the
observation that some diabetics run into difficulties with their treatment from time
to time and often require assistance to restabilize their medical condition and insulin
requirements. If used by a healthy non diabetic person in whom there is no natural
deficiency in insulin production or reduced insulin sensitivity and in the absence
of medical advice and monitoring, the risks may be substantially increased.
The major risk associated with insulin is a physical state known as hypoglycemia
or "low blood sugar". This occurs when the level of glucose in the blood
falls below a certain level required for normal body function. If the blood glucose
level is substantially reduced below this normal level and if this is not quickly
corrected, there is a risk of disorientation, collapse, coma, permanent brain damage
and even death. Exercise and reduced food intake decreases the body's need for insulin
and increases the risk of hypoglycemia associated with non-medical use of insulin.
It is difficult to provide a quantitative estimate of risk for any drug but on
a scale of risk in relation to other non-medical and unsanctioned drug use, the use
of insulin in this manner would rank towards the higher end of the scale. If zero
equals "no risk" of harm to a person's health and ten equals "extreme
risk", the use of anabolic steroids in a non-medical context might rate towards
the middle of the scale of risk (particularly in the medium to long term) whilst insulin
would rate higher. This level of risk associated with insulin use will depend on a
number of factors:
Whether the person is a diabetic or not: non-diabetics and lean healthy people
are more sensitive to the blood glucose lowering effects of insulin than diabetics;
Type of insulin: short acting insulin preparations are considerably safer than
long acting preparations because with short acting types, it is much easier to avoid
hypoglycemia with adequate food intake. With the non-medical use of longer acting
insulin preparations, a person is at real risk of experiencing hypoglycemia late in
the day, particularly in between meals, during or after exercise and when asleep.
Regardless of this advice, some people are in reality using a mixture of short and
long acting insulin preparations and exposing themselves to unnecessary increased
Food intake: the type and timing of food consumed, its glycemic index (the glucose
elevating effect) and the amount consumed;
Timing of insulin administration in relation to food intake and exercise;
Individual variation: two different people can respond in a very different way
to a given dose of insulin, even if they are of a similar height, weight and other
personal characteristics. The fact that a certain dose does not seem to cause a problem
for one person does not mean this will be so for another. In addition, the response
to insulin will also vary greatly within any one individual over time, according to
changes in one or more of the above noted factors.
5-10 Units of a short acting preparation may have little or no observable impact
on someone who eats a meal soon before or after but this dose could cause hypoglycemia
and collapse in a person who has not consumed adequate food in close proximity to
the time when the insulin begins to take effect (insulin starts to take effect within
5-10 minutes if injected by intra-muscular route and in 30-60 minutes if injected
by subcutaneous route). Foods with a high glycemic index will maintain the blood glucose
level for a short period of time, perhaps an hour or so whilst those with a low glycemic
index will provide for more sustained glucose levels. Risk Reduction Advice:
Given the risks of using insulin for non medical purposes, the best advice one
can give is not use it in this way. Even the body building magazines such as "Muscle
Media 2000" advise: "If you're thinking about using insulin, think twice
- it's really risky!"(3) However, if you are not persuaded by this advice and
are determined to pursue its use in the hope of achieving some additional anabolic
or other gains, you should take the following precautions:
Consider using the natural method of raising your blood insulin level during workouts
by consuming glucose containing fluids at intervals during exercise. These fluids
may have a protein sparing effect and at the same time, will help maintain keep your
blood glucose and blood insulin levels. However, if you decide to use insulin, you
should consider the following advice:
Always use insulin in the presence of someone else who knows about and understands
the exact risks of using insulin in this manner, so they are able to act quickly and
appropriately should something go wrong;
Always use a sterile needle and syringe every time and a clean injecting technique
(e.g. don't touch the needle or the skin where you are going to inject, with your
fingers and don't breathe on or cough over the injection site before or after injecting).
Be aware that 1.0 ml of insulin contains one hundred International Units (100 IU),
0.1 ml of insulin contains ten (10) IU and 0.01 ml contains one (1.0) IU. So take
care in measuring out your insulin Ö.it is very concentrated!
Note that 0.01 ml is the volume contained in the space between the smallest graduated
markings on a 1.0 ml Terumo diabetic syringe;
Inject by the subcutaneous route (injecting just under the skin and preferably
in the abdominal area or outer part of the upper thigh), not intramuscularly or intravenously
as using the latter routes can lead to a rapid rise in blood insulin level and a sudden
Alternate your injection sites in order to minimize tissue damage ("lipoatrophy"
Always use a short acting, "regular" insulin (e.g. Actrapid, Insulin
Neutral, Humulin R, Hypurin Neutral) rather than a longer acting insulin preparation
(e.g. Semilente, Lente or Ultralente);
Use a human insulin rather than an animal insulin preparation if possible (there
is little animal insulin available now);
Start with no more than 5 IU (0.05 ml) of this short acting/ regular insulin preparation
and increase the dose gradually over a period of one week, to a dose no higher than
20 IU (0.20 ml) per day. Doses above this will expose you to progressively greater
risk and most body builders who use insulin believe there is no advantage in taking
doses higher than this. Anecdotal evidence amongst bodybuilders suggests increased
doses leads to excess bodyfat accumulation.
The writer would caution against users falling into the trap of thinking: "If
20 units is good, 40 units will be twice as good" or "Joe says he injected
20 units and it didn't affect him, so it will be safe for me to inject 30 or 40 units".
All drugs have a therapeutic dose range and above this, may be toxic or even lethal.
If you are not diabetic, your body does not require additional insulin and there is
no therapeutic range for you. In addition, people are different and often respond
differently to drugs. An individual may also respond differently to the same drug
in the same dose at different times, depending on a wide range of factors such as
their general health, alcohol or other drugs taken, food eaten, exercise undertaken
before, during or after drug administration and so on.
Don't use a medium or long acting insulin in the middle or latter part of the
day, as you may very well experience a hypoglycemic attack whilst you are asleep.
If this happens, neither you nor anyone else will be aware of or able to respond to
your urgent need for glucose, in order to prevent possible serious harm.
Close attention to diet is extremely important in people using insulin, whether this
is for legitimate medical purposes or for other reasons. You can reduce your risk
by consuming an adequate amount and mixture of high and low G.I. carbohydrate foods
and drinks immediately after using insulin and at regular intervals (every 2-3 hours) throughout the day.
High G.I. carbohydrates (e.g. sweets, soft drinks and ice-cream) will raise your
blood sugar quickly and prevent early hypoglycemia. Low G.I. carbohydrates (e.g. white
pasta, high amylose rice, softened whole grain breads and instant noodles) are metabolized
more slowly and will keep your blood glucose level up over a more extended period
of time, when the medium acting insulin preparations begin to take effect;
55-65% of your total daily energy intake should be in the form of carbohydrates,
15-20% as protein and ~20% as fat. You should seek advice from a dietitian about your
daily requirements but most heavy training athletes need to consume between 3,000
and 5,500 Calories per day (depending on the sport and level of training) and between
450 and 800 grams of carbohydrate each day. If you are a body builder who weighs 100
kg and your total energy requirements are calculated to be 4,000 calories/ day, you
should aim to eat approximately 570 grams of carbohydrate each day. If your total
energy requirements are calculated to be 5,000 calories/ day, you should aim to eat
approximately 720 grams of carbohydrate each day.
Divide up your calculated total daily carbohydrate requirements over the course
of your waking hours and consume frequent carbohydrate meals throughout the day. For
example, if you require 4,000 calories per day, you might eat six meals of 650-700
Calories at 2-3 hour intervals.
This would mean eating approximately 90-100 grams of carbohydrate each meal, which
for example you will obtain from 7 slices of bread alone or 4-5 slices of bread with
1 ? tablespoons of honey or 500 ml of Sustagen or 3 slices of bread eaten with a 450
gram can of baked beans. You can refer to the attached food tables to work out your
own requirements according to your own food preferences. You will need to choose a
mixture foods from this table with a high, medium or low G.I., according to the nature
and level of the training you are doing.
Once again, the writer would strongly recommend that you consult a dietitian who
has an interest and experience in sports nutrition, in order to assist you design
a dietary program which is best suited to your training goals and needs and to your
food preferences. It is equally important that you find a dietitian with whom you
feel comfortable telling about your insulin or other performance enhancing substance
use, as their advice may otherwise be less than useful to you. If your dietitian does
not know about and does not take such substance use into account, their advice may
even add to the dangers associated with this substance use.
Always have a source of glucose or other high G.I. food ready at hand, in case
you should begin to experience the symptoms of hypoglycemia. If this does occur, you
should take this glucose or food without delay. You should eat or drink 15-20 grams
of carbohydrate to begin with, which is contained in ~ 2 slices of white or brown
bread, two glasses of milk, a half glass of soft drink, a tablespoon of honey or six
Other examples of glucose or other high Glycemic index carbohydrate preparations
which you can use include: glucose tablets, glucose powder mixed in a small volume
of water, barley sugar, or other sweets or if these are not immediately available,
a sugar containing cordial, soft drink or plain sugar dissolved in water. This should
be followed by an adequate low Glycemic index carbohydrate meal to prevent further
hypoglycemia since the insulin levels are likely to remain high for some hours after
the high Glycemic index carbohydrates are used up (metabolized) in the body.
The Crucial Role of the Friend or Peer Observer:
If you are going to use insulin, it is essential that you have a friend or peer observer
remain with you in case you experience problems. This person really needs to be with
you for the whole time while the insulin preparation used is working.
Be aware that the risk of hypoglycemia occurs not at the time of insulin injection
but rather, when the insulin starts to take effect. The risk will be greatest when
your insulin blood level nears or reaches its highest level, usually 30-60 minutes
afterwards if a short acting insulin preparation is used (by subcutaneous injection)
and up to 20 hours later if a long acting insulin is used.
Consider giving this paper to the person who is going to be with you when you
use insulin, so they are aware of the things to look out for and what to do if you
should experience a hypoglycemic reaction. The following instructions are for a peer
observer or other person who may find you experiencing difficulty as a result of overdosing
on insulin or any other drug or combination of drugs.
Instructions for the Peer Observer Assisting an Insulin User.
If the person who has used insulin states that they are beginning to feel any of
the following symptoms: faintness, dizziness, thirst, hunger, nausea, weakness, sweating.
Or if you observe that they have become: confused, disorientated, sweaty, drowsy.
You should immediately give them glucose or a sugar containing drink or food as
mentioned above. However, you should not try to give a person food or fluids if they
are so drowsy that they are unable to swallow it, since they will be at risk of accidentally
breathing in (aspirating) this food or fluid. If they cannot readily respond to your
questions or your commands, you should assume they are unable to swallow anything
If the person loses consciousness, you should place them in either a "lateral"
or "coma" position, tilting the head fully back and jaw forward, in order
to ensure an open airway and protect them from possible aspiration. Keep them in this
position while medical assistance is being sought.
You should then immediately call an ambulance by dialing "911", to get
them to a hospital without any delay whatsoever. When the ambulance arrives, you should
tell the ambulance officers exactly what the person has taken and what you have observed
so the correct treatment can be provided promptly. This is essential as the person's
life may be at stake.
Severe hypoglycemia or a combination of alcohol and other drugs, particularly
drugs which suppress the central nervous system, can cause a person to stop breathing
and their heart to stop beating. Remember, it only takes a few minutes for someone
to suffer permanent brain damage or to die, once they stop breathing.
There are several common signs which may be apparent in someone who has overdosed
from one or a combination of drugs.
very slow or shallow breathing or no breathing at all (listen close to the person's
mouth and nose for breath sounds and look for movement of their chest wall) snoring
or gurgling breathing in someone who is asleep blue lips and fingernails (caused by
lack of oxygen) no response to shaking, calling their name or pain (try pinching their
earlobe and pressing down hard on one of their fingernails with a pen) very slow,
faint pulse or no pulse at all.
What To Do in the Event of an Overdose:
stay calm, squeeze earlobe/ press on fingernail of person in an effort to arouse
them if person responds, try to walk them around if no response, check person's breathing
and pulse if unconscious but breathing, place in lateral or coma position call an
ambulance by dialing 911.
They will give you advice on what to do, which might include:
if there is a pulse but the person is not breathing, start artificial respiration,
otherwise known as Expired Airways Resuscitation (EAR), without delay if no pulse,
start cardio-pulmonary resuscitation (CPR) stay with the person, continuing to administer
artificial respiration or CPR until the ambulance arrives. Keep them in the lateral
or coma position if they are breathing on their own. tell the ambulance officers exactly
what they may have taken and what you have observed.
The writer would like to emphasize once more that this paper should in no way
be construed as an encouragement to people to use insulin in an effort to increase
muscle mass, sports performance or appearance. Rather, it represents a pragmatic attempt
at providing harm reduction advice to people who choose to take the risk of using
insulin in this way, despite their knowledge of those risks.